Top Cyberark Interview Questions & Answers [SCENARIO-BASED ]
Cyberark Interview Questions and Answers

Top Cyberark Interview Questions & Answers [SCENARIO-BASED ]

Last updated on 04th Jul 2020, Blog, Interview Questions

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Suresh (Sr Cyberark Security Manager )

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These Cyber Ark Interview Questions have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your interview for the subject of Cyber Ark . As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular question during your interview, normally questions start with some basic concept of the subject and later they continue based on further discussion and what you answer.we are going to cover top 100 Cyber Ark  Interview questions along with their detailed answers. We will be covering Cyber Ark  scenario based interview questions, Cyber Ark  interview questions for freshers as well as Cyber Ark  interview questions and answers for experienced. 

1.What is CyberArk?

Ans:

 CyberArk is an information security company offering Privileged Account Security. The company’s technology is utilized primarily in the financial services, energy, retail and healthcare markets.

2.What is the use of CyberArk?

Ans:

CyberArk Enterprise Password Vault, a component of the CyberArk Privileged Account Security Solution, is designed to discover, secure, rotate and control access to privileged account passwords used to access systems throughout the enterprise IT environment.

3.What is CyberArk viewfinity?

Ans:

 CyberArk Viewfinity with enhanced protection is now CyberArk Endpoint Privilege Manager. Enforcing privilege security on the endpoint is a fundamental part of your security program.

4.What is a password vault?

Ans:

A password vault is a software program that keeps a number of passwords in a secure digital location. By encrypting the password storage, the password vault offers users the ability to use a single master password for accessing a number of different passwords used for different websites or services.

5.What is identity and access management?

Ans:

Identity management, also known as identity and access management (IAM) is, in computer security, the security and business discipline that “enables the right individuals to access the right resources at the right times and for the right reasons”.

6.What is viewfinity used for?

Ans:

Viewfinity is a suite of integrated management tools that simplify the processes involved in privilege management, enabling administrators to more effectively protect PCs from unauthorized use and providing granular control over who can do what on servers and endpoints across the enterprise.

7.What’s the minimum password complexity required for CyberArk authentication using internal CyberArk scheme?

Ans:

There should be Minimum one lowerchase alphabet character, one uppercase alphabet character, one numeric character

8.What are the primary functions of CyberArk?

Ans:

CyberArk Enterprise Password Vault, an element of the CyberArk Privileged Account Security Solution, has been designed to discover, secure, rotate and control access to confidential account passwords used to access any system throughout the organization in its Information Technology environment.

9.To create a PIM policy, what need to be done ?

Ans:

 We should Create CPM Policy, PIM Policy, and Create a PSM connection component & enable the PSM if needed

10.CyberArk can manage following Database’s password

Ans:

  • MySQL
  • DB2
  • MS SQL
  • Oracle DB

11.Explain the working of CyberArk Security?

Ans:

For the highest security of the content, many encryption layers are issued to each safe by CyberArk Digital Vault. This is also referred to as EPV ( Enterprise Password Vault ). These keys which are safely encrypted are then kept in the vault for storage. These are encrypted again with some other vault encryption key that too be unique. A person with proper rights to access is given all these keys. A supervisor is appointed by the administrator for safety and the supervisor is the person whom the user has to manually confirm for accessing the safe and to the content of the safe.

12. What is Privileged Session Manager?

Ans:

Privileged Session Manager, also usually known by its abbreviation form PSM is CyberArk’s key module. Privileged Session Manager ( PSM ) is responsible for the security of the access of all privileged users and its activities at database and OS platforms. Also, take note of the privileged users’ access to the mainframe sites. Private Session Manager allows an only single point of control to access. It counts each keystroke and also does count each mouse click and take high notice to not let any malware to access entry to the target system.

13.What does a privileged user mean?

Ans:

A privileged user has few better benefits over other uses. Any system’s privileged user has significantly more potential in that system and these potentials are larger than those allotted to most of the other users. This privileged user’s accounts are more prone to be hacked. Their accounts are slightly overlooked which expose them to big risks. It’s very simple for hackers to access these attack points for intensifying privileged access into the institution. System administrator itself uses the account of privilege to make changes with different other applications and databases. These accounts are also used to correspond with other services of the web and are at risk of being manipulated by the intruders.

14. Tell something about Identity and Privilege management?

Ans:

Privileged Identity Management is often known by PIM which is its abbreviated form. It is used for the protection of accounts of super users. It supervises these accounts from an IT perspective. PIM keeps track that these accounts’ ability to access does not get used incorrectly. It uses the power of supervising to ensure that intruders don’t misuse or abuse the accessibility of the super user’s account.

15. What is meant by PrivateArk Client?

Ans:

PrivateArk client is an application of Windows. It is a standard application used for the solution of PAS as the administrative client. The client can enter to the Enterprise Password Vault through internet by deploying the client to many remote computers. Safes are created using this interface and users also define a hierarchy of vault. A user should be validated from Digital vault in order to access the Enterprise Password Vault using PrivateArk client.

16.What do you understand by CPM?

Ans:

The CPM is the abbreviation to the term ‘ Central Policy Manager ‘. Central Policy Manager enforces the security policies without the need for human interaction. It does so by changing the remote machine’s password and then stores the fresh password code in EPV ( Enterprise Password Vault ) under root 3 basis. The master policy of the institution confirms the password created by the CPM. Open the password is going to be expired or if the password has expired, then administrators are informed through PVWA. CPM is capable of creating new passwords on remote machines aimlessly and then the new password gets saved on the Enterprise Password Vault by replacing old password by this new one.

17.What do you know about BYOC?

Ans:

BYOC is an abbreviation to the term ‘ Bring Your Own Computer ‘. This term is used in the gaming culture by gamer during a gaming event involving multiple players. Players are needed to bring the computer of their own in order to take part in that event of gaming and then gamers hook their computing device to the network for participating. If PSM it is enabled then any client can be used for accessing the target system. This concept is also used in the corporates where employees are given permission to bring their own personal devices of computing at the workplace and use it for performing some tasks of their job. BYOC is helpful as it has the potential to eliminate the requirement of in-office computing devices hence helping to decrease the expense of any institution.

18. What is PIM?

Ans:

PIM is the abbreviated version for ‘Privileged Identity Management’. It is used for the security and to monitor the superuser accounts in the CyberArk. PIM is used to analyze that the superuser accounts does not get misused. It is very important to supervise the accounts so that intruders are unable to use these accounts for ill purposes.

19.Some steps have to be followed in order to implement the Privileged Identity Management ( PIM ).

Ans:

  • First, a policy needs to be created to specify the management of the accounts of superusers. Along with this, it should be made specified the controls that account holder should have access and those controls which they won’t be able to access.
  • Second, a management model needs to be developed in order to make sure that the policies are followed by identifying an accountable party.
  • Third, the extensiveness of the population and their identification to be identified by Inventory privileged accounts.
  • Fourth and last but equally important step is to invent the tools and processes for managing the accounts.
  • PIM is important because the superuser accounts that are unmanaged are prone to losses and have a threat to the theft of sensitive information.

20.What factors need to be enabled for the policy of auto password reconciliation?

Ans:

Password reconciliation for a specific or particular policy should be enabled in CyberArk for the auto password reconciliation policy. Along with this the automatic password verification also needs to be enabled. The additional account also is enabled having the required right on the target server. When the password gets synchronized then password reconciliation to be enabled.

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    21. What do you understand by the web form capability of CyberArk PSM?

    Ans:

    The webform capability of CyberArk PSM means that web-based apps integrated the PSM connector in itself. The integration happens with a bunch of conditions. Web capability of PSM includes the login to HTML page using the form id along with the input form that is used for the password.

    22. What steps have to be followed for registering a privileged account with help of PVWA to CyberArk PISM?

    Ans:

    The following steps need to be followed for the purpose of registration to a privileged account :

    StepsWhat to do
    Initiate a safeCreate a safe and define the holder of the safe
    Generate a PINGenerate a PIM policy
    Generate policyNow,generate the policy of CPM and PSM.
    Add your AccountThe finally aad the account with the properties such as its password,username and password

    23. How many numbers of times can we access the count of the wrong password at the highest?

    Ans:

    Not more than 99 times.

    24.Can the password be changed in a text file in CyberArk?

    Ans:

    Yes. If the password is the plain text or is encrypted, then with the help of the encrypted algorithm the password may be changed.

    25. What is the full form of OPM with reference to CyberArk?

    Ans:

    OPM is an abbreviation and its full form is ‘On-Demand Privileges Manager’. CyberArk On-Demand Privileges Manager is available for both Unix/Linux as well as for the Windows. Users are allowed to be limited to commands with access that is transparent from the definitions of the flexible policy of On-Demand Privileges Manager.

    26. How Does Its Security Work?

    Ans:

     Cyber Ark Digital Vault, also known as the Enterprise Password Vault (EPV) uses multiple layers of encryption to provide maximum security for contents of each and every single safe. Each file within a safe is encrypted with a unique file encryption key and are stored within the safe and encrypted with a different safe encryption key which is unique to the safe. The safe encryption keys are then stored within the vault and are encrypted with a unique vault encryption key. All of these keys are delivered only to those users who have the appropriate access rights. Administrators classify access to safes and data within the safes so that users must be manually confirmed by a Safe Supervisor before they can access the safe along with its contents.

    27. What Should A Specific User Have To Get Access To A Specific Safe?

    Ans:

     A specific user must have the safe ownership to get access to the specific safe.

    28. What are capabilities of PSM for SSH?

    Ans:

     PSM for SSH has the capability of Video recording, Command recording.

    29. What are the CyberArk Vault protection layers 

    Ans:

     Following are the CyberArk Vault Protection Layers:

    • Firewall & Code-Data Isolation
    • Encryted Network Communication & Visual Security Audit Trail
    • Strong Authentication & Granular Access Control
    • File Encryption & Dual Control Security

    30. What are Authentication schemes supported by CyberArk Vault?

    Ans:

     Here are teh authentication schemes that are supported by CyberArk vault – LDAP, Radius, PKI.

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    40.What do we mean by “Penetration Test”?

    Ans:

     A penetration test(Pen Test) attempts to exploit the vulnerabilities to determine whether unauthorized access or other malicious activity is possible. Penetration testing typically includes network penetration testing and application security testing as well as controls and processes around the networks and applications and should occur from both outside the network trying to come in (external testing) and from inside the network. The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) was introduced to provide a minimum degree of security when it comes to handling customer card information. While the Standard has been around for over a decade, penetration testing has only recently been officially incorporated into the process. For instance, as a Penetration Tester in CyberArk, you will be the go-to-guy of finding traditional and creative ways of breaking CyberArk products’ security and suggest robust solutions to fixing it.

    41. What do you understand by SSH Key Manager?

    Ans:

     SSH Key Manager helps organizations prevent unauthenticated access to private SSH keys, which are frequently used by privileged Unix/Linux users and applications to validate privileged accounts. SSH Key Manager secures and rotates privileged SSH keys based on the privileged account security policy and controls and scrutinize access to protect SSH keys. This solution enables organizations to gain control of SSH keys, which offers access to privileged accounts but is often ignored.

    42. What CyberArk’s modules are responsible for a recording session?

    Ans:

    PSM (Privileged Session Manager) is the one responsible for a recording session

    43.What reach you post you will by CyberArk viewfinity?

    Ans:

    Cyber Ark View finite equips organizations to impose least privilege policies for matter and a system administrator though elevates the privileges when needed to run authorized applications. This reduces the assertiveness surface, minimizes accidental or intentional damage to endpoints and servers, and segregates administrative duties not quite the order of Servers. Complementary application controls prevent malicious applications from infiltrating the setting, even if allowing nameless applications to run in a safe mode.

    44.What gets the bond of you meet the expense of on by identity and privilege running?

    Ans:

    Privileged identity running (PIM) is to save an eye in checking account to for sponsorship of super addict accounts in a tilt’s IT environments. Supervising is vital consequently that the remote access abilities of super control accounts are not changed or abused by intruders.

    45.Define lucky adherents?

    Ans:

    A privileged adherent is an enthusiast of a particular system who, by virtue of doings and/or seniority, has been designated powers within the computer system, which are considerably greater than those doable to the majority of users. For e.g. cloud server managers, Systems administrators, Application or database administrators and some Applications which themselves use privileged accounts to allow once auxiliary applications, scripts, databases, web services and more. These accounts are often ignored and are exposed to significant risk, as their credentials are hardcoded and static. Hackers can easily profit admission to these forcefulness points to escalate fortunate right of entry throughout the dealing out.

    46.What is PrivateArk Vault Command Line Interface?

    Ans:

    The PrivateArk Vault Command Line Interface (PACLI) enables the users to admission the PAS Solution from any location using thoroughly automated scripts, in a command heritage atmosphere. Users accessing the PAS unqualified via the PACLI have entry to the limited interface for giving out, rule, and audit features. PACLI is not incorporated in the evaluated parable of the TOE

    47.What are the CyberArk Vault guidance layers?

    Ans:

    Following are the Cyber Ark Vault Protection Layers:

    • Firewall & Code Data Isolation
    • Encrypted Network Communication & Visual Security Audit Trail
    • Strong Authentication & Granular Access Control
    • File Encryption & Dual Control Security.

    48.What CyberArk PSM has web form knack means?

    Ans:

    CyberArk PSM has web form adroitness means, with a set of conditions, PSM connector can be integrated into a web-based application. By default, PSM web aptitude by yourself covers the Html login page when form id, input form for devotee/password and button notice attribute.

    49.What get sticking together of you go along subsequent to by Privileged Threat Analytics?

    Ans:

    CyberArk Privileged Threat Analytics is a safety shrewdness sound that permits organizations to detect, lithe, and confession to anomalous honored fight indicating violence in the go-ahead. The unlimited collect a targeted set of data from complex sources, including the CyberArk Digital Vault, SIEM, and network taps or switches. Then, the realize applies profound assimilation of statistical algorithms, enabling organizations to detect indications of compromise to the front in the lifecycle of the hostility by identifying malicious privileged account liveliness.

    50.How will you check in a string that all characters are numerics?

    Ans:

    isnumeric(): Returns true if a Unicode string contains only numeric characters and false otherwise.

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    51.How will you check in a string that all characters are whitespaces?

    Ans:

    isspace(): Returns true if string contains only white space characters and false otherwise.

    52.How will you check in a string that it is properly titlecased?

    Ans:

    istitle(): Returns true if string is properly “title cased” and false otherwise.

    53.How will you check in a string that all characters are in uppercase?

    Ans:

    isupper(): Returns true if string has at least one cased character and all cased characters are in uppercase and false otherwise.

    54.How will you merge elements in a sequence?

    Ans:

    join(seq): Merges (concatenates) the string representations of elements in sequence seq into a string, with separator string.

    55.How will you get the length of the string?

    Ans:

    len(string): Returns the length of the string.

    56.How will you get a space-padded string with the original string left-justified to a total of width columns?

    Ans:

    just(width[, fillchar]): Returns a space-padded string with the original string left-justified to a total of width columns.

    57.How will you convert a string to all lowercase?

    Ans:

    lower(): Converts all uppercase letters in string to lowercase.

    58.How will you remove all leading whitespace in string?

    Ans:

    strip(): Removes all leading white space in string.

    59.How will you get the max alphabetical character from the string?

    Ans:

    max(str): Returns the max alphabetical character from the string str.

    60.How will you get the min alphabetical character from the string?

    Ans:

    min(str): Returns the min alphabetical character from the string str.

    61.How will you replaces all occurrences of old substring in string with new string?

    Ans:

    replace(old, new [, max]): Replaces all occurrences of old in string with new or at most max occurrences if max given.

    62.Enlist a difference between Tuples and Lists.

    Ans:

    Tuples and Lists are used to store a sequence of data within them. A difference between them is that Tuples once defined cannot be altered under any circumstances whereas Lists can be altered.

    63.What is the difference between a Lambda and Def?

    Ans:

    A Def is a function that can contain multiple expressions whereas a Lambda can contain only one single expression. A Def method can contain return statements whereas a Lambda cannot contain return statements. A Lambda can be used inside lists and dictionaries.

    64.What is the difference between input() method and raw_input() method?

    Ans:

    • raw_input() method returns string values whereas input() method returns integer vaues.
    • Input() method was used in Python 2.x versions whereas Python 3.x and later versions use raw_input() method. However, input()method has been replaced by raw_input() method in Python 3.x.

    65.What is the difference between Lists and Tuples in terms of Syntax?

    Ans:

    Both Lists and Tuples are used to store a sequence of data within them. However, a major difference between them is that Tuples use parantheses ( ) in its syntax whereas Lists use Brackets in its syntax [ ].

    66.What is the difference between Text Entry element and Text Box element in Tkinter Module?

    Ans:

    A Text Entry element is used to receive an input of only one single line whereas a Text Box provides a space to receive input for multiple lines.

    67. Which Component Of Cyberark Enables Commands To Be Whitelisted Or Blacklisted On A Per User And / Or Per System Basis?

    Ans:

    On Demand Privileges manager enables the commands to be white listed or blacklisted.

    68. Can Cyberark Vault Be Managed Manually?

    Ans:

    Cyber Ark Vault can be managed using Private Ark Client, Private Ark Web Client, and Private Vault Web Access.

    69.Bring Your Own Clients means

    Ans:

     Bring Your Own Clients means:

    • You can use any client to access target system if PSM enabled
    • PSM is flexible
    • CyberArk PSM covers more target system type other than others

    70.Does OpenSSL heartbleed bug affecting CyberArk Vault ?

    Ans:

     No, on all vesion

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    71.What is Application Identity Manager (AIM)?

    Ans: The Application Identity Manager is an application based on Windows and Linux which facilitates access to privileged passwords and eliminates the need to hard code plaintext passwords in applications, scripts, or configuration files. As with all other credentials stored in the Enterprise Password Vault, AIM passwords are stored, logged, and managed strongly. AIM is separated into two components: a Provider, which securely retrieves and caches passwords and provides immediate access to the requesting application; and the SDK, which provides a set of APIs for Java, .Net. AIM is separated into two components: a Provider, which securely retrieves and caches passwords and provides immediate access to the requesting application; and the SDK, which provides a set of APIs for Java, .NET, COM14, CLI15, and C/C++. In the evaluated version, the AIM Provider for Windows and SDK have been excluded. ET, COM14, CLI15, and C/C++. In the evaluated version, the AIM Provider for Windows and SDK have been excluded. 

    72.How long CyberArk Vault will kept deleted object until it reach true deletion stage ?

    Ans:

     30 days

    73.What are User Accounts Enabled by Default?

    Ans:

    Administrator

    74.How to release user suspension?

    Ans:

     To release user suspension –> Need to login using administrator account and activate the account.

    75.CyberArk Vault access control can be defined by

    Ans:

     Safe, Folder, Object

    76.Why PrivateArk Web Client limited only to Internet Explorer

    Ans:

     Because it uses ActiveX

    77.Mention 3 pilars of CYberArk solutions 

    Ans:

     PIMS, SIMS & PSMS

    78.Which CyberArk’s module is responsible for changing password

    Ans:

     CPM

    79.If a User was suspended, who is the user that able to revoke the suspension ?

    Ans:

     Administrator

    80.If a password request got approved why only notification sent to requester but not the password for the target system itself ?

    Ans:

     Because of its Security concern, Email can be eavesdropped, Email can be redirected, Email may not be not secure.

    81.What is ENE integration

    Ans:

     CyberArk email notification integration with existing email system

    82.By default user will be suspended to login to the vault after entering … times of wrong password

    Ans:

     5 times

    83.Inorder to enable LDAP user authentication which need to be configured

    Ans:

     Directory mapping

    84.What need to be done to enable PSM for a policy

    Ans:

      We need to enable PSM option on specified policy, and need to add required PSM connection component

    85.Can CyberArk can manage Facebook password & record Facebook session?

    Ans:

     Yes

    86.What is Password Vault Web Access (PVWA) Interface?

    Ans:

    The Password Vault Web Access Interface is a complete-featured web interface providing a single console for requesting, accessing, and managing privileged account credentials passed throughout the enterprise by both end-users and system administrators. PVWA’s dashboard facilitates users to get an overview of the activities in PAS Solution, as well as getting insights about all the activities that have taken place. 

    87.What are the reasons for CyberArk vault user login access denied?

    Ans:

     Wrong password, Wrong username, User suspension, Wrong authentication mode

    88.How do I access CyberArk?

    Ans:

    • In the list of available authentication methods, click CyberArk; the CyberArk authentication page appears.
    • Type your CyberArk user name and password in the appropriate edit boxes, then click Sign in; the Vault authenticates your information and grants you access to the Vault.

    89.Why do we use CyberArk?

    Ans:

    Cyber Ark is the only organization with a native solution that provides full credentials to protection, session security, least privilege and application control, and continuous overseeing to rapidly detect threats and report on privileged account activities.

    90.Who are CyberArk competitors?

    Ans:

    Competitors and Alternatives:

    • BeyondTrust. 28% considered. 87% Yes. (52)
    • Thycotic. 25% considered. 4.7. 92% Yes. (260)
    • Centrify. 14% considered. 4.3. 67% Yes.
    • HashiCorp. 12% considered. 80% Yes.
    • Hitachi ID Systems. 10% considered. 50% Yes.
    • Micro Focus. 7% considered. 100% Yes.
    • ManageEngine. 6% considered. 4.7. 83% Yes.
    • One Identity. 6% considered. 4.6. 75% Yes.

    91.What is privileged access security?

    Ans:

    Privileged access is a type of administrative or super-user access that allows for the full control of critical computer systems and applications anywhere, and at any time. It is a set of policies, processes and tools that protect, manage, and monitor privileged access, users, and credentials.

    92.What is PrivateArk?

    Ans:

    Private Ark essentially operates as a fire walled system, allowing only Private Ark Client requests to access specified ports on the server. … The client component offers two levels of organization: vaults and safes. A vault, which typically represents a particular geographical organization or department, contains safes.

    93.How much does CyberArk cost?

    Ans:

    Cyber Ark Privileged Account Security Solution. Description: Highly flexible and customizable with a solid feature set and analytics. Price: Starting at $35,000.

    94.What is BeyondTrust?

    Ans:

    Beyond Trust (formerly Marks) is an American company that develops, markets, and supports a family of privileged identity management (PAM), privileged remote access, and vulnerability management products for UNIX, Linux, Windows and Mac OS operating systems.

    95.How does CyberArk AIM work?

    Ans:

    When an end-user authenticates to an identity store (LDAP, SQL, Oracle) and CyberArk Vault is enabled to retrieve service account passwords, AIM is invoked to retrieve the service account password

    96.Is IAM part of cyber security?

    Ans:

    Role of Identity and Access Management (IAM) in Cyber Security. … Identity and Access Management is a Cyber/Information security discipline that ensures right people have appropriate access to the organization’s critical systems and resources at the right time

    97.What is a jump client?

    Ans:

    • Use Jump Clients to Access Unattended Android Devices
    • This provides the ability to have unattended support sessions with Android devices.

    98.What is CyberArk EPM control panel?

    Ans:

    Endpoint Privilege Manager helps remove this barrier and allows organizations to block and contain attacks at the endpoint, reducing the risk of information being stolen or encrypted and held for ransom. A combination of privilege security, credential theft and application control reduces the risk of malware infection.

    99.Is CyberArk a SaaS?

    Ans:

    Cyber Ark Privilege Cloud is a SaaS solution that provides a simplified path to securely store, rotate and isolate credentials (for both human and non-human users), monitor sessions, and quickly deliver salable risk reduction to the business.

    100.How do I get rid of CyberArk?

    Ans:

    Uninstalling CyberArk:

    • Using the Guardian CLI, run the command store cyber ark uninstall.
    • Type yes in the Guardian CLI to uninstall Cyber Ark.

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