Get Build and Release Engineer Interview Questions [ TO GET HIRED ]

Get Build and Release Engineer Interview Questions [ TO GET HIRED ]

Last updated on 10th Nov 2021, Blog, Interview Questions

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Smita Jhingran (SCM Process Specialist II )

Smita Jhingran has expertise in Sage X3, Oracle ERP Cloud, SAP S/4HANA, and Microsoft D365 ERP processes. She has worked with ERP, CRM, SCM, BPR, NetSuite ERP, Odoo, Sage Intacct, MRP, and BPM for more than 6 years.

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If you are preparing for Get Build and Release Engineer Interview, then you are at the right place. Today, we will cover some mostly asked Get Build and Release Engineer Interview Questions, which will boost your confidence. Get Build and Release Engineer Sites. Rapidly create, deploy, and manage a network of web properties, while delegating individual website management with Get Build and Release Engineer Sites. Therefore, Get Build and Release Engineer professionals need to encounter interview questions on Get Build and Release Engineer for different enterprise Get Build and Release Engineer job roles. The following discussion offers an overview of different categories of interview questions related to Get Build and Release Engineer to help aspiring enterprise Get Build and Release Engineer Professionals.

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    1. What do you know about Software Configuration Management?


      Software configuration management (SCM or S/W CM) is the task of tracking and controlling changes in the software, part of the larger cross-disciplinary field of configuration management. SCM practices include revision control and the establishment of baselines.

    2. What are the goals of SCM? Why do we use Software Configuration Management?


      We can achieve various goals using SCM, they are:

      Configuration identification – Identifying configurations, configuration items, and baselines.

      Configuration control – Implementing a controlled change process. This is usually achieved by setting up a change control board whose primary function is to approve or reject all change requests that are sent against any baseline.

      Configuration status accounting – Recording and reporting all the necessary information on the status of the development process.

      Configuration auditing – Ensuring that configurations contain all their intended parts and are sound with respect to their specifying documents, including requirements, architectural specifications and user manuals.

      Build management – Managing the process and tools used for builds.

      Process management – Ensuring adherence to the organization’s development process.

      Environment management – Managing the software and hardware that host the system.

      Teamwork – Facilitate team interactions related to the process.

      Defect tracking – Making sure every defect has traceability back to the source.

    3.Why do we need Software Configuration Management?


      Configuration Management focuses on establishing and maintaining the consistency of a system or product throughout its lifetime. CM is a collection of competencies, techniques, and tools whose purpose is to ensure the consistency of the system’s requirements, functional attributes, and physical properties

    4. What are the advantages of Software Configuration Management?


      The advantages of software configuration management (SCM) are:

    • It reduces redundant work
    • It effectively manages simultaneous updates
    • It avoids configuration-related problems
    • It simplifies coordination between team members
    • It is helpful in tracking defects
    • Continuous Integration (CI) is the process of auto

    5. What is Continuous Integration?


      Mating the build and testing of code every time a team member commits changes to version control.

    6. What are the configuration management tools?


      There are various configuration management tools available in the market but the main CM tools are:

    • Chef – Chef is one of the most popular SCM tools. It is basically a framework for infrastructure development. It provides support and packages for framing one’s infrastructure as code.
    • Puppet – Puppet was first introduced in 2005 as an open-source configuration management tool. It is written in Ruby. This CM system allows defining the state of the IT infrastructure, and then automatically enforces the correct state.
    • CFEngine – CFEngine is one of the most popular open-source and fully distributed CM systems and provides automated configuration compute resources. Ansible – Ansible is an open-source platform for CM, orchestration and deployment of computing resources.
    • Juju – Juju is an open-source configuration management and orchestration management tool. It enables applications to be deployed, integrated and scaled on various types of cloud platforms faster and more efficiently.
    • SaltStack – SaltStack is an open-source multitasking CM and remote execution tool. It has a Python-based approach to represent infrastructure as a code philosophy.
    • Vagrant – Vagrant is an open-source CM tool for building and managing easy-to-configure, reproducible and portable virtual development environments.

    • Docker – Since launching back in 2013, this industry newbie has taken the DevOps and software development world by storm. The key to Docker’s success is its lightweight containerization technology.
    • Rudder – Rudder is an open-source CM tool for managing IT infrastructures. It is written in Scala and works on top of the CFEngine.

    7. What are different version control tools?


      Version control tools are a great way to enable collaboration, maintain versions, and track changes across the team. CVS, SVN, or Subversion, GIT, Mercurial, and Bazaar.

    8. What are different continuous tools?


    • There are many Continuous Integration tools out there in the market. You have to choose the best one as per your project requirements.
    • Jenkins is a cross-platform CI tool and it offers configuration both through GUI interface and console commands.
    • TeamCity is the mature CI server, coming from the labs of the JetBrains company.
    • Travis CI is one of the oldest hosted solutions out there and it has won the trust of many people.
    • Go is the newest Cruise Control incarnation from the ThoughtWorks company.
    • Atlassian Bamboo – Modern and fast cloud CI tool integrated into Bitbucket.
    • GitLab CI is fully integrated with GitLab and it can easily hook projects using the GitLab API.
    • CircleCI Flexible cloud CI tool that offers parallelization up to 16x.
    • CODESHIP – Powerful hosted solution with docker support, flexible plans suited both for small teams and enterprises alike.
    • CODEFRESH – Easy to use tool with Docker containers at its core and a very nice feature of launching the built Docker images to the hosted environment.

    9. What is meant by build automation?


      Build automation is the process of automating the creation of a software build and the associated processes including compiling computer source code into binary code, packaging binary code, and running automated tests.

    10. What is the site’s reliability?


    Site's reliability
    Site’s reliability

    11. What are the different build automation tools?


      There are many Build tools available in the market they are: Maven, Hudson, Gradle, SBT, and Rake.

    12. How is Settings.xml different from pom.xml?


      Settings.xml is your user preferences. It lives in your main Maven directory (usually $HOME/.m2) and holds your own settings, like listings for non-public repositories, usernames, and other personalized configuration. pom.xml is the control file for each Maven project or module. It tells Maven which dependencies the project needs, what processing to apply to build it, and how to package it when it’s ready. The POM is part of the project itself, and so information that’s necessary to build the project (such as listing which plug-ins to use when building) should go there.

    13. How do you incorporate the SNAPSHOT version into Maven?


      Incorporating SNAPSHOT versions into the specification.

      Resolution of dependency ranges should not resolve to a snapshot (development version) unless it is included as an explicit boundary. There is no need to compile against development code unless you are explicitly using a new feature, under which the snapshot will become the lower bound of your version specification. As releases are considered newer than the snapshot they belong to, they will be chosen over an old snapshot if found.

    14. How to add local .jar file dependency to build.gradle file?


      Adding my local .jar file dependency to my build.gradle file:

      • apply plugin: ‘java’
      • sourceSets {
      • main {
      • java {
      • srcDir ‘src/model’
      • }
      • }
      • }
      • dependencies {
      • runtime files(‘libs/mnist-tools.jar’, ‘libs/gson-2.2.4.jar’)
      • runtime fileTree(dir: ‘libs’, include: ‘*.jar’)
      • }
      • But the problem is that when I run the command: gradle build on the command line I get the following error:
      • error: package does not exist
      • import;
      • A) If you really need to take that .jar from a local directory,
      • Add next to your module gradle (Not the app gradle file):
      • repositories {
      • flatDir {
      • dirs ‘libs’
      • }
      • }
      • dependencies {
      • compile name: ‘gson-2.2.4’
      • }
      • However, being a standard .jar in an actual maven repository, why don’t you try this?
      • repositories {
      • mavenCentral()
      • }
      • dependencies {
      • compile ‘’
      • }

    15.Explain Software Configuration Management


      Software configuration management or SCM is a set of policies, processes, and tools that help in organizing the development process the right way. It helps to maintain the present state of the software, which is termed as a baseline. It even enables developers to work on new versions for fixes and features. If you don’t use SCM, it will make the source code fragmented and unorganized due to which the web development process gets impossible as, without SCM, it is impossible to break the significant pieces of the application.

    16. What is the purpose of SCM or Software configuration management?


      Software configuration management serves three essential functions.

      First, it helps to accelerate the return on investment of portal investment. It also downstream the risk and cost mitigation.

      Second, Software configuration management reduces the design gaps between SCM processes and the environment configuration process. SCM puts a direct effect on the application’s performance.

      Third, SCM maintains the consistency of a product’s functions, performance, and physical attributes in respect to its design, requirements, and operational information.

    17. Explain the tools of configuration management?


      There is a wide range of configuration management tools, and each comes with some particular features. Some of them are:


      It is an uncomplicated IT automation platform for making your systems and applications easy to set up and use. This open-source software carries out the identical command from the line of command for many servers. It does not need any agent. So, the number of servers is less. With Ansible, you can automate the work by a YAML file where “playbooks” is written. It sets up easy communication between non-technical individuals and teams. For managing the processes, you can build a central console by using Ansible along with other tools like RunDeck, Ansible Works (AWX), Jenkins, and ARA.


      It is available as both an open-source and commercial configuration management system. The primary function is to maintain a large-scale computer system and provide automated configuration.


      It is a system of integration framework which is built to bring a huge amount of benefits to configuration management in order to set up the entire infrastructure. It also works on Ruby and DSL to write the configurations.


      It is an automatic administrative engine suitable for Unix, Linux, and also Windows Systems. It performs several administrative tasks based on centralized specifications. It needs the architecture of the client-server to perform. For obtaining configuration instructions, an agent works with the server. It has many modules. The noticeable files include all the objects so that everything is run smoothly. Though by default, it works with the push model, you can configure the pull model if required.


      This is an effective form of software that helps to automate the configuration and management of the infrastructure at scale. It works on a client-server topology where the server is salt-master and the client is salt-minion. Salt state files have all the configurations to run the system easily. Salt utilizes Python modules for some particular actions and also configuration information. All of its state management activities, as well as distant execution, are handled by these modules.

    18. What Is The Difference Between Maven, Ant And Jenkins ?


      Maven and Ant are Build Technologies.Jenkins is a continuous integration tool.

    19. Explain the benefits of Software Configuration Management?


      A lot of benefits are associated with the configuration management system.


      It is the framework of a greater information management program. It is complicated for an organization to manage its business function and information as a whole. With a well-developed software configuration management, an IT developer can better assess all of the past system implementations of the business and thereby can better cater to the future business needs and changes.


      Nothing is more disappointing than an unreliable system that is down and needs to be repaired frequently. In order to run a business smoothly, a company needs reliable software configuration management to ensure that every department in the company is doing their job the right way.

      Reduction of risk and cost:

      An effective configuration management system saves a lot of money with the operation of record keeping, maintenance, checks, and balances, which help to prevent mistakes and repetition.

    20. What is build and release engineering?


    Build and release engineering
    Build and release engineering

    21. Do you know Continuous Integration?


      It is the process of automating the integration code from a wide number of contributors to a single project. The CI process contains several automatic tools that ascertain the accuracy of the new code prior to integration. The code version of the control system is the crux of the Continuous Integration process. This version is supplemented along with other checks such as syntax review tools, automated quality tests, and much more.

    22. Explain transitive dependency


      A transitive dependency is a kind of indirect connection between values that leads to functional dependency. By its nature, it requires three or even more features having functional dependency among them. It implies column A in the table depends on column B via an intermediate connection with column C.

    23. Explain cyclic dependency


      It is a kind of connection between 2 domains or even more. It gives rise to a situation where a slave domain is dependent on itself. Not only this, but a master domain also relies on one of its slave domains. The domain manager decides if there was a cyclic dependency before adding a dependency or not.

    24. What do you know about build automation?


      In the field of software development, build mainly refers to the process which converts files and other important things into a software product under the responsibility of the developers. The software product is built into a consumable form. The build includes:

    • Package compiled files into a compressed format
    • Compile the source files
    • Produce installers
    • Create and update a database scheme
    • Since this build is an automated process, when these steps are required to be repeated, it needs no human intervention directly. The best feature of it is that you can do it at any time with no previous information except what is there in the source code repository system.

    25. What are the build automation tools?


      A wide number of build automation tools are available. Let’s have a look at them –

      Jenkins: It is an open-source tool. It does the job of testing, building, and deploying software.

      Maven: It is a kind of application that provides a lot of functionalities for effective project management. It performs the functions of documentation, building, and reporting.

      Gradle: It can be used for multiple projects right from microservices to mobile applications. It is an open-source platform.

      Travis CI: It executes auto deployments during passing the builds. You can apply it to numerous cloud services.

      Bamboo: This continuous delivery tool is utilized right from deployment to coding. It performs the functions of the test, builds and deploy projects.

      Circle CI: It is a useful tool for delivery and continuous Integration. It helps to produce the build on nearly every commit.

      Teamcity: It offers a lot of ways of reusing the settings. It offers a lot of functions, including user roles.

      Apache Ant: It is used to assemble, compile, and Java applications. It helps in dependency management and combining builds.

      Buildmaster: It can be integrated with automated unit testing and also analysis tools.

      Codeship: It offers continuous deployment and integration. The fundamental plan works for common technologies.

    26. Give an idea about different version control tools


      There are different version control tools available.

      Gitlab: It comes with a lot of handy features. You can automatically deliver and test the code.

      Github: It helps to collaborate and maintain the entry history of the code changes. You can easily track the changes in code.

      Beanstalk: it is a useful option for those who prefer to work from remote places.

      Apache Subversion: It is an open-source of control system. It is a useful option for valuable data.

      Perforce: It delivers the version of control capabilities. It is a seamless team of collaboration.

      Microsoft team foundation: It is an enterprise-grade management tool that helps to manage source code.

      Mercurial: it is a useful tool for handling projects of all sizes. It is a distributed control service that provides an intuitive and simple user interface.

    27. Different continuous integration tools – explain


      There are different continuous tools available.

    • AWS codebuild
    • App Veyor
    • Bamboo
    • Azure DevOps
    • Buildkite
    • Buildbot
    • Codeship
    • CruiseControl

    28. Tell us about the Repository.


      In the realm of Information technology, a repository is a central place where an aggregate of data is maintained and kept in an organized manner, in the form of computer storage. Depending on how this term is actually used, a repository is directly accessible to a lot of users. It also refers to a place where a lot of files, databases, and documents can be obtained for further distribution and relocation of the network.

    29. Explain the nightly builds.


      It is a neutral build that occurs when no one is working in the workplace. In fact, no changes to the code take place at that time. It takes place automatically every night, and therefore, all pieces of code can be checked into source control. This is mainly used for comprehensive projects. In such types of projects, a complete rebuild of the finished product takes too much time for an individual developer to do this as part of the regular development cycle. The software which is not built regularly is complicated to release, and therefore, this is the very reason why the teams need to use nightly builds.

    30. What is the release engineer practices?


    Release engineer practices
    Release engineer practices

    31. Explain the use of command?


      In the Windows Operating System, the use of the command is a program that matches the input field on a text-based user interface with Windows graphical user interface. It is widely used to perform and execute commands of various advanced administrative programs. It is also used to troubleshoot or solve any Windows issues.

    32. Are compile and install same?


      When you are installing a program, it means you are running an application, which is called an installer. It has a script that contains a set of setup operations that initiate the program to run on a computer. On the other hand, compiling from a source has the advantage of optimizing and configuring a specific system. Therefore, it can rightly be said that they are not exactly the same.

    33.Tell us the Maven’s order of inheritance


      The Maven’s order of inheritance has four different things or components such as :

    • Parent Pom
    • Project Pom
    • Settings
    • CLI parameters
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    34. What is the difference between compile and install?


      Compile compiles the source code of the project.Install installs the package into the local repository, for use as a dependency in other projects locally.

    35. Tell us about “Jenkins.”?


      It is an open-source as well as free automation server. It helps to develop the automated software of the non-human part with facilitating technical facets of constant delivery and integration. This server-based system runs in web containers such as Apache Tomcat. Jenkins was released under the MIT License and created by KOHSUKE KAWAGUCHI. It’s free software. Jenkins are installed using native system packages such as Docker or even run standalone using any machine with installed Java Runtime Environment.

    36. If you have an SVN, what will you do with it?


      As a software developer, one can use SVN (Subversion) to maintain the historical and current versions of files such as web pages, source code, and documentation. You can change contents and files, create, delete, rename and copy directories and data and then carry out the complete set of changes as a unit.

    37. Differentiate among Maven, Jenkins, and Ant.


      MAVEN is a built automation tool. It describes how the software is developed and its dependencies. It helps in executing unit tests as a part of the normal established cycle and supports projects written in Ruby, C#.

      JENKINS is a continuous integration tool. It helps in the automated software development of the non-human part by facilitating technical aspects of constant delivery and continuous integration. Apache Ant and Apache Maven are executed using this and support version control tools like AccuRev and Git.

      ANT is a command-line tool. It drives the build process. Supporting single file execution introduced with Java II, it supports projects written in C and C++.

    38. How to schedule builds in Jenkins?


      Builds can be triggered by using source code management commits. Even after the completion of other builds, existing builds are to be triggered. Using CRON jobs, builds can be scheduled to run at a particular time, or one may choose manual requests.

    39. Jar, ear, and war – what is the difference


      Jar requires Java installation. It contains class files, resources like .java, and property files. They are to be appended to CLASSPATH- an environment variable to any java application to access from the remote package.

      Ear requires a full Java platform. The applications of the enterprise that are to be deployed in EJB containers are placed within the .ear file.

      War requires a web.xml file stored within a WEB-INF file. These files have a .war extension. The web application to be deployed on a JSP container or the servlet is too converted into .war files and is developed using the TOMCAT browser. It contains many important files required for web applications such as HTML, .js, .jsp.

    40. How to create an effective technical architecture diagram?


    Effective technical architecture
    Effective technical architecture

    41. Do you have any idea about the web sphere?


      Web Sphere is a set of tools from IBM based on Java. They let the users generate and run classy business websites. The WebSphere tool is an application server through which the user can connect website users with servlets or Java applications. Its solutions are signified for high-volume, e-commerce transactions. As a brand, it comes as packages for business firms. For example, Websphere is a business solution already containing some business applications that run in the Java Enterprise platform.

    42. Explain the process of copying Jenkins from a server to another?


    • At first, shift a task from one Jenkins installation to another by copying the corresponding task directory.
    • Create a copy of the particular task by creating a clone of a task directory under a different name.
    • Rename a directory to rename an existing task.
    • If you need to modify a task name, you must alter the other tasks that try to call the renamed task.

    43. Can the build fail? If yes, then why?


      YES, builds can fail. Builds are compiled programs and an essential part of most developers’ lives. Builds fail due to compilation errors and build breaks.

    44. Explain the procedure of deployment?


      PLAN- Assemble a team and study the environment. Design the architecture and zone structure.

      PREPARE- Configure an active directory and install the Centrify Suite.

      DEPLOY- Download the software and install agents. Join a certify zone.

      VALIDATE- Test the windows login role and verify the application rights and desktop. Check all the audited sessions.

      MANAGE- Add custom roles and delegate administrative tasks. Add group policies and agents.

    45. What Is The Best Practice Configuration Usage For Files – Pom.xml Or Settings.xml ?


      The best practice guideline between settings.xml and pom.xml is that configurations in settings.xml must be specific to the current user and that pom.xml configurations are specific to the project.

    46. How Can I Change The Default Location Of The Generated Jar When I Command “mvn Package”?


      By default, the location of the generated jar is in ${} or in your target directory. We can change this by configuring the outputDirectory of maven-jar-plugin.

    47. What is UFT framework?


      It supports different recording mode i.e. Normal, Analog and Low level which facilitates to automate different types of applications. UFT supports almost all popular automation frameworks like Linear, Keyword, Data Driven, Hybrid etc. for automation purpose.

    48. How Do I Determine Which Pom Contains Missing Transitive Dependency?


      run mvn -X

    49. What Is The Use Of !! Command ? Can I Use It With Conjunction To Some Other String To Complete A Command ?


      It’s used to execute the last command. Yes this can be used with other strings to execute new commands. For eg – if ls was the last command, We can execute !! -l for having the long listing.

    50. What is the software architecture?


    software architecture
    software architecture

    51. Which Version Control (vc) Or Software Configuration Management (scm) Systems Work With Merge?


      You can use Tortoise SVN,which has Merge Utility embedded in it.

    52. What Is A Transitive Dependency ? Can We Override Transitive Dependency Version And If Yes, How ?


      Transitive dependency is the dependencies not defined directly in the current POM but the POM of the dependent projects.

      Yes we can override transitive dependency version by specifying the dependency in the current POM.

    53. What Are The Benefits Of Transitive Dependency In Maven ?


      Transitive dependencies allows to avoid specifying the libraries that are required by the project which are specified in other dependent projects – Remote or Local.

    54. What Is A Cyclic Dependency ?


      A has dependency of B, B has dependency of C and C has dependency of A,architecture,technical lead With Maven 2 , came transitive dependency wherein in above scenario, C will acts as a dependency of A as if this dependency has been defined directly in A but the negative side is that if it leads to cyclic dependency , it creates problems.

    55. What Technologies Have You Worked With For Build Management ?


      Ant and Maven

    56. Have You Created Any Build Script Yourself ?


      Yes, I have worked on many build scripts in last few years.

    57. What is UFT and ALM?


      ALM allows integration with other HP products such as HP UFT and Hp Load Runner. HP UFT is a functional automation tool that supports automation of both windows based and web based application. It also supports multiple technologies such as . NET, Java, Siebel, SAP etc.

    58. Which Version Control System You Are Using In Your Current Project ?


      We are using SVN and GitHub.

    59. What Is Repository ?


      Repository is the heart of any version control system. It is a central place where developers store all their work. Repository not only stores files but also history. Repository is accessed over a network, with repository acting as a server and version control tool acting as a client. Client can connect to repository, and then they can store/retrieve their changes to/from repository.

    60. Why must software architects be involved in the earliest system engineer?


    software architects
    software architects

    61. What is ALM tool in testing?


      Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is the specification, design, development and testing of a software application. ALM covers the entire lifecycle from the idea conception, through to the development, testing, deployment, support and ultimately retirement of systems

    62. Which Scm Tools Jenkins Supports ?


      AccuRev, CVS, Subversion, Git, Mercurial, Perforce, Clearcase and RTC.

    63. What Are The Various Ways In Which Build Can Be Scheduled In Jenkins ?


    • Builds can be triggered by source code management commits.
    • Can be triggered after completion of other builds.
    • Can be scheduled to run at specified time ( crons )
    • Manual Build Requests

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    64. What Is A Transitive Dependency? Can We Override Transitive Dependency Version And If Yes, How?


      Transitive dependency is the dependencies not defined directly in the current POM but the POM of the dependent projects.

      Yes, we can override transitive dependency version by specifying the dependency in the current POM.

    65. What Is The Use Of !! Command? Can I Use It With Conjunction To Some Other String To Complete A Command?


      It’s used to execute the last command. Yes, this can be used with other strings to execute new commands. For eg – if ls was the last command, we can execute !! -l for having the long listing.

    66. What Factors Influence The Opening Of A Feature Branch?


      Typically, feature branches are created in cases where the new feature or enhancement has broad-sweeping changes to the code base such that introducing them in the trunk may be too disruptive. Also, feature branches may be used for prototyping or proof-of-concept for code that may never end up in trunk.

    67. What is UTF testing?


      The UTF ‘s supplies a toolbox of testing tools to ease creation and maintenance of test programs and provide a uniform error reporting mechanism. The toolbox supplied in most part in a form of macro and function declarations.

    68. What Is The Purpose Of Continuous Integration For A Development Team?


      The primary purpose of CI is to provide regular, fast feedback to developers as they commit changes to the shared code repository (VCS). The idea being that we’re always integrating our code on commit, so that when conflicts arise, they can be addressed more quickly and easily than if the changes had been made days, week, or even months ago.

    69. How Does Attenuation Happens From Jenkins To Remote Server?


      we already have password-less login enabled, so from Jenkins server any one login to the Linux server and all without asking the password the key exchange is already done.

    70. What are the methods for release engineering?


    Methods for release engineering
    Methods for release engineering

    71. What are the benefits of transitive dependency in Maven?


      Transitive dependencies allow to avoid specifying the libraries that are required by the project which are specified in other dependent projects – Remote or Local.

    72. What is a cyclic dependency?


      A has dependency of B, B has dependency of C and C has dependency of A, architecture, technical lead With Maven 2, came transitive dependency wherein in above scenario, C will act as a dependency of A as if this dependency has been defined directly in A but the negative side is that if it leads to cyclic dependency, it creates problems.

    73. What is a release management process?


      Release management refers to the process of planning, designing, scheduling, testing, deploying, and controlling software releases. It ensures that release teams efficiently deliver the applications and upgrades required by the business while maintaining the integrity of the existing production environment.

    74. What is a release checklist?


      Release management refers to the process of planning, designing, scheduling, testing, deploying, and controlling software releases. It ensures that release teams efficiently deliver the applications and upgrades required by the business while maintaining the integrity of the existing production environment.

    75.What is Jenkins?


      Jenkins is a self-contained, open-source automation server that can be used to automate all sorts of tasks related to building, testing, and delivering or deploying software. Jenkins can be installed through native system packages, Docker, or even run standalone by any machine with a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) installed.

    76. Tell me something about Continuous Integration, Continuous Delivery, and Continuous Deployment?


      Continuous Integration: A software development process where the changes made to software are integrated into the main code as and when a patch is ready so that the software will be always ready to be – built, tested, deployed, monitored – continuously.

      Continuous Delivery: This is a Software Development Process where the continuously integrated (CI) changes will be tested & deployed continuously into a specific environment, generally through a manual release process, after all the quality checks are successful.

      Continuous Deployment: A Software Development practice where the continuously integrated (CI) changes are deployed automatically into the target environment after all the quality checks are successful

    77. What are the common use cases Jenkins is used for?


      Jenkins being open-source automation can be used for any kind of software-based automation. Some of the common use-cases include but not limited to:

    • Software build jobs
    • Sanity/Smoke/CI/Regression test jobs
    • Web/Data Scraping related jobs
    • Code coverage measurement jobs
    • General-purpose automation
    • Reverse Engineering jobs
    • Key Decoding jobs & many other jobs where software automation will be applicable.

    78. What are the ways to install Jenkins?


    • Jenkins can be installed using –
    • Native System Package Manager like – apt (Linux), brew (Mac), etc.
    • Docker (popular docker images for Jenkins is available for different platforms like Unix/Mac/Windows in the docker registry)
    • Kubernetes (available as a helm chart and can be installed on our Kubernetes clusters)
    • Standalone (on any machine with a Java Runtime Environment installed

    79. When should one use Maven?


      The Maven Build Tool can be used in the following conditions:

    • When the project has a large number of dependencies. Then, using Maven, you can easily manage those dependencies.
    • When the version of a dependency changes frequently. To update dependencies, simply update the version ID in the pom file.
    • Maven makes it simple to handle continuous builds, integration, and testing.
    • When you need a quick way to generate documentation from source code, this is the tool you use. It helps in compiling source code, and then packaging it into JAR or ZIP files.

    80. What is open agile architecture?


    open agile architecture
    Open agile architecture

    81. What are the roles and responsibilities of a Build and Release Engineer?


    • Build and Release Engineer Job Description
    • Develop and Deploy Software.
    • Manage Version Control.
    • Resolve Software Issues.
    • Maintain Documentation.
    • Contribute to Continuous Delivery Cycle.

    82. What is the work of release engineer?


      Release engineers work with software engineers (SWEs) in product development and SREs to define all the steps required to release software—from how the software is stored in the source code repository, to build rules for compilation, to how testing, packaging, and deployment are conducted.

    83. What is the difference between DevOps engineer and build and release engineer?


      The main responsibility of a DevOps Engineer is to create pipelines to deliver tools and stacks for software development teams. The main responsibility of the Build and release engineers is to use automation tools, like Jenkins, Version One, or Ansible, to make building, finding bugs, and releasing the program faster.

    84. What is the role of a release manager?


      Release Manager, in DevOps, is responsible for scheduling, planning, and controlling the software’s development and delivery process. As a Release Manager, you will be responsible for handling the DevOps team to make them deliver the services on time and will manage both IT operations and developers.

    85. How do you become a build and release engineer?


      To work as a build and release engineer, you need a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related course. It will be advantageous if you have a good history in IT project management and software development. The most important skill that builds and releases engineers need is excellent technical abilities.

    86. What is the role of a build engineer in software development?


      Build and release engineers specialize in managing, documenting, and enhancing an organization’s software products and implementations. They are responsible for overseeing and ensuring timely software releases for organizations and may manage the software implementation process from development to execution

    87. How one can distinguish between build and release?


      The main difference between Build and Release in Software Testing is that Build is a version of the software the development team hands over to the testing team for testing purpose while Release is the software the testing team hands over to the customer

    88. What is the build and release process?


      Build and release management is the process of managing, planning, scheduling, and controlling a software build throughout its lifecycle. Building an application or software involves various stages. Each build has different build numbers and it is always built from a source code repository like git.

    89. What is a release management engineer?


      Release management is a relatively new but fast-growing field within software engineering. This concept is about managing, planning and scheduling software delivery all through the release lifecycle.

    90. What is a typical engineer flow?


    Typical engineer flow
    Typical engineer flow

    91. What are the best practices you use for release management?


    • Tips for Improving Your Release Management Process
    • Make sure acceptance requirements are clearly defined and objective.
    • Limit the impact on your users.
    • Keep the staging environment updated so it’s always as close to the production environment as possible.
    • Automate where you can.

    92. What is the life cycle of release management?


      This is the process of planning, scheduling, and managing a software build through the stages of developing, testing, deploying, and supporting the release. Techniques like Agile development, continuous delivery, DevOps, and release automation have helped optimize release management

    Build and Release Engineer Sample Resumes! Download & Edit, Get Noticed by Top Employers! Download

    93. What is built in testing?


      The build in software testing is the way toward setting up the software for release. Builds are taken frequently to verify the progressions being executed and to see the improvement of development. The last form will be known as a release or release build and will be given to the next level

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