35+ [FREQUENTLY ASKED]: Uipath Interview Questions & Answers

35+ [FREQUENTLY ASKED]: Uipath Interview Questions & Answers

Last updated on 16th Jun 2020, Blog, Interview Questions

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UIPath is a continuously varying field that needs students and professionals to upgrade their skills with the new features and knowledge to get fit for the jobs associated with UIPath. This post related to UIPath Interview Questions and Answers, UIPath Interview Questions and Answers Freshers, UIPath Interview Questions and Answers, and UIPath Interview Questions will help you find all the solutions frequently asked in your upcoming UI Path interview.

With thousands of vacancies available for UI Path developers, experts must be acquainted with all the components of UI Path technologies. This is necessary for the students to have in-depth knowledge of the subject for better employment opportunities. Knowing every little detail about UI Path is the best approach to solving the problems linked with the situation. This list of 100 UI Path interview questions and answers can be your next gateway to your next job as a UI Path expert.

1. What is RPA?

Ans:

UiPath is a leading Robotic Process Automation (RPA) tool that automates repetitive tasks and processes in various industries.

2. Explain the concept of RPA.

Ans:

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is the technology that uses software robots or “bots” to automate rule-based tasks and processes, enhancing efficiency and reducing human effort.

3. Differentiate between attended and unattended robots in UiPath.

Ans:

Attended robots work alongside human users and require human intervention, while unattended robots can work autonomously without human supervision.

4. Define the term “workflow” in UiPath.

Ans:

In UiPath, a workflow refers to a collection of activities and actions organized to accomplish a specific task or automate a particular process. It encompasses the sequence of steps needed to achieve an objective, combining different activities like data manipulation, interactions with applications, decision-making, and more. Workflows promote modular design, reusability, and efficient automation development.

5. What is a sequence in UiPath?

Ans:

A sequence in UiPath is a fundamental control flow structure that groups activities in a linear order. It represents a series of actions executed sequentially, making it an essential building block for defining automation workflows. Sequences enhance organization, readability, and reusability by encapsulating a set of related tasks within a structured and logical framework.

6. Explain the purpose of variables in UiPath.

Ans:

Variables are used to store and manipulate data during the execution of a workflow. They help in making workflows dynamic and adaptable.

7. How do you create and manage variables in UiPath? 

Ans:

Variables can be created using the “Variables” panel in UiPath Studio. They can store different types of data such as text, numbers, and Boolean values.

8. What is UiPath Studio?

Ans:

UiPath Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) where you design and develop automation workflows.

9. Describe the purpose of the Activities Panel in UiPath Studio. 

Ans:

The Activities Panel contains a variety of activities that can be dragged and dropped onto the workflow canvas to perform specific actions.

10. How can you extract data from a web page using UiPath?

Ans:

Use the “Open Browser” Activity: Begin by using the “Open Browser” activity to launch a web browser and navigate to the desired web page.

  • Use Data Scraping Wizard: For structured data extraction, employ the Data Scraping Wizard. It can be accessed through the “Data Scraping” option available in the “Extract Structured Data” activity. This wizard allows you to select the data elements you want to extract by clicking on them and configuring the data structure.
  • Refine Data Selection: After using the Data Scraping Wizard, UiPath generates an extraction pattern. You can further refine this pattern by modifying selectors, handling pagination, or making adjustments in case the data is spread across multiple pages.
  • Looping and Extraction: If you need to extract data from multiple pages, incorporate looping mechanisms like the “While” or “For Each” activities to iterate through pages. Adjust selectors dynamically to target elements on different pages.
  • Element Activities for Unstructured Data: If the data is unstructured or needs interactions (e.g., clicking buttons), use UiPath’s element activities (like “Click,” “Type Into,” etc.) to navigate the page and gather data.

11. What are the basic differences between UiPath and Automation Anywhere?

Ans:

Features Uipath Automation Anywhere
Learning Visual design Basic developer
Reusability Code Reusability Code Reusability
Cognitive Capability Not so cognitive Moderately cognitive
Reliability Moderately reliable Highly reliable
Robots FullStack robots Full Stack Robots
Operational Scalability Scalability recommended for small projects only Highly scalable for small and mediums
Process Designer Visual process designer tool Scripting is done to design process
Architecture Web-based integration The architecture includes client and server
Access Supports browser and mobile app. Supports access through app only
Pricing Aggressive, attractive entry-level pricing The higher cost of deployment

12. Explain the use of selectors in UiPath.

Ans:

 Selectors are used to identify and interact with UI elements in applications. They are XML-based and help in automating user interactions.

13. What is a “Delay” activity in UiPath used for? 

Ans:

The “Delay” activity in UiPath is used to introduce a pause or wait period during an automation process. It is used to simulate human-like pauses between steps, accommodate system response times, or synchronize actions in cases where timing is important. This helps avoid errors caused by rapid or untimely interactions and ensures smoother automation execution.

14. How do you use the “If” condition in UiPath?

Ans:

The “If” activity is used to create conditional branches in a workflow based on specified conditions.

 15.  Describe the role of the “Invoke Workflow” activity.

Ans:

The “Invoke Workflow” activity allows you to reuse and call other workflows within the current workflow.

16. How can you debug a workflow in UiPath? 

Ans:

You can use the debugging features in UiPath Studio, such as breakpoints and step-through execution, to identify and fix issues in a workflow.

17. How do you read data from an Excel file using UiPath? 

Ans:

The “Read Range” activity is used to read data from an Excel file into a DataTable variable.

18.  Explain the concept of data scraping in UiPath. 

Ans:

Data scraping is the process of extracting structured data from websites, PDFs, or other sources into a tabular format.

19. What is the purpose of the “Write CSV” activity? 

Ans:

The “Write CSV” activity is a feature commonly found in Robotic Process Automation (RPA) platforms like UiPath. Its purpose is to enable software robots (bots) to create or update Comma-Separated Values (CSV) files. CSV files are a popular format for storing tabular data, where each line represents a row of data and each value within a row is separated by a comma.

20. How can you automate email sending using UiPath?

Ans:

UiPath provides activities for interacting with email applications such as Outlook and Gmail to automate sending and receiving emails.

21.  Describe the steps to automate a process involving web automation

Ans:

Web automation involves activities like opening a browser, navigating to a web page, interacting with elements, and extracting data.

22. How do you handle exceptions in UiPath?

Ans:

 Exceptions are handled using Try-Catch blocks in UiPath. The “Try” section contains the activities to be executed, and the “Catch” section handles any exceptions that occur.

23. What is the “Retry Scope” activity used for? 

Ans:

The “Retry Scope” activity allows you to retry a specific sequence of activities a defined number of times in case of failures.

 24. Explain the difference between “Read Text File” and “Read PDF Text” activities.

Ans:

“Read Text File” is an RPA activity that reads the content of plain text files, extracting their textual data for further processing. “Read PDF Text” is specifically designed to extract text from PDF files, which might contain complex formatting and structures, converting the content into machine-readable text, making it suitable for automation tasks.

25. How does Orchestrator manage robots?

Ans:

UiPath Orchestrator manages robots by provisioning, configuring, and scheduling their tasks, while monitoring performance and logging activities. It enforces security through access controls, manages task queues, and facilitates scalability for efficient workload distribution. The platform ensures streamlined RPA management with insights, control, and optimization capabilities.

26. Describe the purpose of the Assets feature in UiPath Orchestrator. 

Ans:

UiPath Orchestrator manages robots by provisioning, configuring, and scheduling their tasks, while monitoring performance and logging activities. It enforces security through access controls, manages task queues, and facilitates scalability for efficient workload distribution. The platform ensures streamlined RPA management with insights, control, and optimization capabilities.

27. How can you schedule a process using UiPath Orchestrator?

Ans:

To schedule a process using UiPath Orchestrator, navigate to the Jobs section, create a new job or edit an existing one, specify the process, desired schedule, and trigger conditions, then save and publish the schedule for automated execution of the process as per the defined settings.

28. What is the benefit of using queues in UiPath Orchestrator? 

Ans:

Using queues in UiPath Orchestrator offers the benefit of managing and distributing work items to robots efficiently, ensuring ordered execution, handling exceptions, and enabling easy monitoring, retries, and load balancing, ultimately enhancing the stability and scalability of automation processes.

 29. Types of recordings available in Uipath?

Ans:

  • Desktop Recording
  • Web Recording
  • UIAutomation Recording
  • Image Recording
  • Screen Scraping
  • Data Scraping
  • Smart Recorder

30. Explain the concept of High-Density Robots in UiPath.

Ans:

High-density robots in UiPath refer to a feature that allows multiple user sessions to share a single Windows Server machine. This optimizes resource utilization and enables multiple robots to run on the same server simultaneously, increasing efficiency and reducing infrastructure costs.       

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31. How do you manage robot licenses in Orchestrator?

Ans:

Robot licenses can be allocated, activated, and managed from the “Licenses” page in Orchestrator.

32. Describe the role of the “Jobs” section in Orchestrator.

Ans:

The “Jobs” section displays information about the status of robot executions and allows you to monitor and manage them.

33. What is REFramework, and how is it used in UiPath? 

Ans:

 REFramework (Robotic Enterprise Framework) is a template designed by UiPath for building robust and scalable automation projects with built-in error handling and logging.

34. Explain the concept of state machines in UiPath. 

Ans:

A state machine is a design pattern that enables you to model different states and transitions of a process, making workflows more modular and manageable.

35. How can you work with credentials securely in UiPath? 

Ans:

UiPath provides the “Get Secure Credential” and “Set Secure Credential” activities to securely manage and use credentials.

36. Describe the use of the “Get Transaction Item” activity.

Ans:

The “Get Transaction Item” activity is used to retrieve items from a queue in Orchestrator and process them in an automation workflow.

 37.  How do you integrate UiPath with other applications using APIs? 

Ans:

UiPath provides activities for making API calls, enabling you to interact with other applications and systems.

38. What is the difference between “Write Line” and “Log Message” activities?

Ans:

 “Write Line” displays messages in the Output panel of UiPath Studio, while “Log Message” adds messages to the Execution Log for better tracking and debugging.

 39. How do you encrypt sensitive data in UiPath? 

Ans:

Sensitive data can be encrypted using the “SecureString” data type and securely stored as an asset in UiPath Orchestrator.

40.  Explain the process of deploying a bot to a production environment.

Ans:

Deploying a bot involves publishing the automation project, managing packages, and configuring the execution environment in Orchestrator.

41. What are the security best practices in UiPath? 

Ans:

Security best practices include using secure credentials, encrypting sensitive data, following least privilege principles, and securing access to Orchestrator.

42.  Describe the steps to version control your workflows in UiPath.

Ans:

Version control can be implemented using tools like Git. It involves creating branches, committing changes, and merging updates to maintain a history of changes.

43. How can you restrict access to specific assets in Orchestrator? 

Ans:

Access to assets can be controlled by setting appropriate permissions for users and roles in Orchestrator.

44. What is the purpose of the “Anchor Base” activity? 

Ans:

The “Anchor Base” activity is used to ensure accurate interaction with UI elements by anchoring them to a reference element.

45. How do you handle dynamic selectors in UiPath? 

Ans:

You can use wildcards and variables in selectors to make them dynamic and adaptable to changes in the application’s structure.

46. Explain the difference between UiPath and Blue Prism.

Ans:

Both are RPA tools, but UiPath is known for its user-friendly interface and ease of use, while Blue Prism focuses on providing a secure and scalable automation platform.

47. Describe the concept of “Screen Scraping” in UiPath.

Ans:

Screen scraping involves extracting information from applications or interfaces that don’t provide APIs, often used for automating legacy systems.

48. What is the purpose of the UiPath Marketplace? 

Ans:

The UiPath Marketplace is a platform where developers can share and find reusable automation components, templates, and workflows.

49. How do you automate processes that involve multiple applications? 

Ans:

UiPath provides activities to automate interactions between different applications, like using “Type Into” and “Click” activities to simulate user actions.

50.  Explain the role of UiPath in business process optimization. 

Ans:

UiPath optimizes business processes by automating repetitive tasks, reducing errors, enhancing efficiency, and allowing employees to focus on higher-value work.

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 51. How can you handle pop-up windows during automation? 

Ans:

Pop-up windows can be handled using activities like “Element Exists,” “Click,” and “Type Into,” based on their selectors.

52. Describe the concept of “attended automation” and provide an example.

Ans:

Attended automation involves human collaboration with robots to complete tasks more efficiently. For example, a robot could assist a customer service representative by suggesting responses based on historical data.

53. How can UiPath be applied in the healthcare sector? 

Ans:

UiPath can automate patient data entry, appointment scheduling, claims processing, and data extraction from medical records.

54. Describe a use case of UiPath in the finance industry.

Ans:

UiPath can automate tasks such as invoice processing, account reconciliation, fraud detection, and compliance reporting in the finance sector.

55. Explain how UiPath can be beneficial for supply chain management. 

Ans:

UiPath can automate tasks like order processing, inventory tracking, shipment monitoring, and supplier communication to optimize supply chain operations.

56. Provide an example of UiPath implementation in customer service. 

Ans:

UiPath can automate responses to customer queries, update CRM systems, and process refund requests to streamline customer service processes.

57. Difference between Excel & Workbook activity?

Ans:

UiPath can automate responses to customer queries, update CRM systems, and process refund requests to streamline customer service processes.

 58. How is UiPath used in the manufacturing sector? 

Ans:

UiPath can automate tasks like data entry, inventory tracking, production scheduling, and quality control checks in manufacturing environments.

59. How many ways to read columns of Excel through Uipath?

Ans:

There are lots of ways to get the column value. There is Get row item activity through that activity. You can get all data from the proper column.

60. Describe a scenario where UiPath is used for data migration.

Ans:

UiPath can automate the migration of data from legacy systems to new applications, ensuring accurate and efficient data transfer.

61. How can UiPath be applied in the healthcare sector? 

Ans:

UiPath can automate patient data entry, appointment scheduling, claims processing, and data extraction from medical records.

 62. Describe a use case of UiPath in the finance industry. 

Ans:

UiPath can automate tasks such as invoice processing, account reconciliation, fraud detection, and compliance reporting in the finance sector.

63. Explain how UiPath can be beneficial for supply chain management.

Ans:

UiPath can automate tasks like order processing, inventory tracking, shipment monitoring, and supplier communication to optimize supply chain operations.

64. Provide an example of UiPath implementation in customer service.

Ans:

UiPath can automate responses to customer queries, update CRM systems, and process refund requests to streamline customer service processes.

65. How is UiPath used in the manufacturing sector? 

Ans:

UiPath can automate tasks like data entry, inventory tracking, production scheduling, and quality control checks in manufacturing environments.

66. Your organization wants to implement UiPath across multiple departments. How would you design the automation architecture to ensure scalability and easy management?

Ans:

I would recommend setting up a centralized Orchestrator instance, defining separate environments for each department, and managing robots, assets, and processes using Orchestrator’s role-based access control.

67.  You’re automating a process that requires interacting with a desktop application. What activities and strategies would you use to achieve this in UiPath?

Ans:

I would use UiPath’s desktop automation activities, such as “Click,” “Type Into,” and “Get Text,” and ensure proper selector management to interact with UI elements in the application.

68. Describe a scenario where UiPath is used for data migration.

Ans:

 UiPath can automate the migration of data from legacy systems to new applications, ensuring accurate and efficient data transfer.

69. A process you’re automating involves working with unstructured data. How would you handle this situation using UiPath?

Ans:

I would use UiPath’s AI capabilities, such as the “Document Understanding” framework, to extract and process unstructured data from documents like PDFs or invoices.

70. What do you mean by the term Information Collection in RPA?

In the context of Robotic Process Automation (RPA), “Information Collection” refers to the process of gathering data or information from various sources or systems, typically in a structured and automated manner, using RPA bots. RPA is a technology that uses software robots or bots to mimic human actions and interactions with digital systems. Information collection is one of the fundamental tasks that RPA bots are designed to perform.

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