25+ Tricky SAP AFS Interview Questions with SMART ANSWERS
Last updated on 04th Jul 2020, Blog, Interview Questions
SAP Apparel and Footwear (SAP AFS) is a specialized solution designed by SAP to meet the unique requirements of the apparel and footwear industry. It is an integrated software suite that provides comprehensive support for various business processes within the fashion and retail sector. SAP AFS offers functionalities tailored to the specific needs of managing complex supply chains, handling diverse product assortments, and addressing the dynamic nature of fashion trends. The solution covers key aspects such as product lifecycle management, demand forecasting, procurement, production planning, order fulfillment, and retail operations. By leveraging SAP AFS, businesses in the apparel and footwear industry can enhance operational efficiency, streamline their processes, and adapt quickly to changing market demands, ultimately improving customer satisfaction and maintaining a competitive edge in the fashion retail landscape.
1. What is SAP SD?
SAP SD manages the entire request to conveyance procedure. It executes the business forms used in the offering, delivering, and charging of goods and services.
2. What is the organizational structure in sales and distribution?
- Contract and Scheduling Agreements
- Credit and Debit Memo asks
- Rush Orders and Cash Sales
- Back Orders
3. What is hierarchical structure in deals and conveyance?
- Sales Organization
- Distribution Channel
- Sales Office
- Sales Group
4. Explain how sending point is resolved?
Transportation point is dictated by the , Transportation Conditions + Loading Group + Delivery Plant equals Shipping Point
5. What is contrast between turning point and occasional charging?
Periodic: Full sum in each bill till a contract period
Milestone: Partial sum in every bill till the full sum is charged
6. How can dole out appropriation channel to Sales Organization?
To dole out an appropriation to deals association in the SAP, need to take after the way SPRO (SAP Project Reference Object) >IMG >Enterprise structure >Assignment >
7. Explain condition writes.
The portrayal of a specific angles identified with every day evaluating exercises alludes as a condition writes. The way for condition write for an estimating is SAP IMG way: SPRO – SAP Reference IMG – A Sales and Distribution
8. What are setup advance to characterize deals record write in SAP SD?
In SAP Sales and Distribution (SD), setting up advanced features for sales record types involves configuring the sales document types, item categories, and schedule line categories. Define sales document types to represent different transactions such as sales orders or returns.Through this setup, businesses can tailor the sales record types to their specific requirements, ensuring accurate and efficient processing of sales orders and related transactions in the SAP SD module.
9. What is Reversal PGI. Can able to scratch off PGI and say exchange code for PGI?
Reversal PGI in SAP is the process of undoing a goods issue, canceling the shipment. However, directly scratching off PGI is not advisable; it’s better to follow proper SAP processes for returns or exchanges to maintain data accuracy.
10. What is distinction between surge request and money deals.
|Criteria||Cash Sales||Rush Order|
Immediate, on-the-spot transactions with payment.
|Expedited orders for products or services with urgency.|
|Payment||Payment is made in cash or other immediate methods.||Payment terms may vary, not necessarily immediate.|
|Processing Speed||Quick and immediate processing.||Expedited processing to meet urgent delivery needs.|
|Documentation||Simple documentation, often a receipt or invoice.||Comprehensive documentation like sales orders.|
11. When might utilize an SAP Return Order and SAP Credit Memo?
SAP Return Order is done when client restores any already obtained items and requires the credit or cash back. While credit update is point at which the client is credited without restoring the any products.
12. What is SAP Posting Period. What is exchange code to open and close posting period?
SAP’s presenting period is set to ensure that the posting period for business deals aligns with the financial posting date, which denotes the time when budgetary bookkeeping is ready to close and proceed with the installment. The exchange code S_alr_87003642 is used to open and close the posting period.
- CALL FUNCTION ‘FAGL_GSB_OPEN’ EXPORTING bukrs = ‘1000’ gjahr = ‘2023’ monat = ’12’ op_p_key = ‘X’.
- CALL FUNCTION ‘FAGL_GSB_CLOSE’ EXPORTING bukrs = ‘1000’ gjahr = ‘2023’ monat = ’12’ op_p_key = ‘X’.
13. Explain Copy control?
In SAP SD, Copy Controls complete the process of copying data from a source report to the target record. They are made up of a programme that is mentioned as directing and determines how the framework will exchange data. End users who would rather not repeat the control parameters from arrangement to delivery and subsequent charging may find duplicate control useful.
14. In what way Copy Control progress should be possible?
- Sales record by a deals report
- Billing record by a deals report
- Sales record by a conveyance
- Sales record by a charging report
- Delivery by charging record.
15. What are three levels that duplicate controls are set up?
In the context of SAP security, duplicate controls are implemented at three levels: client level, company code level, and plant level. These controls help prevent the creation of duplicate master data and ensure data consistency across different organizational units. At the client level, checks are applied globally to prevent duplication across the entire SAP system. At the company code level, controls are specific to financial accounting, while at the plant level, they are tailored to individual production facilities. This three-tiered approach enhances data quality and integrity in SAP implementations.
16. Explain incorporate condition write in evaluating method.
To incorporate condition compose in valuing strategy, need to take after the pathway Essential Functions >Pricing Control >Define and Assign a valuing methodology, then select Maintain estimating strategies, and finally select evaluating a technique and afterward “Control Data” and add condition write to valuing framework.
17. What is Proforma Invoice and what a kinds with respect to SAF AFS.?
A proforma invoice is a preliminary document sent to a buyer before the actual shipment of goods. It outlines the details of the transaction, including the description and quantity of products, prices, and terms. In the context of SAP AFS (Apparel and Footwear Solution), proforma invoices play a crucial role in the pre-sales processes. There are two main types of proforma invoices in SAP AFS: Standard Proforma Invoice, which is used for regular sales orders, and Export Proforma Invoice, specifically designed for export-oriented transactions.
18. Mention exchange code used to make an arrival conveyance.
Exchange code is utilized to make arrival conveyance is T/C VA01 with the standard request write RE, While returning the conveyance is T/C VL01 with return transit do type LR.
19. What are two spots where have to design CIN (Country Version India)
- Logistic General – > Tax on a Goods Movement
- Financial Accounting > Tax at bargain and buy
20. Describe what SAP PP routing is.
In SAP Production Planning (SAP PP), a routing is a master data object that defines the sequence of operations and work centers required to produce a material. It outlines the steps and resources involved in manufacturing a product, specifying the production process from start to finish. The routing in SAP PP serves as a guide for production planners and shop floor personnel, providing essential information for the efficient execution of manufacturing tasks.
21. List out five highlights can control for deal archive write.
22. What are methods accessible in conveyance Scheduling.
Backward SCDG: A conveyance date was requested by the framework figures.
Forward Scheduling: The framework figures soonest conceivable date in light of a material accessible date
23. What is PLM in context of SAP AFS?
It is also referred to as a collection of solutions that help create and maintain product information in a digital environment. It is also important for to note that this product information is crucial to success of any organization. It is also essential for an entire life cycle of product which is there is warehouse.
24. What does various utilities of Product Lifecycle Management.
The PLM has ability to link with the various other applications of the internet that are vital in warehouse. It also makes sure that a program management and configuration management are on par with the engineering management.
25. What are various tools of PRT?
- Measurement Panels
- Illustrations of engineering.
26. Illustrate need for MRP list in case stock needed list is already given?
It is important to remember that the MRP list always shows the results of the most recent planning run. In addition, it can monitor changes made between planning runs that are not included in the MRP list. Conversely, receipts and issues are always visible on a screen in the needed and stock list.
27. Explain “work focus” in SAP PP ?
Work Centres are SAP-PP business protests that are used for work orders and assignment list activities (routings, maintenance of errand records, examination designs).
28. What are utilization of Data in Work Centers ?
Data utilization in work centers in manufacturing involves optimizing production processes. Key data includes machine capacities, production rates, and resource availability. Work center data helps plan and schedule production orders efficiently, ensuring optimal resource utilization. It aids in monitoring work progress, identifying bottlenecks, and facilitating real-time decision-making.
29. What is Routing in SAP PP.
In SAP PP, steering refers to the list of exercises required to deliver any material. For example, when estimating material costs, the framework triggers appropriate directing and action rates for each of those depicted in steering.
30. What is utilization of MRP PP assessments?
This section includes the ability to evaluate the MRP result. This capability can be used to gather information about the availability of materials and to identify any material shortage situations.
Be An Expert in SAP AFS with Hands-on Practical SAP AFS Training
- Instructor-led Sessions
- Real-life Case Studies
31. List out exercises completed in Production Planning?
- Keeping up arranging schedule
- Keeping up a generation parcel
- Keeping up standard document
- Characterizing the scope profile and the profile for an excellent time
- Characterizing a MRP sees
32. What are reports created in item taken toll controlling data framework?
In item cost controlling within a manufacturing framework, reports play a crucial role in providing insights into cost-related data. Some essential reports include Costed Multilevel BOM (Bill of Materials) Reports, Cost Component Split Reports, and Variance Analysis Reports. These reports help analyze and control costs at different levels of the production process, track cost breakdowns, and identify variances between planned and actual costs.
33. How might make generation arrange without steering and BOM
Without BOM and directing can make a creation arrange by changing config in OPL8 (arrange type subordinate parameters) as steering discretionary. When endeavor to make a request utilizing C001 it might request the business arrangement.
34. What motivation behind utilizing Capacity Planning.
Capacity planning serves the purpose of efficiently allocating resources to meet production demands. It helps organizations optimize workforce, machinery, and other production factors to ensure that they can fulfill customer orders on time and with the available resources. Effective capacity planning minimizes bottlenecks, maximizes production efficiency, and allows businesses to adapt to changing demand patterns.
35. Explain end result for arranged after it has changed into generation arrange?
When an arranged request is converted to a generation arrangement, the arranged requests are balanced by a generation arrangement. The reference to the arranged request can be found in the creation arrangement. It is extremely beneficial to retailers.
36. What are means of Production Execution Process?
- Merchandise issue for a generation arrange
- Affirmation of a generation arrange
- Merchandise receipt against creation arrange.
37. Mention sorts of creation process in SAP.
- Discrete Manufacturing
- Dreary Manufacturing
- Creation Process Industries
38. What are key features of SAP AFS?
SAP Apparel and Footwear Solution (AFS) provides key features tailored for the fashion industry, including comprehensive product lifecycle management, demand forecasting, and production planning. It supports diverse product assortments, handles complex supply chains, and adapts to dynamic fashion trends. SAP AFS integrates processes from procurement to retail operations, enhancing operational efficiency and ensuring businesses can swiftly respond to market demands in the ever-changing fashion landscape.
39. Explain concept of Variant Configuration in SAP AFS.
Variant Configuration in SAP AFS allows the businesses to manage and configure product variants based on the different attributes such as size, color, and style. It enables creation of a single material with the multiple variants, simplifying the management of a complex product structures.
40. How does SAP AFS handle size and color matrix?
SAP AFS uses the size and color matrix to represent various combinations of sizes and colors for the particular product. This matrix simplifies inventory management, order processing, and production planning by providing the structured way to handle the diverse product variations.
41. What is Allocation Management in SAP AFS?
Allocation Management in SAP AFS is feature that helps optimize distribution of stock to meet customer demand. It ensures available inventory is allocated efficiently based on the predefined rules, like prioritizing key customers or specific sales regions.
42. How SAP AFS integrate with the other SAP modules?
SAP AFS integrates with the modules such as SAP MM for materials management and procurement, as well as a SAP SD for sales and distribution. This integration ensures the seamless flow of information across the different business processes, from order creation to production and delivery.
43. What are benefits of implementing SAP AFS for company in apparel and footwear industry?
- Improved product variant management
- Streamlined production processes
- Enhanced inventory visibility
- Optimized allocation of stock
44. Explain process of creating sales order in SAP AFS?
The process typically involves the entering customer details, selecting a desired product variant using variant configuration, specifying a size and color options, and determining allocation of stock. The sales order triggers subsequent processes like production planning and delivery.
45. What is significance of Fashion Management Solution (FMS) in SAP AFS?
The Fashion Management Solution (FMS) is the extension of SAP AFS, providing additional functionalities specific to a fashion industry. It includes the features like a seasonal purchasing, merchandise distribution, and retail store management to address unique requirements of fashion companies.
46. Explain role of Size Profile in SAP AFS.
The Size Profile in SAP AFS is used to define size distribution of a particular product. It helps in managing sizes available for a product and ensures that correct sizes are considered during the production planning and order processing.
47. How does SAP AFS handle planning of seasonal products?
SAP AFS includes the functionalities for seasonal purchasing and planning. Seasonal products can be managed the more effectively by considering factors like a trends, demand patterns, and historical data to be optimize inventory levels and ensure timely availability.
48. What is Cross-Docking, and how does relate to SAP AFS?
Cross-Docking is the logistics strategy where products are directly transferred from supplier to the customer without being stored in the warehouse. In SAP AFS, Cross-Docking can be used to expedite delivery process and reduce the storage costs by efficiently managing the flow of goods.
49. Explain concept of Assortment Modules in SAP AFS.
Assortment Modules in SAP AFS are used to group and manage the products based on specific characteristics, like style or collection. This grouping helps in better organizing and presenting the products, making it easier for retailers to manage assortments.
50. What is importance of Style Color Hierarchy in SAP AFS?
The Style Color Hierarchy in SAP AFS helps in organizing and structuring products based on style and color attributes. This hierarchy is essential for an effective reporting, analysis, and decision-making in apparel and footwear industry.
Start Your SAP AFS learning Journey from SAP AFS Certification CourseWeekday / Weekend BatchesSee Batch Details
51. How SAP AFS handle management of multiple brands within same system?
SAP AFS supports management of the multiple brands through its flexible structure. Companies can define the brand-specific attributes and configurations, allowing for distinct representation of products and processes for each brand within same system.
52. How SAP AFS handle integration with SAP Retail?
SAP AFS integrates with the SAP Retail to provide end-to-end solutions for a fashion industry. The integration ensures a seamless communication between the processes such as merchandise distribution, retail store management, and demand planning, enabling companies to be streamline operations across entire value chain.
53. Explain Seasonal Procurement in SAP AFS?
A Seasonal Procurement in SAP AFS involves procurement of goods based on the seasonal demand patterns. The system allows for planning and procurement of products to align with the specific seasons, ensuring that inventory levels are optimized to meet a customer demand during peak periods.
54. What is Allocation Run in SAP AFS, and how it work?
The Allocation Run in SAP AFS is the process that helps optimize the distribution of available stock to meet a customer demand. It considers factors such as customer priorities, sales regions, and product characteristics to allocate the inventory efficiently, ensuring that right products are available in a right locations.
55. How SAP AFS handle integration with e-commerce platforms?
SAP AFS can integrate with the e-commerce platforms to ensure seamless flow of information between the online sales channels and back-end processes. This integration enables a real-time visibility of inventory, order processing, and product information, providing the consistent experience for a customers across different channels.
56. Explain role of Style Master Data in SAP AFS.
Style Master Data in SAP AFS includes an information about characteristics and attributes of particular style. It is used to define and manage master data for styles, allowing for a consistent representation and control of a style-related information across various business processes.
57. How does SAP AFS support demand-driven production planning?
SAP AFS supports the demand-driven production planning by considering factors are sales orders, forecasts, and seasonal trends to optimize production schedules. This approach ensures that a production is aligned with the actual customer demand, minimizing excess inventory and improving an overall efficiency.
58. Explain Fashion Business Map in SAP AFS.
The Fashion Business Map in SAP AFS is the graphical representation of the product structure, displaying relationships between the different elements such as styles, components, and variants. It provides the visual overview of entire product landscape, aiding in better understanding and management of complex product structures.
59. How SAP AFS support management of product labeling and packaging?
SAP AFS allows for integration of labeling and packaging processes into overall product management workflow. This ensures products are correctly labeled and packaged based on a customer requirements, compliance standards, and industry regulations.
60. What is SAP AFS Forecasting module, and how contribute to demand planning?
The SAP AFS Forecasting module helps businesses predict the future demand based on a historical data, market trends, and other relevant factors. It contributes to demand planning by providing a accurate forecasts, enabling companies to align production and inventory levels with the expected customer demand.
61. How SAP AFS support management of product labeling and packaging?
SAP AFS allows for integration of labeling and packaging processes into overall product management workflow. This ensures that products are correctly labeled and packaged based on a customer requirements, compliance standards, and industry regulations.
62. Explain process of configuring new product variant in SAP AFS?
Configuring a new product variant in SAP AFS involves using Variant Configuration module. This includes the defining characteristics of the variant, such as size and color, setting up a rules for how these characteristics interact, and ensuring that configuration aligns with the business requirements. Once configured, new variant can be used in the various processes such as a order processing and production planning.
63. How SAP AFS handle integration of external warehouse management systems?
SAP AFS can integrate with an external warehouse management systems through the standard interfaces and protocols. This integration ensures that information related to an inventory levels, order processing, and warehouse operations is synchronized between the SAP AFS and the external warehouse management system, providing a real-time visibility and control.
64. How SAP AFS handle cross-border sales and international distribution?
SAP AFS supports the cross-border sales and international distribution by considering a factors such as currency conversion, tax implications, and legal requirements. The system allows the businesses to manage diverse sales channels, adapt pricing strategies for a different regions, and ensure compliance with international trade regulations./p>
65. Explain SAP AFS supporting sustainability initiatives within apparel and footwear industry.
SAP AFS can contribute to sustainability initiatives by providing a tools for tracking and reporting on environmental and social aspects of supply chain. This includes features likea monitoring the use of a sustainable materials, reducing waste in production processes, and ensuring the compliance with ethical sourcing practices.
66. How SAP AFS handle Seasonal Procurement.
Seasonal Procurement in SAP AFS involves procurement of goods based on a seasonal demand patterns. It is important in fashion industry as it helps businesses align procurement strategies with the changing customer preferences, ensuring that right products are available during the specific seasons.
67. Explain Style Master Data in SAP AFS ?
SAP AFS’s Style Master Data contains details about the traits and qualities of a specific style. It is essential for consistently defining and managing style-related data, which has an effect on a number of business processes, including order processing, production scheduling, and inventory management.
68. Explain concept of Assortment Modules ?
Assortment Modules in SAP AFS are used to group and manage the products based on specific criteria, like style or collection. They are significant in retail scenarios as help organize and present products in a way that aligns with the customer preferences, seasonal trends, and marketing strategies, ultimately enhancing customer shopping experience.
69. How does SAP AFS support demand-driven production planning?
SAP AFS supports the demand-driven production planning by considering factors such as sales orders, forecasts, and seasonal trends. It optimizes the production schedules to align with the actual customer demand, minimizing excess inventory and improving an overall efficiency in production process.
70. Explain Size Grid in SAP AFS?
The Size Grid in SAP AFS is used to define size ranges for a different products, ensuring consistency in sizing across the various styles. This is crucial in apparel and footwear industry, where accurate sizing is essential for a customer satisfaction. The Size Grid simplifies handling of a size-related information and ensures uniformity.
71. Discuss Batch Management in SAP AFS ?
Batch Management in SAP AFS is crucial for tracking and managing batches of a products, especially in industries where traceability is essential, such as apparel and footwear. It enables the businesses to identify and monitor batches throughout supply chain, ensuring quality control, compliance, and efficient recalls if necessary.
72. Explain SAP AFS Forecasting module and how it contributes to demand planning?
The SAP AFS Forecasting module assists businesses in a predicting future demand based on a historical data, market trends, and other relevant factors. It contributes to demand planning by providing an accurate forecasts, enabling companies to align the production and inventory levels with the expected customer demand, reducing stockouts and excess inventor.
73. What is SAP AFS Allocation Run?
The SAP AFS Allocation Run optimizes distribution of available stock to meet the customer demand efficiently. It considers the factors such as customer priorities, sales regions, and product characteristics. In terms of inventory management, Allocation Run helps prevent a stockouts, ensures product availability, and aligns inventory with the demand.
74. Explain Style Color Size (SCS) matrix in SAP AFS ?
The Style Color Size (SCS) matrix in SAP AFS is the visual representation of product variants based on a style, color, and size. It simplifies product management by providing structured and organized view of all the possible combinations, making it easier to manage and track diverse the product offerings efficiently.
75. Discuss SAP AFS Article Master Data in maintaining accurate and consistent information ?
The SAP AFS Article Master Data is central to maintaining the accurate and consistent information about the products. It includes the details such as material, style, color, and size information. This master data ensures uniformity across the business processes, including order processing, production planning, and inventory management.
76. Explain SAP AFS addresses the challenges of managing product variants ?
SAP AFS addresses the challenges of managing product variants through the Variant Configuration module. This module allows the businesses to define and configure a complex product variants, including the different attributes and characteristics. It streamlines a representation and management of product variants, reducing the complexity in industries with the diverse product offerings.
77. What is SAP AFS process?
AFS provides an information in addition to material master. The master grid allows addition of multiple dimensions. It is not necessary to have the separate material master number for individual characteristic. Coverage strategy allows to include the stock and requirement categories.
78. What is AFS module in SAP?
AFS stands for the Apparel and Footwear Solution, and name itself, is self explanatory. SAP AFS is SAP Solution directed to Apparel and Footwear Industry. It is categorized under the Consumable Products. SAP AFS is assembled around SAP Core.
79. What is SAP AFS and FMS?
FMS is industry specific solution which has capabilities to cater to both the Wholesale and Retail businesses. AFS(Apparel and Footware Solution, which is predecessor of FMS ) customers can migrate to the FMS using some migration tools are DTMT.
80. Explain shipping point is determined?
A shipping point is the highest level of organisation for shipping that can be determined for each order item. Customer master record shipping terms and conditions (shipping screen). For example, the company agreed with the customer to deliver the product as soon as possible.
81. Explain SAP AFS Logistics Execution System (in optimizing warehouse and logistics operations.
The SAP AFS Logistics Execution System (LES) optimizes the warehouse and logistics operations by providing a tools for efficient inventory management, order picking, and shipment processing. It streamlines the logistics processes, improves the order fulfillment, and enhances the overall warehouse efficiency in apparel and footwear industry.
82. How SAP AFS handle integration of financial processes?
SAP AFS integrates seamlessly with the financial modules like SAP Finance (FI). This integration ensures financial processes are aligned with the other business functions, allowing for a smooth flow of information from order processing to invoicing and accounting. It facilitates an accurate financial reporting and compliance.
83. Explain SAP AFS Shop Floor Integration (SFI) module ?
The SAP AFS Shop Floor Integration module connects production processes with the shop floor activities by providing a real-time information exchange. It ensures production orders are seamlessly communicated to shop floor, and updates from shop floor, such as material consumption and production progress, are reflected back in system for accurate tracking.
84. Discuss SAP AFS in handling promotions and discounts inretail sector?
SAP AFS assists in managing promotions and discounts in retail sector by providing a tools for defining and executing promotional campaigns. The system supports features are price discounts, bundle offers, and promotional pricing, allowing the retailers to attract customers, drive sales, and manage pricing strategies effectively.
85. Explain Dynamic Availability Checks in SAP AFS ?
Dynamic Availability Checks in the SAP AFS assess the availability of products in the real-time, considering factors like a current stock levels, incoming shipments, and allocation rules. This ensures that order promise dates are accurate and helps to prevent overcommitting inventory. Dynamic Availability Checks contribute to be reliable order fulfillment and customer satisfaction.
86. Explain SAP AFS in managing multi-level bills of materials?
SAP AFS supports the multi-level bills of materials (BOMs) to manage the complex product structures with the various components and sub-assemblies. This is particularly important in industries with the intricate product configurations, like fashion. The system ensures the accurate representation and management of product structures at a different levels.
87. Explain SAP AFS Substitution ?
SAP AFS Substitution allows the businesses to replace unavailable products with the suitable alternatives automatically. It helps in managing product availability challenges by ensuring that a customer orders can be fulfilled even when originally requested products are not in stock. This contributes to maintaining a customer satisfaction and preventing order cancellations.
88. Explain SAP AFS in managing vendor collaborations and partnerships ?
SAP AFS facilitates a vendor collaborations by providing a tools for managing sourcing processes, purchase orders, and supplier relationships. The system streamlines communication with the vendors, ensures timely procurement of a raw materials, and supports collaborative processes to be enhance supply chain efficiency.
89. Explain SAP AFS integration with Advanced Shipping Notification processes ?
SAP AFS integrates with the Advanced Shipping Notification processes to provide a real-time visibility into incoming shipments. This integration allows businesses to the receive advance information about expected deliveries, enabling a better planning, inventory management, and timely communication with stakeholders.
90. Explain SAP AFS integration with Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) ?
SAP AFS integrates with Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) for an electronic communication with trading partners. This integration allows for exchange of business documents, like purchase orders and invoices, in standardized format. It streamlines a communication, reduces manual data entry, and enhances efficiency in the trading partner relationships.