40+ [REAL-TIME] Web API Interview Questions and Answers

40+ [REAL-TIME] Web API Interview Questions and Answers

Last updated on 18th Nov 2021, Blog, Interview Questions

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Narmata Ravi (API Testing Analyst )

Narmata Ravi is 6+ years of experience in API Testing with Scripting for API automation - using JAVA/Python, Automation Framework for API/ Web, Jenkins to build CI/ CD Pipeline. She spends most of her time researching technology, and startups.

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    Our Web API Interview Questions & Answers will not only help you deal with the toughest of the Web API interview questions, but also guide you in dealing with every technical question related individually, be it HTTP, ASP.NET Web API, Resources and URIs, WCF vs ASP.NET Web API etc. These 50+ Web API Interview Questions & Answers are created by the best in the business and help you in achieving your dreams of getting the Web API Developer job you have always aspired for.

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    1.What makes the Web API crucial?

    Ans:

    Web APIs are indispensable in the digital landscape, acting as the linchpin for interconnected systems. They break down data silos, fostering a free flow of information across applications and platforms. This liberation of data encourages innovation and ensures that valuable information is not confined within isolated systems. Moreover, APIs facilitate agile development by modularizing complex functionalities. Developers can iterate rapidly, independently updating or replacing specific API-connected features without disrupting the entire system.

    2.Why do we utilize Web APIs, and what are they?

    Ans:

    • Web APIs connect the disparate software application environments by acting as digital bridges. Consider them as linguistic go-betweens that provide smooth system-to-system communication across the expansive internet.
    • They are useful for arranging a symphony of information sharing and functionality exchange, which encourages peaceful cooperation between entities that would otherwise operate independently.
    • Applications can effectively access data and functionality thanks to APIs, which are like keys that open doors to a wealth of services. They are essentially the designers of a digital ecosystem, encouraging innovation, interoperability, and the smooth movement of data throughout the networked web.

    3.Why do we utilize Web APIs, and what are they?

    Ans:

    Property WCF Web API
    Communication StyleAll-encompassingLightweight and Easygoing
    Protocol Versatility Multifaceted HTTP-Centric

    4. How may the action be utilized to register an exception filter?

    Ans:

    Typically, in the Register method of the WebApiConfig class, the HttpConfiguration object is used to register an exception filter in the context of ASP.NET Web API. Typically, the Register method is invoked when an application first launches. Here’s an illustration of how to register an exception filter using the Register method:

    public static class WebApiConfig
    {
    public static void Register(HttpConfiguration config)
    {
    // Other configuration settings…
    // Registering an exception filter
    config.Filters.Add(new CustomExceptionFilter());
    }
    }

    In this instance, the class CustomExceptionFilter handles exceptions in Web API actions by implementing the IExceptionFilter interface and offering unique logic.

    5. What benefits come with utilizing Rest in Web APIs?

    Ans:

    There are several benefits to using REST in Web APIs, which is one of the reasons it is so popular in contemporary web development. Its simplicity and ease of use which are highlighted by an uncomplicated design that makes use of common HTTP methods are two of its main advantages. This ease of use carries over to statelessness, as every request comes with all the information needed to create a more distributed and scalable system. Because RESTful APIs are adaptive and expandable and allow multiple data formats, including JSON, they may be modified to meet changing needs without compromising current functionality.

    6.How are Web APIs unit tested?

    Ans:

    Unit testing Web APIs entails breaking down and testing individual API components, like functions or endpoints, using testing frameworks. Write test scenarios that cover both normal and edge cases, mock dependencies, and simulate HTTP requests and responses. Use testing libraries and mocking frameworks unique to your programming language, automate tests for continuous integration, and include assertions to confirm expected results. Take security into account and set up a test environment that closely resembles real-world settings.

    7. What are the positive aspects of RESTful Web APIs?

    Ans:

    Simpleness and Ease of Use: RESTful APIs are simple to comprehend and utilize because they make use of conventional HTTP techniques.

    Scalability: Because RESTful APIs are stateless, they can manage a high volume of concurrent requests and are hence extremely scalable.

    Interoperability: A variety of clients, such as web browsers, mobile devices, and other apps, can utilize RESTful APIs because they are platform-independent.

    Flexibility: The representation of data can be freely changed thanks to RESTful APIs’ support for a number of data formats, including XML and JSON.

    8. Why is DelegatingHandler used?

    Ans:

    • Within ASP.NET Web API and ASP.NET Core, DelegatingHandler becomes the conductor of the HTTP symphony, providing developers with a flexible platform to integrate custom logic into the complex dance of request and response processing.
    • It acts as the guardian of overarching issues, centrally coordinating duties such as authorization, authentication, and mistake correction. This master of architecture not only offers a singular location for carrying out common logic, but he also plays nicely with dependency injection, facilitating the smooth fusion of dependencies and fostering a modular design philosophy.
    • Its skill is not limited to modifying requests and answers; it also encompasses skillfully altering the communication environment as a whole, adding a customized touch to every exchange.

    9.Which protocol is supported by web API?

    Ans:

    • The HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and its secure brother, HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure), are the main protocols that web APIs use. The HTTP protocols act as a conductor, leading the orchestration, allowing clients to send requests and servers to react. This duet is the foundation of internet communication.
    • Encased in the SSL/TLS protocols, HTTPS provides an extra layer of encryption to protect the integrity of data while it is being transmitted.
    • Although these protocols are the main focus, there are sometimes exceptions, such as when protocols like WebSocket are used for specific real-time performances not just in terms of requests and answers, but also in the skillful alteration of the whole communication environment, providing a customised touch to every exchange.

    10.JSON and XML: What do they signify?

    Ans:

    • JSON: JavaScript Object Notation is a human-readable and lightweight format for exchanging data that is well-liked for its ease of use and efficiency in online development. It makes data easier to interpret for both computers and people by organizing it into arrays and key-value pairs.
    • XML: Extensible Markup Language, or XML, is a flexible and expandable data representation language that uses attributes and tags in a hierarchical structure. JSON is superior in readability and simplicity, but XML is more versatile in areas other than web development. The particular requirements and customs of the systems in question determine which option is best.

    11.Web API filters: What are they?

    Ans:

    Web API filters are parts of frameworks such as ASP.NET Core or ASP.NET Web API that allow cross-cutting issues to be implemented modularly. These issues cover things like managing exceptions, logging, and permission. Developers can include logic before or after particular actions, controllers, or the complete request and response pipeline using a variety of filter types, including authorization, action, result, exception, and resource filters. Filters improve readability, code modularity, and the uniform application of behaviors throughout an online API’s various components.

    12.Who is able to use Web API?

    Ans:

    Developers: Main users who incorporate Web APIs into programs. Application developers should use APIs to increase the functionality of their apps.

    Third-Party Services: Exchange information for improved services with other platforms.

    Businesses and Organisations: For internal system communication, use APIs. Make APIs available for integration and cooperation.

    Developers of Mobile Apps: Use APIs in your apps to do server-side actions.

    Devices connected to the Internet of Things (IoT): Use APIs to facilitate communication between IoT devices and cloud services.

    Data scientists: Use APIs to retrieve external data sources for analysis.Use bots and automation scripts to communicate programmatically with external services by utilising APIs.

    13.How do you deal with Web API errors?

    Ans:

    HTTP Status Codes: To indicate the outcome, use the relevant codes (such as 200, 400, or 401).

    Descriptive error messages: In the response body, include thorough error payloads.

    Standardized Format for Error Responses: Establish a uniform format for error responses.Errors should be recorded in detail on the server side.

    Rate Limiting and Throttling: Put safeguards in place to stop misuse and safeguard the server.

    CORS Error Handling: Make sure error responses contain the relevant CORS headers.

    Custom Error Handling Middleware: Use filters or middleware to centralize the logic for handling errors.

    Localized Error Messages: Provide multilingual error

    messages.Documentation: Clearly record any mistakes that may occur as well as their fixes.Analytics and Monitoring: Use tools to keep an eye on mistake rates and trends.

    14.How do you define a REST API?

    Ans:

    Through a set of unique concepts, a REST API, or Representational State Transfer Application Programming Interface, is the maestro arranging smooth communication between client and server. Accepting statelessness, a client-server dance takes place, with resource management and user interface duties being split. Uniform interfaces respond to common HTTP methods like notes in a harmonious composition, with resources uniquely recognized by URIs.

    15.What is MVC?

    Ans:

    • Model-View-Controller, or MVC, is the conductor virtuoso arranging software architecture into a symphony. The Model takes center stage in this original composition, representing the spirit of the data and the reasoning behind the application.
    • It is self-contained, out of sight, and quietly attends to the details below the surface. The View steals the show, a master of visuals who elegantly conveys to the user the essence of the program. As this is going on, the Controller, which serves as a link between the Model and the View, deftly controls the flow, taking in user input and adjusting the harmony of the symphony.
    • Together, these three individuals—each fulfilling a specific role—create a melodic masterpiece that advances modularity and scalability in the development environment.

    16.How do cache-control headers work?

    Ans:

    Caching is governed by the Cache-Control headers present in HTTP responses. To ascertain if a resource is user-specific or shareable, they contain directives such as public or private. The freshness period is determined by max-age, and server revalidation is guaranteed by must-revalidate. No-cache requires revalidation, and no-store prohibits storing. By giving exact control over caching algorithms, these headers optimize performance and guarantee the delivery of up-to-date material.

    17.In ASP.NET Web API 2.0, which new functionalities are used?

    Ans:

    Attribute Routing: Using attributes to configure routes intuitively.
    Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) is built-in for improved security.

    OWIN Integration: The Open Web Interface for.NET (OWIN) is seamlessly integrated.

    IHttpActionResult: A versatile HTTP response handling interface.

    Async Support: Enhanced capacity for asynchronous programming.

    18.What forms of caching are there, and what do you mean by it?

    Ans:

    To increase system performance, caching includes storing and reusing frequently accessed data.

    • Memory caching (in RAM),
    • browser caching (for web assets),
    • CDN caching (geographically distributed servers),
    • database caching (query results in memory),
    • proxy caching (intermediate servers),
    • object caching (full objects in memory),
    • fragment caching (particular portions of a page),
    • and opcode caching (compiled code in memory)

    are common forms. Different use cases are served by each form, which minimizes latency and maximizes resource use in diverse scenarios.

    19.Which return types are the most common ones that ASP. Net Web API supports?

    Ans:

    In addition to specific result types for HTTP status codes like BadRequest, NotFound, Unauthorized, and InternalServerError, ASP.NET Web API supports a wide range of common return types for controller actions, including HttpResponseMessage, IHttpActionResult, ActionResult, ObjectResult, JsonResult, XmlResult, FileResult, ContentResult, and others. With the help of these return types, developers can configure their API implementations to provide customized responses according to status codes, content kinds, and use cases.

    20.ASP.NET Web API routing: what is it?

    Ans:

    The practice of creating rules that associate particular controller actions with incoming HTTP requests is known as ASP.NET Web API routing. Setting up a route table with route templates, constraints, and defaults is required. For a more declarative method, developers can utilize attribute routing or declare routes in the Global.asax.cs file. In order to match URLs to controllers and actions and enable the development of clear and RESTful APIs, routing is essential.

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    21. ASP.NET Web API security: How to do it?

    Ans:

    Authority and Authentication: Control resource access by putting strong permission and authentication (JWT, OAuth, etc.) in place.

    SSL/TLS-enabled HTTPS: Enforce HTTPS to transmit encrypted data while maintaining its integrity and secrecy.

    Validation of input: To stop injection attacks, validate and clean the supplied data.

    CORS Guidelines: Set up CORS policies to manage cross-origin access and guard against security threats.

    Counter-CSRF Actions: To stop users from making unwanted requests, include anti-CSRF tokens.

    22.In an ASP.NET Web API, what are exception filters?

    Ans:

    Exception filters are parts of the ASP.NET Web API that let developers manage unhandled exceptions centrally. When an exception arises during the execution of a request, they implement the IExceptionFilter interface and offer a mechanism to personalize the answer, log errors, or take particular actions. Exception filters improve error handling in a Web API application by providing a reusable and uniform approach for handling exceptions across controllers and actions.

    23. Which Web API “Other Return Types” drawback is the most significant?

    Ans:

    In the context of Web APIs, “Other Return Types” usually refers to response formats other than standard data formats like XML or JSON. The absence of widespread support and standardization for these various return types may be a major disadvantage. Many different types of clients can readily consume and accept JSON and XML. Utilizing proprietary or less widely used formats might cause compatibility problems, limited interoperability, and trouble connecting with other platforms.

    24. How is an HTML response message constructed?

    Ans:

    A typical HTTP response serves as the framework for the construction of an HTML response message. First, a status line containing the result of the server’s processing is displayed; success is usually indicated by a status code such as “200 OK.” The HTTP headers that follow the status line include the important “Content-Type” header, which is set to “text/html,” indicating that HTML content will be included in the message body. The message body contains the HTML text itself after a blank line that divides the headers and body.

    25. Regarding Web API, what is CORS?

    Ans:

    CORS
    • A security feature in web development known as CORS, or Cross-Origin Resource Sharing, enables web pages from one domain to make controlled requests to resources on another domain.
    • It does this by exchanging certain HTTP headers, so loosening the browsers’ same-origin policy.
    • The domains that are allowed access to the resources are indicated by these headers, such as Access-Control-Allow-Origin. CORS treats preflighted and basic requests differently, taking into account things like credentials, special headers, and HTTP methods. In order to provide safe and regulated cross-origin communication, the server must be configured to provide the required CORS headers in its answers.

    26. How can an ASP.NET Web Form be used with a Web API?

    Ans:

    A Web API can be utilized with an ASP.NET Web Form by utilizing asynchronous communication to incorporate the Web API’s capabilities into the Web Form. Usually, to accomplish this, the Web Form’s client side JavaScript is incorporated to enable asynchronous HTTP calls to the Web API endpoints. The Web Form can communicate with the Web API without requiring a complete page reload thanks to these queries, which can retrieve or transmit data. The server-side logic and data processing are handled by the Web API, which can be implemented with ASP.NET or any other technology. It then returns the required data to the Web Form so that dynamic updates can occur without requiring a full page refresh. With this method, a decoupled architecture is made possible, in which the Web Form and Web API components function separately but smoothly together to deliver

    27. How does TestApi signify something?

    Ans:

    Framework for Dynamic Testing: “TestApi” may stand for a framework for dynamic testing that is flexible enough to adjust to changing software needs, indicating an approach to quality assurance that is adaptable.

    Automated Testing Ecosystem: “TestApi” could stand for an integrated ecosystem that emphasizes a whole range of resources and technologies to automate testing and expedite the process.

    Agile Testing Theory: “TestApi” can represent the agile testing concept of continual improvement and adaptability to software development changes.

    Intelligent Test Automation:

    “TestApi” could be an acronym for intelligent test automation initiative, emphasizing the application of cutting-edge technology and algorithms to improve the efficacy and efficiency of testing processes.

    28. Describe what rest and restful implies.

    Ans:

    Representational State Transfer, or REST, is an architectural approach used in the creation of networked applications. Systems or services that follow the tenets and limitations of REST are referred to as RESTful or REST-compliant. Statelessness, a standardized interface, the idea of resources denoted by URIs, and the utilization of common HTTP methods (GET, POST, PUT, DELETE) for communication are among the fundamental tenets of REST.

    30. Identify the resources or API used to create or evaluate web APIs.

    Ans:

    Web APIs can be created or assessed using a variety of resources and tools:

    One well-liked tool for planning, creating, and documenting APIs is Swagger (OpenAPI). It offers interactive documentation and lets developers create API requirements in a machine-readable language (OpenAPI).

    Postman: One popular tool for testing APIs is Postman. It enables programmers to query an API via HTTP requests and review the answers. It facilitates team member cooperation and automated testing as well.

    Platforms for managing APIs: Complete solutions for developing, administering, and evaluating APIs are offered by platforms such as AWS API Gateway, Apigee, and Azure API Management.

    Tools for API Design: Apiary and Stoplight, for example, offer a collaborative environment for creating and prototyping APIs prior to deployment.

    31. In the Web API, what are media type formatters?

    Ans:

    Data serialization and deserialization between the client and the server is handled by media type formatters in Web APIs. They choose how information is displayed in HTTP request and response messages. Many media types, including JSON and XML, are supported via Web APIs; media type formatters take care of converting these formats to their equivalent.NET types. JsonMediaTypeFormatter and XmlMediaTypeFormatter are two instances of media type formatters found in Web APIs, one for JSON and one for XML.

    32. In a Web API, how can we restrict access to methods that use an HTTP verb?

    Ans:

    Applying the [Authorize] attribute in conjunction with the [HttpVerb] attribute allows access to Web API calls that utilize particular HTTP verbs to be restricted. For instance, you may use [Authorize] and [HttpGet] to adorn a method that uses the HTTP GET verb in order to limit access to it.


    [Authorize]
    [HttpGet]
    public IHttpActionResult RestrictedGetMethod()
    {
    // Your code here
    return Ok(“This is a restricted GET method”);
    } }

    The [HttpGet] attribute limits the method to only replying to HTTP GET requests, and the [Authorize] attribute makes sure that only authenticated users can access it.

    33. How are Web APIs hosted?

    Ans:

    There are several ways to host web APIs, including:

    IIS: Internet Information Services is a popular choice for hosting. Under the IIS server, the API functions like an application.

    Self-Hosting: Using libraries like OWIN (Open Web Interface for.NET) or Katana, web APIs can be self-hosted in a customized procedure.

    Azure App Service: This platform-as-a-service (PaaS) allows Web APIs to be implemented.

    Docker Containers: On container orchestration systems such as Kubernetes, APIs can be deployed bundled within Docker containers

    34. Describe oData Using an ASP.Net Web API

    Ans:

    A standardized protocol called OData (Open Data Protocol) is used to create and use RESTful APIs. By using the ODataController and setting up the OData route, you may activate OData in the ASP.NET Web API. Here’s a quick rundown:

    • By inheriting from ODataController, you can define an OData-enabled controller.
    • Open the WebApiConfig file and configure OData routing there.
    • Enable querying and exposing entities by using OData conventions

    35. How can I utilize the Authorize attribute in a Web API to reference users and roles?

    Ans:

    The [Authorize] element in a Web API is used to limit access to specific methods or endpoints based on user authorization and authentication. To allude to particular individuals or roles:

    Permission from the User: You can designate the permitted users by using the [Authorize] attribute. This implies that the protected resource will only be accessible to those particular individuals.

    Give permission based on role: As an alternative, you might use roles and the [Authorize] attribute. Users who belong to the designated roles are the only ones who can access this.

    Permission from the User and Role: Roles and users can also be combined. This implies that access will only be granted to the designated users who occupy the designated positions.

    36. How do parameters in a web API obtain their value?

    Ans:

    A Web API’s parameters can get their values from a variety of sources, and the binding procedure varies according to the kind of parameter and the attribute that is used.

    Typical sources consist of:

    From the URL (Route Parameters): Attributes like [Route] or [FromRoute] can be used to extract parameters from the URL route template.

    From the Query String (Query Parameters): Attributes such as [FromQuery] can be used to extract parameters from the query string.

    From the Request Body (Body Parameters): Using properties like [FromBody], parameters for HTTP POST or PUT requests can be obtained from the request body.

    From Headers or Cookies: Attributes like [FromHeader] or [FromCookie] can be used to retrieve parameters from headers or cookies.

    37. Can an MVC style of routing be implemented in a Web API?

    Ans:

    A Web API can use routing that follows the MVC pattern. Incoming HTTP requests are mapped to the proper controllers and actions by ASP.NET Web API via a routing system, which is similar to ASP.NET MVC’s RESTful design. Usually, the WebApiConfig class defines the routing configuration. Similar to MVC-style routing patterns, you can construct routes for controllers and actions using properties like [Route].

    38. What role do status codes play in API responses?

    Ans:

    Status codes provide information about a request’s conclusion in API responses. They give customers a consistent means of comprehending the outcome of their request.

    Typical HTTP status codes consist of:

    2xx (Success): This code denotes a successful request.

    3xx (Redirection): This indicates that more work is required to fulfill the request. An error in the request appears to have been made by the client, as indicated by the code

    4xx (Client Error): A valid request was not fulfilled by the server, as indicated by the 5xx (Server Error) error.

    39. Why is the “Content-Type” header present?

    Ans:

    Through the use of HTTP caching, it is possible to minimize the number of times a client and server must send the same request by temporarily storing the result (cached). Several HTTP headers are used by caching to function, including:

    Cache-Control: Defines caching policies, including whether or not a response is cacheable, how long it can be cached, and when it can be deemed stale.

    Expires: Specifies the time and date at which the response expires and is no longer valid.

    ETag: An exclusive number assigned to a particular resource version. Clients can verify whether their cached version is still valid by looking up the ETag, which is updated if the resource changes.

    Last-Modified: Indicates the most recent date and time the resource was altered.

    40. How does HTTP caching operate?

    Ans:

    In order to avoid retrieving the same resource from the origin server repeatedly, HTTP caching works by keeping copies of web resources at several locations around the network. Caching headers that assist, regulate and decide the caching behavior, such as Expires, ETag, Cache-Control, and Last-Modified, lower server load and speed up response times.

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    41. Why is JSON frequently used in APIs, and what does it mean?

    Ans:

    Because it is straightforward, readable, and simple to parse across a variety of computer languages, JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is frequently used in APIs. Transmitting structured data between a server and a client is a good fit for this lightweight data exchange format, which expresses data as key-value pairs. Platform independence and widespread support are two factors that make JSON attractive for API communication.

    42. What distinguishes XML from JSON?

    Ans:

    The syntax and usage of XML (eXtensible Markup Language) and JSON are different. JSON is a simple, key-value pair-based data format, whereas XML is a tag-based markup language with a more verbose structure. JSON is preferred over XML for data interchange in current web development because it is typically more concise, easier to read, and simpler to understand.

    43. Describe JSON Web Tokens (JWT) and how authentication uses them.

    Ans:

    JSON Web Tokens (JWT) are a small, secure URL-based way for two parties to express claims to one other. JWTs are frequently used in authentication as tokens holding user data, including roles and user IDs. After successful authentication, the server generates a JWT, which the client uses in ensuing requests. Without requiring session data, the server can then authenticate the user and grant access to protected resources by validating the JWT.

    44. Which fundamental JSON data types exist?

    Ans:

    • Five basic data kinds are included in JSON, or JavaScript Object Notation, which adds to its flexibility when it comes to encoding structured data.
    • Strings are character sequences that contain double quotes and are used to represent text.
    • In order to accommodate different types of numerical data, numbers can be either integers or floating-point values.
    • Booleans are binary values that can be either true or false and are used to establish logical conditions. Curly braces are used to identify objects, which are collections of key-value pairs arranged in an unordered fashion that facilitate the structuring of complex data structures.

    45. Describe the different approaches to API authentication.

    Ans:

    A number of techniques, such as API keys, OAuth, JWT (JSON Web Tokens), and basic authentication, can be used to accomplish API authentication. While API keys offer a more straightforward method by serving as a unique identifier to access resources, OAuth offers a reliable, token-based technique for user authentication. Stateless authentication is provided by JWTs, which encapsulate user claims in a secure token.

    46. Describe the idea of API keys and the authentication process they enable.

    Ans:

    API keys are distinct numbers given to users in order to authenticate them. Presenting the API key in the request body, query parameter, or request header is how the client authenticates. Once the authenticity of the key has been confirmed, the server grants access. For circumstances where security requirements are lower, API keys are a typical and successful solution due to their simplicity.

    47. What makes API versioning crucial?

    Ans:

    In order to manage API updates and changes without upsetting current clients, API versioning is essential. It guarantees interoperability across all API versions, enabling developers to add new functionalities, address bugs, and improve existing ones—all while giving customers a stable experience.

    48. List the various methods used for API versioning.

    Ans:

    There are several approaches to versioning an API:
    URI Versioning: Versioning a URI involves adding the version to the URI path.

    Query Parameter Versioning: Using a query parameter to specify the version.

    Header Versioning: Putting the API version in a bespoke header.

    49. Describe how the GET and POST methods differ from one another.

    Ans:

    GET: This protocol is used to get data from the server. The URL is made visible in the address bar of the browser by appending parameters to it. Sensitive information or actions that change the server’s status are typically not appropriate.

    POST: Data is sent to the server in order to establish a new resource. Sensitive data can be transmitted more securely because parameters are part of the request body

    50. What is the difference between PUT and PATCH, and when should you use it?

    Ans:

    PUT: A method for adding or updating resources. The updated representation given in the request body replaces the entire resource.

    PATCH: A method for updating a resource partially. It is more bandwidth-efficient than PUT since only the designated fields in the request body are changed. When it’s sufficient to update a resource partially, use PATCH.

    51.Explain the rationale for the DELETE technique.

    Ans:

    In RESTful APIs, the DELETE HTTP method is used to ask the server to remove or delete a resource. It is an essential function consistent with the CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) model. Clients ask the server to remove a resource permanently by issuing a DELETE request to that resource’s unique URI. This technique is essential for controlling resource lifecycles and preserving system data integrity.

    52. How ought a RESTful API to handle errors?

    Ans:

    In order to manage problems, a RESTful API should use the proper HTTP status codes, offer insightful error messages, and adhere to a standard error format. Error status codes that are frequently used are 4xx (Client Errors) for difficulties pertaining to the client’s request and 5xx (Server Errors) for issues with the server. Error answers should also contain pertinent details, including error codes and descriptions, to help clients comprehend and resolve the problem.

    53. What are the client and server error HTTP status codes?

    Ans:

    Errors by Clients (4xx):

    • 400 Invalid Request
    • 401 Not Permitted
    • 403 Prohibited
    • Error Code 404
    • 422 Unprocessable Entity (frequently used to describe failures in validation)

    5xx Server Errors:

    • 500 Error on the Internal Server
    • 502 Erroneous Gateway
    • 503 Service Not Found

    54. Describe the distinctions between API integration and unit testing.

    Ans:

    API Integration Testing: Examines how various systems or components interact with one another to make sure everything functions as it should. Its main objective is to test the system’s dependencies and integration points.

    Unit testing : examines discrete code segments, such functions or methods, separately. Its goal is to confirm that every code unit carries out its designated function as intended. External dependencies are rarely included in unit tests, which are normally isolated.

    55. How are API answers mocked up for testing?

    Ans:

    In order to prepare API answers for testing, mock objects or methods that mimic the real API’s behavior are created. This makes testing more controlled and predictable by enabling developers to test their code independently of the actual API. Comprehensive testing scenarios can be facilitated by defining expected behaviors and responses using mocking tools or frameworks.

    56. How important is HATEOAS for designing RESTful APIs?

    Ans:

    HATEOAS (Hypermedia as the Engine of Application State) is crucial for designing RESTful APIs as it enhances discoverability and navigation. By including hypermedia links in API responses, clients can dynamically navigate through the application, discovering available actions and resources. This makes the API more self-descriptive, reduces client coupling to URI structures, and fosters a more adaptable and evolvable system.

    57. Explain the idempotency design principles for APIs.

    Ans:

    A request can be safely repeated several times without resulting in unexpected side effects if it is idempotent. To accomplish idempotency in API architecture, idempotent actions (such as PUT, DELETE, and some POST requests) are made. Idempotent operations ensure consistency and predictability by ensuring that executing the same request twice will yield the same results

    58.How can a Web API’s speed be improved?

    Ans:

    By utilizing content delivery networks (CDNs), optimizing database queries, compressing replies, putting caching mechanisms in place, and using asynchronous processing, web API speed can be increased. Improved performance is also a result of reducing pointless data transfer, utilizing effective serialization formats, and improving code execution.

    59. Describe the pagination concept used in API answers.

    Ans:

    Large datasets can be managed by splitting them up into smaller, more manageable pieces or pages using the pagination approach in API answers. With parameters like page and page_size, clients can make particular page requests. Pagination speeds up system reaction times, balances resource use, and enhances overall performance.

    60. GraphQL: What is it and how is it different from REST?

    Ans:

    Clients can ask for exactly the data they require using GraphQL, an API query language. While REST provides several endpoints for various resources, GraphQL only has one endpoint and lets clients specify what data is needed. Since clients are only receiving the data they have requested, this offers greater flexibility and efficiency in data retrieval.

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    61. What is the difference between an API and a webhook?

    Ans:

    • A set of guidelines and resources called an API (Application Programming Interface) is used to create software applications and enables interoperability.
    • On the other hand, a webhook is a way to automatically start a process in reaction to anything. Webhooks are created especially for scenarios that are event-driven, whereas APIs are utilized for general-purpose communication.

    62. When is a webhook preferable to a conventional API?

    Ans:

    When real-time, event-driven notifications are needed, webhooks are the better option. With the use of a webhook, a server can transfer data to another system in response to particular events, as opposed to continuously querying for updates. Compared to periodic polling, this saves resources and lowers latency.

    63. What is the difference between HTTP and WebSocket?

    Ans:

    HTTP : A client and a server can communicate over the internet using the stateless HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol).

    Websockets : Full-duplex communication channels can be established over a single, persistent connection using the WebSocket communication protocol. WebSockets allow bidirectional communication for real-time applications, in contrast to HTTP’s request-response paradigm.

    64. What is an example of a situation where WebSockets are useful?

    Ans:

    WebSockets are helpful in applications like chat rooms, online gaming, live alerts, and collaborative editing when instantaneous, two-way communication is necessary. By doing away with the requirement for continuous polling, WebSockets lower latency and offer a more effective communication method.

    65. What are some well-liked tools for developing APIs?

    Ans:

    Delivery Man : A feature-rich API development and testing tool featuring an easy-to-use UI, automation capabilities, and collaborative tools.

    Swagger/OpenAPI : Helps in API design, documentation, and testing by providing a uniform, machine-readable format.

    Insomnia : Tool for testing and developing versatile APIs that supports GraphQL and has an intuitive interface with code generation.

    Paw : An API development, testing, and debugging environment that is dynamic is offered by this Mac-native program.

    Apiary : Develop, test, and document APIs with ease with this collaborative platform for API design.

    66. Could you elaborate on Postman’s function in API development and testing?

    Ans:

    With its intuitive UI for generating, submitting, and handling HTTP requests, Postman functions as a complete tool for API development and testing. Equipped with pre-written scripts, automated workflows, and a collection of requests, it streamlines API testing. Exchange of test scenarios and APIs is made possible using Postman, which makes teamwork easier. It is an important tool at every stage of the API development lifecycle because it also helps with API documentation.

    67. What security flaws are frequently present in Web APIs?

    Ans:

    Lack of encryption (HTTPS), inadequate authentication and authorization procedures, input validation problems that expose sensitive data, incorrect error handling that exposes sensitive data, and insufficient rate limiting that invites abuse or denial-of-service attacks are common security flaws in Web APIs.

    68. How would you manage validating data in API requests?

    Ans:

    By applying input validation, you can make sure that the data in API calls satisfies predetermined standards. Validating against business rules and examining data formats, lengths, and types are all included in this. Effective validation guarantees the integrity of the data being processed and helps prevent security flaws.

    69. What is the relationship between RESTful APIs and the Richardson Maturity Model?

    Ans:

    The RESTfulness levels of APIs are defined by the Richardson Maturity Model. Level 0 (Plain Old XML), Level 1 (Resources), Level 2 (HTTP Verbs), and Level 3 (Hypermedia Controls or HATEOAS) are the three levels in it. Reaching Level 3 denotes the maximum level of RESTfulness, in which clients can use hypermedia links to browse the application state and APIs are self-descriptive.

    70. Describe hypermedia as the application state engine (HATEOAS).

    Ans:

    The inclusion of hypermedia links in API responses is emphasized by the RESTful API design concept HATEOAS. By clicking on links the server provides, clients can dynamically navigate the state of the application. By doing this, clients are freed from particular URIs, increasing discoverability and the API’s flexibility to respond to changes.

    71. How does API development get affected by the serverless architecture?

    Ans:

    Because server administration is now the cloud provider’s duty, serverless architecture has an impact on API development. Because serverless systems use event-driven APIs, developers may concentrate on writing code rather than managing server provisioning. This encourages a pay-as-you-go resource consumption approach, improves scalability, and lowers operational overhead.

    72. List a few serverless platforms that are used to host APIs.

    Ans:

    Netlify: Netlify, best known for hosting static web pages, can handle serverless operations for dynamic API endpoints.

    Vercel: Vercel is a front-end deployment specialist that offers serverless features for hosting APIs.

    Functions of Firebase Cloud: Firebase Cloud Functions, a component of the Firebase platform, allows serverless computing and can be used to host APIs.

    Functions of Oracle Cloud: Serverless APIs can be implemented thanks to Oracle Cloud’s serverless computing capabilities, which are provided via Oracle Cloud Functions.

    73. Describe the steps involved in setting up a Web API.

    Ans:

    • Specify the endpoints and purpose of the API.
    • Select a technological stack (Express.js, ASP.NET, etc.).
    • Create the functionality and logic for the API.
    • Configure API endpoint routing.
    • Put data retrieval and storage into practice.
    • Install the middleware required for permission and authentication.
    • Set up the documentation for the API.
    • Utilizing programs like Postman, test the API.
    • Install the API on a web server.

    74. What factors should be taken into account while selecting an API hosting platform?

    Ans:

    Establish the endpoints and goal of a Web API before setting it up. Make a technological stack choice, create the logic, and put routing into practice. Put permission, authentication, and data storage systems in place. Deploy to a hosting platform, configure documentation, and test rigorously using tools like Postman to ensure accessibility.

    75. How may the functionality of a live API be observed?

    Ans:

    Scalability, pricing, geographic distribution, security features, integration potential, performance, and monitoring support are all important considerations when selecting an API hosting platform. All of these elements work together to make the platform suitable for fulfilling certain application needs and guaranteeing top-notch performance.

    76. Which metrics matter in API analytics?

    Ans:

    • Times of requests and responses
    • Mistake rates
    • Traffic on APIs utilized
    • Reliability
    • limiting rate statistics
    • Regional dispersion of enquiries

    77. What is GDPR and how does API development fall under its purview?

    Ans:

    The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) places stringent guidelines on the management of personal data. By putting in place user permission procedures, data access limits, and encryption, API developers may guarantee data security. Clear privacy rules, data portability, and the opportunity for users to request data deletion should all be provided by APIs.

    78. Describe the licensing and copyright concepts for APIs.

    Ans:

    The creative components of an API are protected by copyright, while licensing establishes the limits of their use. Developers must decide on a licensing model (open source, proprietary, etc.) and make sure that the terms are spelled out in the documentation. Unauthorized replication of original API design and implementation is prevented under copyright.

    79. Give an example of why you might pick GraphQL over REST.

    Ans:

    By enabling clients to request just the necessary data, GraphQL helps to minimize over-fetching. It streamlines versioning, offers a single endpoint for adaptable queries, and allows for real-time modifications. GraphQL works well in situations where quick data retrieval and adaptability in answers are essential.

    80. How would you manage versioning in a mobile application-consuming API?

    Ans:

    • Utilize version numbers (such as /v1/resource) in the API endpoint.
    • To prevent breaking already-existing apps, make modifications that are backwards compatible.
    • Provide concise versioning strategy documentation.
    • When indicating API versions in requests, think about utilizing headers or query parameters.

    81. Describe the significance of utilizing appropriate HTTP status codes.

    Ans:

    When developing APIs, it’s important to use the right HTTP status codes because they indicate the response to a request. Clients are informed about the success, failure, or nature of the response by unambiguous and consistent status codes. A 200 OK, for example, denotes success, whereas a 404 Not Found indicates that the resource you requested could not be found. When used properly, API interactions become more robust and dependable by improving communication between clients and servers

    82. How will you manage API updates that affect backward compatibility?

    Ans:

    Versioning is the process of adding new capabilities to an API update without affecting previously implemented functionality in order to maintain backward compatibility. Using version numbers in the API endpoint, continuing to support outdated features, and offering detailed documentation on versioning techniques are a few examples of how to do this. Changes that are backwards compatible facilitate the adoption of new features while ensuring a seamless transition for current users.

    83. Talk about the benefits and drawbacks of synchronous versus asynchronous API connection.

    Ans:

    Synchronous API connections: In synchronous API connections, the client waits for a response before proceeding. They function in real time. Even if they are easier, they can cause latency.

    Asynchronous connections: In contrast, asynchronous connections let the client carry on with its tasks immediately while waiting for a response. Use cases determine the best option: synchronous for instantaneous outcomes, asynchronous for non-blocking activities.

    84. How can a Web API and database be safely connected?

    Ans:

    Using secure connection strings, putting in place suitable authentication procedures, and encrypting data while it’s in transit are all necessary for securely connecting a Web API and database. SQL injection attacks can be avoided by using parameterized queries, and access constraints guarantee that only approved API calls are able to communicate with the database.

    85. Describe the idea of an object-relational mapping, or ORM, in the context of API development.

    Ans:

    By mapping database objects to objects in programming languages, ORM streamlines database interactions. This abstraction eliminates the need for intricate SQL queries by enabling developers to interface with databases using well-known programming constructs. ORM frameworks in API development enable smooth database integration, improving the intuitiveness of data retrieval and manipulation.

    86. Describe Docker

    Ans:

    Developers may maintain consistency across development, testing, and production environments by packaging apps and their dependencies into containers using Docker.

    87. How may Docker be applied to the deployment of APIs?

    Ans:

    By enclosing the application and its dependencies in containers, Docker streamlines the deployment of APIs. The uniformity that containers provide across many environments facilitates a smooth deployment process. Docker improves versioning, scalability, and portability while streamlining API administration in general.

    88. Talk about the benefits of containerization for developing APIs.

    Ans:

    In API development, containerization ensures consistent performance across environments. It facilitates smooth scalability and effectively adjusts to changing demands. Containers optimize consumption through resource efficiency, resulting in shorter startup times and better utilization. Because containers package all dependencies, there are fewer compatibility issues, which simplifies the deployment process. All things considered, containerization improves API development by offering deployment that is simpler, more scalable, agile, and efficient with resources.

    89. How can a Web API and database be safely connected?

    Ans:

    Strong authentication procedures, encrypted data transmission, appropriate access controls, and secure connection techniques are all necessary to provide a secure connection between a Web API and a database. The security and integrity of the data flow between the database and the API are enhanced by these steps taken together.

    90. Describe API governance and explain its significance.

    Ans:

    Throughout the API development lifecycle, policies, standards, and best practices are established and enforced as part of API governance. It guarantees security, uniformity, and commitment to company objectives. Good governance supports API interoperability, scalability, and maintainability, which builds an ecosystem for APIs that is sustainable and well-managed.

    91.How can a development team enforce API design standards?

    Ans:

    To keep consistency and coherence across projects, development teams must enforce API design guidelines. It is essential to establish a thorough set of principles covering topics like data formats, endpoint architectures, and naming conventions. Regular code reviews guarantee that these guidelines are followed, enabling teams to spot and fix design errors early in the development cycle.

    92. What new trends do you anticipate in the Web API development space?

    Ans:

    • One of the anticipated developments in Web API development is the sustained uptake of GraphQL for faster data retrieval. It is anticipated that machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) integration into APIs would increase, offering more sophisticated analytics
    • and automation features. To counter evolving threats, enhanced security techniques like API security testing will probably become more common. It is also expected that serverless architectures would continue to advance, providing scalable and affordable alternatives for the implementation of APIs.

    93.How is code quality in API development ensured?

    Ans:

    Ensuring code quality in API development is paramount for building robust and maintainable applications. This involves implementing rigorous code reviews, where team members assess adherence to coding standards, identify potential issues, and share best practices. Automated testing tools play a crucial role in validating functionality and identifying bugs early in the development cycle.

    94. How can Web API development be affected by blockchain technology?

    Ans:

    Blockchain technology offers decentralized, tamper-resistant data storage, which can have an impact on Web API development. Self-executing agreements are made possible by smart contracts on blockchain platforms, and APIs can use blockchain technology to exchange data in a transparent and safe manner. Blockchain integration, however, brings additional challenges and factors to think about, such as data privacy and consensus processes.

    95. Talk about how AI might be used to improve API performance.

    Ans:

    Predictive analytics, anomaly detection, and automatic optimizations are three ways AI can improve API speed. Algorithms driven by AI are capable of examining consumption trends, spotting possible bottlenecks, and dynamically modifying resources to maximize API efficiency and responsiveness.

    96. In the context of APIs, why is self-documenting code important?

    Ans:

    For code in APIs to be understandable and clear, it must self-document. Properly documented APIs facilitate developer learning, improve teamwork, and expedite integration. Self-documenting code makes API usage more approachable and user-friendly by clearly outlining endpoints, arguments, and answers.

    97.How is authentication handled in a mobile application that uses a Web API?

    Ans:

    Authentication in a mobile app-consuming API involves implementing secure methods to verify the identity of users and ensure authorized access. Common approaches include OAuth 2.0, which enables delegated access with tokens, and API keys, providing a simple and secure way to authenticate requests. OAuth 2.0 facilitates user authorization without exposing credentials, while API keys authenticate the app itself. Additionally, incorporating secure transport protocols such as HTTPS ensures the confidentiality of data during transmission.

    98. Talk about the factors to take into account while optimizing APIs for use with mobile apps.

    Ans:

    A number of variables need to be carefully considered while optimizing APIs for mobile apps. Prioritize bandwidth efficiency first in order to reduce data transfer and guarantee a more seamless user experience. Secondly, reduce the amount of API queries and responses to minimize latency and speed up the app’s loading time. Third, give customers’ data plans priority by only sending the information that is really necessary. Fourth, put in place caching techniques to locally store data that is often accessed, eliminating the need for repeated API calls.

    99. What are WebSockets, and what distinguishes them from the conventional HTTP protocol?

    Ans:

    A communication protocol called WebSockets enables real-time, bidirectional data flow over persistent connections between clients and servers. For continuous, low-latency communication, WebSockets retain a long-lived connection in contrast to traditional HTTP, which uses a request-response approach with short-lived connections. For real-time applications like gaming, chat, and live updates, they work well.

    100. Configure an example RESTful API endpoint URL.

    Ans:

    • Following conventions improves organization and clarity when creating a RESTful API endpoint URL. Using https://api.example.com/v1/users as an example, consider the URL.
    • Here, it is evident what the domain (api.example.com), versioning (/v1/), and protocol (https://) are. Users serve as the endpoint, signifying the particular resource that is being accessed.
    • Both developers and users may easily navigate and grasp this well-organized framework. By adhering to these norms, resource access is made more consistent and straightforward while also fostering the development of an intuitive and standardized API.

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