MOST In-DEMAND RPA Interview Questions & Answers [LATEST]

MOST In-DEMAND RPA Interview Questions & Answers [LATEST]

Last updated on 19th Jun 2020, Blog, Interview Questions

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RPA is designed to handle tasks that are rule-based, repetitive, and typically involve structured data. This can include data entry, form filling, data extraction, and other routine processes.RPA uses software robots or “bots” that can mimic human interactions with digital systems. These bots can navigate through applications, interact with user interfaces, and perform tasks just like a human operator.

1. What is RPA?


RPA is the software with the Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) capabilities to handle more-volume, a repetitive tasks are previously needed humans to be perform.

2. What are the applications of RPA? 


  • Data Entry and Migration
  • Customer Service
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Healthcare
  • Quality Assurance and Testing
  • Compliance and Reporting

3. What are RPA tools?


  • UiPath
  • Blue Prism
  • Automation Anywhere
  • Workfusion
  • Redwood

4. Explain how RPA works?


Planning : In this stage, the processes to be automated are explained  which includes the identifying test objects, finalizing implementation approach, and defining a clear roadmap for RPA implementation. 

Design and development: In this stage, start developing  an  automation workflows according to established plan.

Deployment and testing:This stage typically includes  an execution of bots. Any unexpected outages will be handled during deployment. To ensure accurate functioning, testing these bots for a bugs and errors is crucial.

Support and maintenance: Providing a constant support helps to better for identify and rectify errors. 

5. Distinguish difference between traditional automation and RPA.


Traditional Automation RPA
Often refers to a broader category of automation that includes a variety of technologies and approaches, such as scripts, macros, and workflow automation tools. Focuses specifically on automating rule-based, repetitive tasks that involve interacting with digital systems.
It may be used for a variety of activities, such as complicated business processes, IT operations, and more. RPA is best suited for activities with structured data and distinct rules since it is meant to emulate human interactions with software applications.

6. What are the three types of RPA?


  • Unattended/Autonomous RPA
  • Attended RPA
  • Hybrid RPA

7. What are front- and back-office bots?


Front office bots: Bots of whose deployment is in user’s control and require human intervention. These bots work from  a same desktop as that of the user. They can only be triggered by a local machines manually and cannot run remotely. ·      

Back office bots :These bots can run on a locked machines from orchestrator. The user may not actively involved. These bots can also be a triggered remotely by servers.

8. Explain some features of RPA.


  • Rich analytical suite
  • Simple creation of bots
  • Scriptless automation
  • Security
  • Hosting and deployment
  • Debugging

9.  What are the limitations of robotic process automation (RPA)?


  • RPA is incapable of learning from mistakes. RPA technology excels at the following instructions, but it struggles to learn on own or respond to unexpected situations.
  •  It fails to the comprehend non-electronic unstructured inputs.
  • RPA improves the workflow efficiency by replacing a human operations with automated tasks. However, it has a some restrictions in terms of types of jobs it can be used for.

10. Describe Citrix automation.


Any automation solution built using the  virtual desktop or built to work in a virtual desktops is called Citrix automation. It plays the  important role in small to large companies are  BPO and contact centers where applications are accessed remotely because of a security considerations.

11. What are the activities in UiPath?


UiPath provides a rich set of activities that empower users to automate a wide range of tasks in their workflows. These activities cover diverse aspects of automation, including user interface interaction, data manipulation, control flow, file handling, and integration with various applications.

12. Explain sequence in UiPath.


A sequence is the  simple linear representation that flows from a top to bottom and explains which activities will be performed. 

13. Define scraping in UiPath.


In UiPath, scraping refers to extracting structured data from a website or an application. It is a crucial capability for automating tasks that involve data retrieval from web pages. UiPath provides powerful scraping tools and activities to automate the extraction of information in a structured and organized manner.

14. What is UiPath studio?


UiPath Studio is the primary development environment provided by UiPath for designing, building, and managing automation workflows. It is a visual and intuitive integrated development environment (IDE) that empowers users, including both developers and non-developers, to create automation projects through a graphical interface.

15. What are UiPath robots?


UiPath robots run automated task create with the UiPath studio. There are the two types of robots: 

Attended robots: They work with to speed up a  service desk and help desk, and are used for the activities where human involvement is key.

Unattended Robots: These operate without a human touch, maximizing cost savings and performance for the  wide variety of back-office tasks.

16. What steps that one should follow before implementing the RPA?


  • Identify the automation opportunities.
  • Select a suitable processes.
  • Develop the  business case.
  • Find the  popular RPA vendor.
  • Model RPA development.
  • Start the building RPA bots.

17. How is exception handling done in UiPath? 


Exception handling is one of  an  error-handling methods in UiPath. The error-handling activity offers  the four options:

Rethrow : By using this activity, the robot throws an exception that caught previously while executing a  workflow. For this activity, don’t need to provide any specified message.

Terminate Workflow: This is the  mechanism where ask the robot to terminate activities. This activity is mostly used when there is a no data to process. To use it, may need to provide  an  exception message so the bot can log in error log file. It can then be referred by a  developer/business to get a more details about the run.

Throw: A mechanism wherein if bot fails to execute mentioned activity, it throws an error with the  specified error message to help us to understand where the bot failed

Try Catch: This activity has a three parts. The Try block executes, and if there any errors, they would be caught in  “Catch” Section. After executing Try block, a robot will execute the “Finally” block in the any condition.

18. What are the breakpoints in UiPath?


In UiPath Studio, breakpoints are markers set within your automation project to pause the execution at a specific point during runtime. They are useful for debugging and troubleshooting your workflow. By placing breakpoints strategically, you can inspect variables, step through the execution, and identify issues in your automation process.

19. What is macro-recorder?


A macro-recorder enables to record mouse and keyboard activities to generate an  automation scripts. The activities are arranged based on a  sequence of actions being performed on screen. This sequence is saved in the  workflow, which can use later to play back recorded actions.

Macro Recorder

20.  What are user events in UiPath?


On Click Element: Monitors a click events on the  specified UI element. The mouse button (left, right, middle) is used for a click action. By default, left mouse button is selected

On Keypress Element: Monitors in keyboard events on the  specified UI element. Special keys are also supported, and  can select them from activity drop-down list. This field supports the only strings and string variables

On Click Image: Monitors image defined by a target UI element for mouse input 

Monitor Mouse : Monitors the  specified mouse-key combination in system-wide even

21. Explain different activities performed by UiPath.


  • Core activities: For all of automation processes.
  • Cognitive activities: For any language translations.
  • Terminal activities: For retrieving a  data from the terminal.   
  • Web activities: For performing the SOAP and HTTP requests to any web APIs.

22.  What does the control room in Automation Anywhere do?


The control room is  the web-based platform that controls Automation Anywhere. The control room deals with:

  • User management 
  • Source control
  •  Dashboard
  • License Management

23. Define bot runner.


The bot runner is a machine where can run the bot, and  could have multiple bots running in a parallel. only need the Run License to ru the bots. The bots report back execution status (logs/pass/fail) back to control room. 

24. What are task bots, meta bots, and IQ bots?


 Task Bots: These bots automate the  rule-based, repetitive task, in areas like a document administration, HR, claims management, IT services, and more.

Meta Bots: These bots can automation of building blocks. They’re designed in such way that with  the application updates or changes need to make minimal edits to bot. 

IQ Bots: These are be advanced tools. They can learn on own and perform a task accordingly. IQ Bots offer an automation using highly advanced cognitive technology.

25. Is robotic automation the same to screen scraping or macros?


Screen scraping is done by  the applications to capture screen. Depending on  information captured, can  proceed towards processing it. Robotic process automation is more capable and robust and can integrate with the  Windows applications, Java applications, or web applications. RPA does incorporate a screen scraping when dealing with an automating mainframes, but that’s just part of it does not govern RPA in  the any way.

26. What are thick and thin clients?


Thick clients: The thick client is application that requires a certain attribute features using the RPA tools (e.g., computer, calculator, Internet Explorer)

Thin clients: The thin client is application that never acquires a specific properties while using  the RPA tools. It mainly involves  an automating tasks done on a browser  are  opening the browse, navigating to a website, etc. 

27. How is a chatbot different from RPA?


A chatbot is the  bot programmed to chat with a user like human being, while a robotic process automation is the  bot programmed to automate a manual business process of executing the task or an activity within the  business function. A chatbot can be used as the medium to feed input to a  RPA bot, but it cannot replicate features of an RPA system.

28.  What is the Process Studio in RPA?


The interface that makes it possible to create an automated business workflow is called the Process Studio. It makes use of control loops, variables, business logic, and more to be tested in the visible business flow and sequenced. The logic of a software robot is essentially implemented. 

29. Why is RPA world’s fastest-growing enterprise software?


  •  Return on  investment is fastand big (ROI).
  •  It increases an employee productivity by diverting them from a monotonous duties and allowing them to focus on a more productive, revenue-generating jobs.
  • Software bots are far much  accurate and have a higher throughput than humans.
  • It has low-code build environment. RPA tools have drag-and-drop feature that can be used to be  automate tasks. Code may easily dragged and dropped.

30. Is it possible to automate any business function with RPA?


RPA isn’t in charge of all the business process automation. RPA is ideal for a business processes that entail a repeating procedures based on the  business principles. RPA is not appropriate for process that makes a decisions based on scenarios and does reasoning.

31. What tasks that should be taken prior to deploying RPA?


  • Identify a scope for automation.
  • Choose the appropriate procedures.
  • Make business case for yourself.
  • Look for well-known RPA provider.
  • Development of model RPA.
  • Begin developing of RPA bots.

32.  Explain the RPA lifecycle.


Identification: RPA strategists and architects work with the business teams to explain a business process for a RPA development. The development is done in agile and customizable manner.
Analysis: The requirements of client’s processes are analysed and identified by the Process Architect. The degree of automation is find by this study and process’s complexity.
Design: Process and Technical Architects generate a PDDs (Process Definition Documents) based on the requirement analysis, which describes an information for each step in every process.
Development: Developers generate an automation scripts and codes with aid of specified RPA tools (UiPath, Blue Prism, etc.) and technologies, as well as a reference of Process Design Document (PDD), during development process/phase.
Testing: The testing team, which includes the QA as part of standard Systems Development Life Cycle, conducts a post-development phase testing.
Implementation: Unit testing should be carried out once all of components have been assembled.

33. What are logs?


Logs are the time-stamped files that contain a application-related information, error, and warning messages.

34. Explain different types of logs.


  • Default logs
  • Execution start
  • Execution end
  • Transaction start
  • Transaction end
  • Error log

35. What is screen scraping handled by RPA? 


Screen scraping is the  essential part of the RPA toolbox. It enables to collect bitmap data from a screen and compare it to information stored on computer.

36. What are the advantages of scraping the screen?


  • It works on the application that is inaccessible even with use of UI frameworks.
  • Test digitization is available using the optical characters.
  • It’s easy to use and more accurate.

37. What are front-office and back-office bots?


 Front office bots: These are bots whose deployment is controlled by a  user and which require human intervention. These bots operate from same computer as the user. They can only be manually activated from a local devices and cannot be operated remotely.

Back office bots: The orchestrator can run these bots on a closed machines. It’s possible that user isn’t actively engaging. Servers can also activate these bots remotely.

38. How will you perform RPA Source Code Management?


The backbone of an every software development is a source code management. To manage code, a variety of VCS (Version Control Systems) are employed. VCS not only aids in management of source code but also aids in delivery of new code. Before  begin coding, make sure VCSs are correctly established in RPA control room. In the event of system failure, version control systems can also aid in a  recovery of a  code.

39. What are the various RPA Solution Architecture components?


  • RPA Tool – RPA Platform
  • Infrastructure for RPA Execution
  • Configuration Management
  • Other Considerations

40. Distinguishes chatbot from RPA.


Chatbot RPA
A chatbot is designed for conversational interactions with users. RPA involves the use of software robots to automate repetitive, rule-based tasks within business processes.
Chatbots are commonly used in customer service, providing information, answering queries, or even facilitating transactions through a chat interface. It’s more about automating specific tasks or processes to increase efficiency and reduce manual effort.

41. Explain the thoughts on RPA’s process recorder.


Robotic Process Automation (RPA) offers  the  variety of solutions for automating a variety of a business processes. The process recorder is the  feature that most tools have. A process recorder records human actions throughout  an execution of a business process or any other digital operation connected to business. It is utilised to automate a  process based on the actions that have been recorded. It is a more precise and faster than humans in the comparison.

42. Explain the role of RPA in Data Migration.


Extract Design: A well-defined method for  an  extraction, storage, and verification of data is required.

Transform: A migration design must specify how a data will be converted in order to achieve desired data structure.

Load: The specifics of how extracted, converted and mapped data is mapped into a target structure must be established.

43. What are the reasons lead to the failure of RPA projects?


  • Failing to realize how a dynamic RPA process  
  •  RPA failing to receive the instructions or memos 
  •  Unclear definition of RPA’s use strategy
  • Setting business expectations that aren’t realistic
  • Choosing the wrong automation methodology

44. How will use your RPA tool to update data in both the  applications at same time?


The RPA tool is programmed to navigate through the user interfaces of both applications, extracting relevant information, and updating the corresponding data fields with precision and accuracy. The speed at which it can complete these activities because to its capacity to simulate human interactions greatly reduces the time and effort needed for manual data entry.

45. Can you describe the procedures in RPA process for calling Web/ Rest Services?


The many sorts of logs frequently utilised in RPA are listed below:

The UiPath WebAPI tool uses  HTTP Request Wizard to manipulate a REST API and can produce results in minutes. In less than minute, can set up REST Automation with  the UiPath’s Request Builder Wizard. This allows to configure the service’s endpoint URL. Filling in parameter names and values makes setting up a parameters simple. The process also gives  the option of uploading an attachment and setting up  an advanced authentication if necessary.

46. What are the key benefits of implementing RPA in an organization?


  • Improved Efficiency: RPA bots can perform tasks 24/7 without breaks or errors, leading to increased operational efficiency.
  • Cost Reduction: RPA reduces labor costs associated with repetitive tasks and can lead to significant cost savings.
  • Accuracy: Bots perform tasks with high accuracy, reducing the risk of human errors.
  • Scalability: RPA can easily scale to handle increased workloads without adding more human resources.

47. Explain the types of  license in Automation Anywhere.


  • Bot Creator License
  • Bot Runner License
  • Bot Farm License
  • Control Room License
  • IQ Bot License

48.  Explain Surface vs Connector-Based Automation in RPA.


Surface Automation: Surface Automation occurs when Robot does a task by mimicking or using a keyboard, mouse, or clipboard, but without connecting directly to application (particularly using  an available connectors).

Connector-Based Automation: Most applications have a explained  way to connect to every RPA product. Essentially, a product firms have created connections to handle external applications as efficiently as possible. Most of time, these interfaces are adequate for a Robots to connect to external apps and do the needed duties.

49. Does Blue Prism need Coding?


No, the Blue prism is code-free and can automate and software. This digital workforce should be applied to an automate the process in any department where a cclerical or administrative work is performed across organization.

50. What are the major phases of RPA life cycle?


  • Discovery Phase
  • Solution Design Phase
  • Development Phase
  • UAT (User Acceptance Test)
  • Deployment and Maintenance Phase
  • Execute Bots

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