Kotlin vs Python | A Complete Guide with Best Practices

Kotlin vs Python | A Complete Guide with Best Practices

Last updated on 16th Dec 2021, Blog, General

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Nirvi (Python developer )

Nirvi is a Python developer with 7+ years of experience in the Hadoop ecosystem, Sqoop, Hive, Spark, Scala, HBase, MapReduce, and NoSQL databases, such as HBase, Cassandra, and MongoDB. She spends most of her time researching technology and startups.

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Kotlin is a statically programming language while Python is dynamic. Python is easier to learn and read than kotlin ( it would depend on your readability. They all have many built in functions ( for instance math ).

    • What is Kotlin & Python?
    • Potential Reasons to Use Kotlin vs Python
    • Features of Kotlin vs Python
    • Python Features
    • Is Kotlin Better Than Python?
    • Principles and Goals of Kotlin and Python
    • Why should you choose Python- Kotlin vs Python?
    • Kotlin vs Python performance
    • Pros and cons of Python
    • Benefits of kotlin
    • Conclusion

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      What is Kotlin & Python?

      Kotlin is an open source and is a mathematical programming language that works on JVM and works across a wide range of platforms. Language is mathematically typed if the variable type is known at the time of consolidation rather than at the time of operation. It fully works with Java, is very short and is a combination of object-oriented and functional editing features.

      Kotlin was developed by JetBrains, and its first version was released on February 15, 2016. It is used for server side development, client side development, and Android development. Now, let’s take a closer look at the benefits that Kotlin offers.

      Python is a compelling and advanced programming language created by Guido Van Rossum and released in 1991. Can be used:

    • Web development on the server side
    • Software development
    • System Writing
    • Managing big data and performing complex calculations
    • Python supports modules and packages and promotes reuse of code. The interpreter suggests something different if he finds something different. If the program does not hold a separate, the translator will print the stack track.

      Potential Reasons to Use Kotlin vs Python:

      Reason for using Kotlin

      Write a Small Code – Every developer wishes to write the smallest code they can find while achieving a goal. Kotlin allows for minimal coding and thus improves app performance.

      Easy Discovery – It is very easy to change the ongoing Android app code to Kotlin.

      Supports Active Planning – Kotlin supports active editing by allowing developers to process tasks easily and quickly.

      Full Compatibility with Java – Developers can use all Java libraries and frameworks while coding at Kotlin.

      No Runtime Overhead – Kotlin has a small library and much heavy lifting is done during compilation.

      Multi-Platform Compatibility – Kotlin not only supports Android development, but is also compatible with JavaScript and Gradle.

      Minor Error – Kotlin has no minor errors because the language itself removes a few common typing errors, in addition the chances of error are reduced when the engineer has to write a small code.

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      Reasons to use Python:

      Availability of External Company Modules – The Python package index contains third-party modules to improve interoperability with multiple languages ​​and forums.

      Extensive support libraries – Python has a large general library that includes Internet protocols, cable operations, operating system links, and web services. The most frequently used editing tasks are already written in the library which reduces unnecessary writing.

      Open Source and Community Development – Python Language is developed under an OSI-licensed licence that is free to use and distribute, including commercial purposes.

      Easy-to-use Data Structures – Python has a built-in data structure that helps build data structure at a fast pace over time.

      Production and Speed ​​- Python has an object-oriented design, testing capabilities and testing framework, all of which offer better speed and productivity.

      Features of Kotlin vs Python:

      1. Efficiency

      Kotlin may be a very low learning curve designing language. additionally, it helps the developer to make associate degree app with atiny low quantity of code. With relevance to each learning and descriptive linguistics and commitment to writing apps, Kotlin helps build things quicker. Reduce the length of the lines of code to a minimum. With code committed to writing but fifth part compared to Java, Kotlin offers the simplest opportunities to supply top quality applications.

      2. Null Safety in Kotlin

      Empty security feature is one among the foremost vital aspects of Kotlin that each humanoid developer can notice. Once encrypted in Java artificial language, each Java developer should experience NullPointerException multiple times. whereas this feature helps to watch code quality, it really slows down development speed and potency.

      The blockchain employed by this makes things troublesome throughout app launch, and developers continuously prefer to eliminate this once assembling code. within the case of Java, no null-security info has been provided.

      3. Lazy-Loading Feature

      Fast loading speed is one among the foremost vital criteria for any quality app right away. The lazy loading feature provided by Kotlin really takes care of this. If you’re victimising Kotlin for humanoid upgrades, this feature can assist you scale back app launch time. This feature really masses the first content quickly to scale back startup time whereas slowly loading alternative gratuitous things and content down the page.

      Due to this lazy loading feature, humanoid developers operating with Kotlin will merely preload the most apps and store them within the main memory to confirm quicker transfer whereas keeping some or second apps within the second memory.

      4. Extension Functions

      Extension works, conjointly referred to as General Library Services by Kotlin developers, are a crucial feature which will facilitate engineers in some ways. Once designing with Kotlin, functions that are basic to the target language are provided as extensions also.

      Although Java solely permits developers to integrate new work among associate degree existing rooms, the ever-growing category is troublesome for developers to access ready-to-use elements. In distinction, Kotlin permits U.S. to use these functions as extensions. This helps to feature new tasks swimmingly to existing categories. This feature of the extension performs individually, Kotlin’s customary Library conjointly offers a solid choice of normal functions.

      5. Collections and Distribution

      If you’re a Java developer, you ought to have a concept to method the gathering of one thing that continuously makes associate degree irreplaceable a part of the Java application development method. This is often as a result of Java objects being translated into numerous objects that are introduced through this method. This typically leads to a parallel distribution of translated material, resulting in a reversal of the whole application.

      Kotlin, as a complicated designing language, deals with this through non-convertible collections. Here, wealthy genus Apis can return mechanically as clusters are displayed with constant practicality.

      Python Features:

      1. straightforward to enter code:

      Python is a complicated artificial language. Python is way easier to be told a language compared to alternative languages ​​such as C, C #Javascript, Java, etc. it’s terribly straightforward to write code in python language and anyone will learn the fundamentals of python in hours or days. And it’s the proper language for the engineer.

      2. Free and open source:

      Python Language is offered for gratis on the official web site and you’ll be able to transfer from the provided transfer link below click the Python transfer Keyword.

      Download Python. Being associate degree open supply, this suggests that the ASCII text file is additionally publically available. therefore you’ll be able to transfer it, use it and share it.

      3. Targeted Language:

      One of the foremost vital options of python is the Object-Oriented system. Python supports object-oriented language and sophistication ideas, object encapsulation, etc.

      4. Graphical user interface Programming Support:

      Graphical User interfaces are created victimisation modules like PyQt5, PyQt4, wxPython, or Tk in python. PyQt5 may be extremely popular thanks to producing animated applications with Python.

      5. Advanced Language:

      Python is a complicated language. Once writing programs in python, we have a tendency to don’t have to bear in mind system configurations, nor can we manage memory.

      6. Expandable feature:

      Python is an associate degree protrusible Language. We will write the Python code in C or C ++ and compose that code within the C / C ++ language.

      7. Python transportable language:

      Python language is additionally a tangible language. For instance, if we’ve got a python code for windows and if we wish to use this code on alternative platforms like UNIX, Unix, and mackintosh we have a tendency to not modify it, we will use this code in any forum.

      8. Python Integrated Language:

      Python is additionally an Associate degree Integrated language as a result of which we will simply integrate frames with alternative languages ​​such as c, c ++, etc.

      9. Translated Language:

      Python may be a Translated Language as a result of the Python code being employed line by line at a time. like alternative languages ​​C, C ++, Java, etc. no got to compile python code this makes it straightforward to repair our errors. Python ASCII text file is born-again into a quick kind referred to as bytecode.

      Is Kotlin Better Than Python?

    • If you already have enough programming languages like Python, then why would you need to learn Kotlin? Sure, Python is good and popular with developers but there are situations to use where Python is not just a complete game.
    • Python is a very powerful language but it is useful to learn mathematical language. For large projects that require the strength of a mathematically typed language, Kotlin can provide that strength without the hassles such as verbose syntax.
    • Learning Kotlin will teach you more about coding. Python is not supposed to write small programs for end users but with Kotlin you can do so and find a better solution.
    • Kotlin is very popular with developers and is enriched with all the foundations that Python missed. It is not like everyone needs to stop coding in Python but having Kotlin as an additional language will help us focus on more solutions and apply situations where Python is not very good at it.

      Principles and Goals of Kotlin and Python:

      Kotlin aims to create artificial language legible, functional, secure, and interactive:

    • Learning is supported by language options like genre description, information classes, and infix functions. Such options provide short cryptography while not losing readability.
    • Pragmatism is very important as a result of Kotlin belonging to the event of a huge business software system. JetBrains use it to enhance their day. Kotlin, therefore, compiles the business response and addresses major software system development problems.
    • Security aims to forestall common software system interruptions advisedly. This is often assisted by a variety of language options like non-invasive sorts (different obstruction of idle identifiers) while shifting it to advanced practises like plus style.
    • Collaborating with Java is Kotlin’s largest business platform and also the necessary foundation for its widespread acceptance within the JVM world. The collaboration permits Kotlin and Java to be used intermittently, which incorporates the utilisation of Java libraries or frames from Kotlin. As an example, the quality Kotlin Library works with Java by re-using the Java Collections API. Similarly, it works with JavaScript within the Kotlin / JS context.

    • Python Internal Performance

      Python could be an artificial language centred on one thing like Java. Python is termed a translated language. Python uses versatile code modules rather than one long list of commands that were common in active programming languages. The foremost common python implementation is termed “cpython”. It’s an automatic implementation and widespread use of Python.

      Python doesn’t convert its code into computer code, one thing that hardware will perceive. It truly interprets it into one thing referred to as computer memory unit code. Thus within the python, merging happens, however not simply in machine language. The computer memory unit code (.pyc or .pyo) and this computer memory unit code can’t be understood by the CPU. Thus we’d like a translator referred to as a virtual python machine to create computer memory unit codes.

      Why should you choose Python- Kotlin vs Python?

      Availability of external company libraries and modules

      There are many third-party modules available in Python. So python should be easily expanded to provide additional features and functionality according to your needs. Chances are that whatever you are trying to achieve using Python, there may be a library tool available to accomplish the same task.

      Open source and community development

      Python language was designed and developed under the OSI and licensed standard. This means you are free to distribute and use the language as you wish and you need what it can be.

      Easy-to-use data structures

      Python provided developers and programmers with a built-in database of data structure and this helps to build data structure at a faster rate during operation.

      Productivity and Speed

      Python provided developers and programmers with an object-oriented design, testing skills and testing framework, all of which contribute to better prevention and productivity

      More language support is provided

      If you want to use maths or maths programs Python is the right language. Even R-language mathematical language runs on Python infrastructure easily and quickly.

      Kotlin vs Python performance:

      Performance of Kotlin Vs Python. First of all, I do not have any information about this comparison, but I think based on their construction. Jit in kotlin can speed up the algorithm by up to 30x. In this note I want to compare the performance of the following languages ​​one might argue that (apparently) c ++ is much faster and the anaconda is slower. But I think it would be nice to see some concrete numbers. Kotlin is ~ 2x slower than C ++. Kotlin with 28.3k stars on github and 3.28k forks on github seems more popular than python.

      Educational Products 2018 3 More Kotlin And Python Learning Better Ui And Performance Jetbrains Blog. Kotlin with 28.3k stars on github and 3.28k forks on github seems more popular than python. First of all, I do not have any information about this comparison, but I think based on their construction. Jit in kotlin can speed up the algorithm by up to 30x. But I think it would be nice to see some concrete numbers. Kotlin is ~ 2x slower than C ++. In this note I want to compare the performance of the following languages ​​one might argue that (apparently) c ++ is much faster and the anaconda is slower.

      Pros and cons of Python:

    • Easy to scan, read, understand, and save.
    • Provides automatic garbage pickup support.
    • Low reading curve, wonderful for displaying knowledge.
    • Python is versatile, approachable, simple, and complete.
    • Provides straightforward structure and support for giant systems.
    • Engineers will install low-level modules within the translator.
    • Developers will integrate Python with C and C ++ languages.
    • Python supports ability mode for debugging and debugging.
    • It has the power to use a range of hardware platforms.
    • Provides dynamic, high-quality knowledge varieties, and versatile sort testing.
    • Incomparable flexibility, dynamic written material, non-compliant writing.

    • Cons of Python

    • Not a decent programming language for mobile app development.
    • Python knowledge access layer is previous or not developed.
    • Python is slower than different programming languages ​​such as C and C ++.
    • It desires in depth testing as major errors and bugs are visible throughout operation solely.
    • Python’s world Interpreter Lock (GIL) doesn’t permit you to use multiple threads directly.
    • Recommended memory functions aren’t counselled as Python memory usage is extremely high.

    • Benefits of kotlin:

    • Kotlin is fast to integrate, light-weight, and forestall fat of the app.
    • Kotlin is more versatile and communicative than Java, which means fewer errors.
    • Language provides a secure, intrinsic security web that is taken into account as a life saver.
    • Incorporates program code to create bytecode usable in Java Virtual Machine.
    • Engineers will use Kotlin directly in Gradle construction materials owing to its writing skills.
    • You can produce new modules in Kotlin and allow them to work next to Java code. Compatible with all Java libraries and frameworks. It will simply integrate with sensation and Gradle building plans.
    • Engineers will cash in if the open supply project comes on GitHub, learning resources, on-line courses, books.
    • You can integrate Kotlin into any platform, together with JVM, Android, JavaScript, and native – with the framework of Kotlin Multiplatform.

    • The limitations of Kotlin

    • The comparatively little engineering community is smaller than Java. It means that the issue of finding solutions to technical issues, restricted learning resources.
    • A sharp learning curve once engineers switch to Kotlin. Its curt syntax may be a blessing and a challenge for developers.
    • Although there are several Kotlin developers out there, it’s tough to seek out associate degree practised and practised team mentor.
    • Kotlin is the most generally heralded written material language, however it produces high boilerplate volumes on the compatible JVM keyboard.

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      If you are a Python student and are interested in learning a new language that is needed in the market, it means that Kotlin is a very strong competitor. It was all about Kotlin Vs Python.

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