Microservices vs SOA | Know Their Differences and Which Should You Learn?
Last updated on 27th Dec 2021, Blog, General
To put it simply, service-oriented architecture (SOA) has an enterprise scope, while the microservices architecture has an application scope. Many of the core principles of each approach become incompatible when you neglect this difference.
- What is SOA?
- What is Microservices?
- What is SOA Architecture?
- What is a Microservice Architecture?
- Features of SOA & Microservices
- Microservices vs SOA: What’s the Difference?
- Advantages of SOA & Microservices
- Disadvantage of SOA & Microservices
- Which Architecture is Better?
What is the meaning of SOA?
SOA stands for “Service-Oriented Architecture.” It is an architectural style and approach to software design that promotes the concept of creating applications by using loosely coupled, interoperable, and reusable services. SOA is not limited to a single technology. or programming language but is a set of principles and guidelines for designing distributed systems.
Key features and concepts of SOA include:
Benefits of Microservices
Microservices offer numerous benefits to organizations and software development teams. Some of the key advantages of adopting a microservices architecture include:
Benefits of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA)
What is mean by Microservices
Microservices is a software design architectural style. where applications are structured as a collection of small, independent, and loosely coupled services. Each service represents a specific business capability and runs as a separate process, communicating with other services over a network, typically through APIs (Application Programming Interfaces).
Key characteristics of microservices:
- SOA focuses on application service reusability, while microservices focuses more on decoupling.
- SOA is monolithic in nature whereas microservices is full-stack.
- SOA applications are built to perform multiple business functions, but microservices are built to perform a single business function.
- SOA involves sharing of data storage between services whereas in microservices, each service can have independent data storage.
- SOA is designed to share resources across services whereas microservices are designed to host services that can function independently.
- In SOA architecture, DevOps and Continuous Delivery are becoming popular but not yet mainstream, while Microservices has a strong emphasis on DevOps and Continuous Delivery.
- SOA is a less scalable architecture whereas Microservices is a highly scalable architecture.