25+ Tricky SAP FICO Interview Questions with SMART ANSWERS
SAP FICO Interview Questions and Answers

25+ Tricky SAP FICO Interview Questions with SMART ANSWERS

Last updated on 04th Jul 2020, Blog, Interview Questions

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SAP FICO, which stands for Financial Accounting (FI) and Controlling (CO), is a critical module within the SAP ERP system, playing a pivotal role in managing an organization’s financial processes. In Financial Accounting, SAP FICO encompasses functionalities such as General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, and Asset Accounting. The General Ledger provides an overarching view of financial transactions, while Accounts Payable and Receivable manage outgoing and incoming payments, respectively. Asset Accounting tracks and manages fixed assets, covering acquisition, depreciation, and disposal.

1. Explain the concept of parallel accounting in SAP FICO.

Ans:

Parallel accounting in SAP FICO involves managing multiple sets of accounting principles simultaneously. This enables companies to meet statutory and internal reporting requirements. For instance, a company might follow both IFRS and local GAAP. Configuration involves defining parallel ledgers, each associated with a specific accounting principle. By assigning accounting principles to company codes, transactions are recorded in parallel, allowing the generation of financial statements based on different standards.

2. What is the purpose of SAP FICO’s Internal Orders?

Ans:

  • Internal Orders in SAP FICO serve as temporary cost collectors for specific activities or projects.
  • They enable organizations to monitor and control costs associated with short-term objectives.
  • Internal Orders facilitate the allocation of expenses to different cost objects, supporting detailed reporting and analysis.

3. What is Document Splitting, and why is it important in SAP FICO?

Ans:

Document Splitting in SAP FICO ensures a detailed breakdown of financial transactions for complex reporting and compliance. It segments line items within a document, classifying them based on defined characteristics like business area or profit center. This enhances transparency in financial reporting and facilitates compliance with legal requirements.

4. Explain the purpose of the SAP Asset Accounting module.

Ans:

SAP Asset Accounting manages and tracks an organization’s fixed assets throughout their lifecycle. It involves recording, monitoring, and depreciating assets, ensuring accurate financial reporting.

Asset Accounting facilitates seamless integration with other SAP modules, such as General Ledger and Controlling, providing a comprehensive overview of asset-related transactions.

SAP FICO Asset Accounting

5. Explain the purpose of SAP FICO’s New General Ledger (New GL).

Ans:

  • Facilitates real-time integration of financial and management accounting.
  • Provides a unified view of financial data.
  • Enhances flexibility in reporting, parallel accounting, and document splitting.
  • Simplifies complex financial processes, improving transparency.
  • Introduces segments like profit centers and cost elements for detailed analysis.

6. Describe the significance of the SAP New General Ledger (New GL) in financial accounting.

Ans:

The SAP New General Ledger (New GL) introduces advanced features to traditional General Ledger accounting. It enables real-time integration of financial and management accounting, offering a unified view of financial data. New GL provides enhanced flexibility in reporting, parallel accounting, and document splitting. This simplifies complex financial processes, improves transparency, and supports better decision-making.

7. What is the purpose of the SAP FSCM (Financial Supply Chain Management) module?

Ans:

  • SAP FSCM optimizes financial processes, focusing on managing an organization’s financial supply chain.
  • It includes functionalities like credit management, cash and liquidity management, and collections management.
  • By integrating these processes, FSCM enhances cash flow, reduces credit risks, and improves overall financial efficiency.

8. Explain the significance of the Controlling (CO) module in SAP FICO.

Ans:

The Controlling (CO) module in SAP FICO plays a vital role in supporting internal reporting and decision-making. It provides tools for cost accounting, profitability analysis, and internal orders. Cost elements, cost centers, and profit centers are key components that enable detailed tracking and analysis of costs. CO facilitates the allocation of indirect costs to various cost objects, aiding management in assessing the performance and profitability of different business segments

9. How does SAP FICO handle foreign currency valuation?

Ans:

SAP FICO manages foreign currency valuation to assess the impact of currency fluctuations on financial statements. This process involves evaluating open items, such as accounts payable and receivable, in foreign currencies. The valuation ensures accurate financial reporting, compliance with accounting standards, and reflects the true economic value of transactions.

10. Describe the integration between SAP FICO and Material Management module.

Ans:

The integration between SAP FICO and the Material Management (MM) module ensures a seamless flow of information between financial and procurement processes. When a procurement transaction occurs in MM, it triggers corresponding accounting entries in FICO. This integration supports real-time financial reporting by capturing procurement-related financial data instantly. It enhances transparency and accuracy in financial statements, allowing organizations to monitor and control expenditures effectively.

11. Differentiate between Cost Center Accounting and Profit Center Accounting.

Ans:

  Aspect Cost Center Accounting Profit Center Accounting
Focus

Internal cost control

Revenue, cost, and profit analysis
Objective Efficient resource utilization Profitability and decision-making
Scope Internal cost allocation Internal and external performance
Reporting

Internal cost and resource reports

Revenue, cost, and profit reports

12. Explain the concept of Lockbox Processing in SAP FICO.

Ans:

Lockbox Processing in SAP FICO streamlines the handling of incoming customer payments. It involves automatically processing payments received through a lockbox service provided by banks. By automating the reconciliation of customer payments with open items in Accounts Receivable, Lockbox Processing enhances efficiency and reduces manual efforts. This accelerates the cash application process, ensuring accurate and timely updates to customer accounts.

13. How does SAP FICO support Intercompany Processing?

Ans:

SAP FICO facilitates Intercompany Processing to manage financial transactions between different entities within the same corporate group. This involves recording and reconciling intercompany transactions, ensuring accurate consolidation of financial data. Intercompany Processing enhances transparency, eliminates discrepancies, and supports compliance with regulatory requirements.

14. What is the significance of SAP FICO’s Document Splitting in financial reporting?

Ans:

  • Manages multiple sets of accounting principles simultaneously.
  • Facilitates a detailed breakdown of financial transactions for reporting.
  • Ensures compliance with statutory and internal reporting requirements.
  • Defines parallel ledgers associated with specific accounting principles.

15. What is the significance of SAP FICO’s Special Purpose Ledger (SPL) in financial reporting?

Ans:

The Special Purpose Ledger (SPL) in SAP FICO serves as a powerful tool for creating custom financial reports. It allows organizations to meet specific reporting requirements that cannot be addressed by standard SAP reports. SPL enables the extraction and consolidation of data from multiple sources, facilitating the creation of tailored financial statements.

16. How does SAP FICO handle the concept of Negative Posting?

Ans:

Negative Posting in SAP FICO involves posting a reversal entry with a negative amount to correct a previously posted document. This functionality is often used to correct errors in financial transactions, such as incorrect postings or overpayments. Negative Posting ensures that the reversal entry exactly offsets the original error, maintaining the integrity of financial data.

17. Explain the purpose of SAP FICO’s Accrual Engine.

Ans:

  • SAP FICO’s Accrual Engine automates the process of recognizing accruals in financial accounting.
  • It calculates and posts accruals for expenses or revenues that have not yet been fully realized or invoiced.
  • By automating this process, the Accrual Engine enhances accuracy in financial reporting by ensuring that financial statements reflect the economic reality of transactions.

18. What is the role of Asset Under Construction (AUC) in SAP FICO?

Ans:

  • Allows capitalization of costs during asset construction.
  • Provides visibility into construction-in-progress costs.
  • Streamlines the capitalization process for effective cost tracking.
  • Enables accurate management of capital expenditures.
  • Ensures precise capitalization of costs when the asset is in use.

19. How does SAP FICO’s Lockbox Processing streamline payment handling?

Ans:

  • Automates incoming customer payment processing.
  • Utilizes bank-provided lockbox services.
  • Accelerates cash application by reconciling payments with open items.
  • Minimizes manual efforts in payment reconciliation.
  • Enhances cash management efficiency.

20. Explain the purpose of SAP FICO’s Intercompany Processing.

Ans:

  • Manages financial transactions between entities in the same corporate group.
  • Records and reconciles intercompany transactions for accurate consolidation.
  • Enhances transparency and eliminates discrepancies.
  • Supports compliance with regulatory requirements.
  • Ensures synchronized financial reporting for multinational companies.

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    21. What is the role of the SAP FICO Special Ledger in managing parallel accounting?

    Ans:

    The SAP FICO Special Ledger is a key component in managing parallel accounting scenarios. It allows organizations to set up custom ledgers tailored to specific reporting requirements. Special Ledger entries can be posted in parallel with standard ledgers, providing a mechanism to capture additional financial information.

    22. Explain the concept of SAP FICO’s Tax Configuration.

    Ans:

    • SAP FICO’s Tax Configuration involves setting up and managing tax-related parameters to ensure accurate and compliant tax calculations.
    • This includes defining tax codes, rates, and jurisdiction-specific rules.
    • The Tax Configuration in SAP FICO supports compliance with various tax regulations, both at the national and international levels.

    23. Describe the role of the Payment Program in SAP FICO.

    Ans:

    The Payment Program in SAP FICO automates the generation of outgoing payments, optimizing the payment process for vendors and creditors. It consolidates payment requests, taking into account due dates, payment terms, and available cash. The Payment Program supports various payment methods and formats, streamlining the creation of payment files. By automating payment processes, organizations can enhance efficiency, reduce manual errors, and ensure timely payments.

    24. What is the significance of SAP FICO’s Special Ledger in financial reporting?

    Ans:

    • Enables the creation of custom financial reports.
    • Meets specific reporting requirements not addressed by standard SAP reports.
    • Extracts and consolidates data from multiple sources.
    • Facilitates tailored financial statements.
    • Valuable for companies with diverse structures or reporting obligations.

    25. How does SAP FICO handle Bank Statement Reconciliation?

    Ans:

    • Automates reconciliation of bank statements.
    • Matches SAP transactions with bank-reported transactions.
    • Minimizes discrepancies and identifies errors.
    • Enhances accuracy in cash and bank-related accounts.
    • Crucial for maintaining financial reporting integrity.

    26. How does SAP FICO handle the reconciliation of Bank Statements?

    Ans:

    SAP FICO automates the reconciliation of bank statements to ensure accurate and up-to-date financial records. The Bank Statement Reconciliation process involves matching transactions recorded in SAP with those reported by the bank. This automated reconciliation minimizes discrepancies, identifies errors, and enhances the accuracy of cash and bank-related accounts.

    27. Explain the concept of SAP FICO’s Validation and Substitution.

    Ans:

    Validation and Substitution in SAP FICO are tools used to enforce data integrity by validating and substituting data during the document posting process. Validations ensure that posted documents meet predefined criteria, preventing errors and maintaining data accuracy. Substitutions allow the automatic modification of document data based on specified rules.

    28. Describe the purpose of SAP FICO’s Credit Management functionality.

    Ans:

    SAP FICO’s Credit Management functionality is designed to monitor and control an organization’s credit exposure. It involves setting credit limits for customers, evaluating their creditworthiness, and managing credit risks. By automating credit checks and credit limit enforcement, Credit Management helps prevent excessive credit exposure and potential bad debt.

    29. How does SAP FICO handle the integration with External Systems?

    Ans:

    SAP FICO supports seamless integration with external systems, allowing for the exchange of financial data with other applications or platforms. This integration can involve interfaces with banking systems, third-party reporting tools, or other business applications. The benefits of such integration include improved efficiency, reduced manual data entry, and enhanced accuracy in financial reporting.

    30. Describe the purpose of SAP FICO’s Validation and Substitution.

    Ans:

    • Enforces data integrity during document posting.
    • Validations ensure documents meet predefined criteria.
    • Substitutions allow automatic modification based on specified rules.
    • Enhances control over data quality.
    • Supports compliance with business rules.

    31. How does SAP FICO’s Credit Management mitigate credit risks?

    Ans:

    • Monitors and controls an organization’s credit exposure.
    • Sets credit limits for customers.
    • Evaluates creditworthiness and manages credit risks.
    • Automates credit checks and limit enforcement.
    • Ensures informed credit decisions and optimal cash flow.

    32. Explain the purpose of SAP FICO’s Budgeting and Planning functionality.

    Ans:

    • Supports creation and management of budgets for different units.
    • Involves setting budgetary targets and monitoring performance.
    • Analyzes variances for informed adjustments.
    • Provides a structured framework for financial resource planning.
    • Enhances financial discipline and resource allocation.

    33. What role does SAP FICO’s Closing Cockpit play in financial closing?

    Ans:

    • Streamlines the financial closing process.
    • Provides a centralized tool for systematic period-end activities.
    • Defines and executes tasks such as reconciliations and accruals.
    • Offers transparency into closing task status.
    • Facilitates collaboration among departments for timely reporting.

    34. Explain the concept of SAP FICO’s Budgeting and Planning functionality.

    Ans:

    SAP FICO’s Budgeting and Planning functionality supports the creation and management of budgets for different organizational units. It involves setting budgetary targets, monitoring actual performance against budget, and analyzing variances. This functionality contributes to financial control by providing a structured framework for planning and managing financial resources.

    35. Describe the purpose of SAP FICO’s Closing Cockpit.

    Ans:

    • SAP FICO’s Closing Cockpit is a centralized tool that streamlines the financial closing process, ensuring a systematic and controlled approach to period-end activities.
    • It involves defining and executing a sequence of tasks required for closing, such as reconciliations, accruals, and reporting.
    • The Closing Cockpit provides transparency into the status of each closing task, facilitates collaboration among different departments, and helps meet tight reporting deadlines.
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    36. Explain the purpose of the SAP FICO Special Ledger in financial reporting.

    Ans:

    The SAP FICO Special Ledger plays a critical role in managing parallel accounting scenarios. It allows organizations to set up custom ledgers tailored to specific reporting requirements. Special Ledger entries can be posted in parallel with standard ledgers, providing a mechanism to capture additional financial information.

    37. What is the concept of Asset Under Construction (AUC) in SAP FICO?

    Ans:

    Asset Under Construction (AUC) in SAP FICO addresses the unique accounting requirements associated with constructing assets. It allows organizations to capitalize costs related to asset construction before the asset is completed and ready for productive use. AUC functionality streamlines the capitalization process, providing a clear view of construction-in-progress costs.

    38. Describe the role of the Payment Program in SAP FICO.

    Ans:

    The Payment Program in SAP FICO automates the generation of outgoing payments, optimizing the payment process for vendors and creditors. It consolidates payment requests, taking into account due dates, payment terms, and available cash. The Payment Program supports various payment methods and formats, streamlining the creation of payment files. By automating payment processes, organizations can enhance efficiency, reduce manual errors, and ensure timely payments.

    39. How does SAP FICO handle the reconciliation of Bank Statements?

    Ans:

    • SAP FICO automates the reconciliation of bank statements to ensure accurate and up-to-date financial records.
    • The Bank Statement Reconciliation process involves matching transactions recorded in SAP with those reported by the bank.
    • This automated reconciliation minimizes discrepancies, identifies errors, and enhances the accuracy of cash and bank-related accounts.

    40. Describe the integration between SAP FICO and Materials Management (MM) modules.

    Ans:

    • Ensures a seamless flow of information between financial and procurement processes.
    • Triggers accounting entries in FICO when procurement transactions occur in MM.
    • Supports real-time financial reporting by capturing procurement-related data.
    • Enhances transparency and accuracy in financial statements.
    • Enables effective monitoring and control of expenditures.

    41. What is the purpose of SAP FICO’s Tax Configuration?

    Ans:

    • Involves setting up and managing tax-related parameters.
    • Defines tax codes, rates, and jurisdiction-specific rules.
    • Ensures accurate and compliant tax calculations.
    • Supports compliance with national and international tax regulations.
    • Provides a robust framework for handling complex tax scenarios.

    42. Why is SAP FICO’s foreign currency valuation necessary for multinational companies?

    Ans:

    • Ensures accurate financial reporting and compliance with accounting standards.
    • Reflects the true economic value of transactions.
    • Crucial for multinational companies to present a realistic portrayal of financial positions.

    43. What is the significance of SAP FICO’s Document Splitting in financial reporting?

    Ans:

    • Manages multiple sets of accounting principles simultaneously.
    • Facilitates a detailed breakdown of financial transactions for reporting.
    • Ensures compliance with statutory and internal reporting requirements.
    • Defines parallel ledgers associated with specific accounting principles.

    44. How does SAP FICO handle the concept of Tax Configuration.

    Ans:

    • Involves setting up and managing tax-related parameters.
    • Defines tax codes, rates, and jurisdiction-specific rules.
    • Ensures accurate and compliant tax calculations.
    • Supports compliance with national and international tax regulations.

    45. How does SAP FICO’s Validation and Substitution enhance data integrity?

    Ans:

    Validation and Substitution in SAP FICO are tools used to enforce data integrity by validating and substituting data during the document posting process. Validations ensure that posted documents meet predefined criteria, preventing errors and maintaining data accuracy. Substitutions allow the automatic modification of document data based on specified rules.

    46. Describe the purpose of SAP FICO’s Credit Management functionality.

    Ans:

    SAP FICO’s Credit Management functionality is designed to monitor and control an organization’s credit exposure. It involves setting credit limits for customers, evaluating their creditworthiness, and managing credit risks. By automating credit checks and credit limit enforcement, Credit Management helps prevent excessive credit exposure and potential bad debt. This functionality ensures that organizations can make informed credit decisions, optimize cash flow, and maintain a healthy balance between sales and credit risk.

    47. What are the benefits of integration with External Systems?

    Ans:

    • SAP FICO supports seamless integration with external systems, allowing for the exchange of financial data with other applications or platforms.
    • This integration can involve interfaces with banking systems, third-party reporting tools, or other business applications.

    48. Explain the concept of SAP FICO’s Budgeting and Planning functionality, and how does it contribute to financial control?

    Ans:

    SAP FICO’s Budgeting and Planning functionality supports the creation and management of budgets for different organizational units. It involves setting budgetary targets, monitoring actual performance against budget, and analyzing variances. This functionality contributes to financial control by providing a structured framework for planning and managing financial resources. Organizations can align their spending with strategic objectives, track performance against financial goals, and make informed adjustments as needed. Budgeting and Planning in SAP FICO enhance financial discipline and support effective resource allocation.

    49. How does SAP FICO’s Closing Cockpit streamline the financial closing process?

    Ans:

    SAP FICO’s Closing Cockpit is a centralized tool that streamlines the financial closing process, ensuring a systematic and controlled approach to period-end activities. It involves defining and executing a sequence of tasks required for closing, such as reconciliations, accruals, and reporting. The Closing Cockpit provides transparency into the status of each closing task, facilitates collaboration among different departments, and helps meet tight reporting deadlines. By standardizing and automating closing processes, organizations can improve the efficiency of financial closing and reporting, reducing the risk of errors and ensuring timely and accurate financial statements.

    50. Describe the integration between SAP FICO and Materials Management (MM) modules.

    Ans:

    • Ensures a seamless flow of information between financial and procurement processes.
    • Triggers accounting entries in FICO when procurement transactions occur in MM.
    • Supports real-time financial reporting by capturing procurement-related data.
    • Enhances transparency and accuracy in financial statements.
    • Enables effective monitoring and control of expenditures.

    51. How are SAP FICO’s Internal Orders used in controlling?

    Ans:

    • Serve as temporary cost collectors for specific activities or projects.
    • Enable monitoring and control of costs associated with short-term objectives.
    • Facilitate the allocation of expenses to different cost objects.
    • Support detailed reporting and analysis.
    • Provide a structured approach to tracking costs and assessing financial performance.

    52. How does SAP FICO handle the integration with External Systems?

    Ans:

    • Supports seamless integration for exchanging financial data.
    • Involves interfaces with banking systems, third-party reporting tools, or other applications.
    • Improves efficiency by reducing manual data entry.
    • Enhances accuracy in financial reporting.
    • Ensures a cohesive and interconnected financial management environment.

    53. Explain the concept of SAP FICO’s Special Purpose Ledger (SPL).

    Ans:

    • Functions as a tool for creating custom financial reports.
    • Meets specific reporting requirements not addressed by standard SAP reports.
    • Extracts and consolidates data from multiple sources.
    • Facilitates the creation of tailored financial statements.
    • Provides flexibility for companies with diverse structures or reporting obligations.

    54. What is the posting key? What function does it fulfill?

    Ans:

    In the intricate world of SAP FICO, a posting key, identified by its two-digit numerical code, plays a multifaceted role. It acts as a transactional compass, determining whether a financial entry is a debit, credit, or a special transaction. This pivotal identifier orchestrates the symphony of accounting by channeling transactions to their designated general ledger accounts.

    55. How does SAP FICO’s Asset Accounting module contribute to financial reporting?

    Ans:

    The SAP Asset Accounting module is instrumental in managing and tracking an organization’s fixed assets throughout their lifecycle. It involves recording, monitoring, and depreciating assets, ensuring accurate financial reporting. Asset Accounting facilitates seamless integration with other SAP modules, such as General Ledger and Controlling, providing a comprehensive overview of asset-related transactions. This module is essential for organizations to optimize asset utilization, comply with accounting standards, and make informed decisions regarding asset investments and retirements.

    56. Explain the role of SAP FICO in Asset Accounting.

    Ans:

    • Manages and tracks fixed assets throughout their lifecycle.
    • Involves recording, monitoring, and depreciating assets.
    • Facilitates seamless integration with General Ledger and Controlling modules.
    • Provides a comprehensive overview of asset-related transactions.
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    57. What is the purpose of SAP FICO’s Special Purpose Ledger (SPL)?

    Ans:

    SAP FICO’s Special Purpose Ledger (SPL) allows organizations to create customized ledgers for specific reporting requirements, providing flexibility in managing diverse financial data and meeting unique reporting needs beyond standard SAP FICO functionalities.

    58. What is SAP FICO’s primary use?

    Ans:

    At the heart of an organization’s financial nerve center, SAP FICO reigns supreme as the primary module for financial accounting and controlling. Its expansive repertoire includes orchestrating the general ledger, managing accounts payable and receivable, overseeing asset accounting, and conducting a symphony of cost management, ensuring the harmonious flow of financial operations.

    59. List the key components of SAP FI’s organization.

    Ans:

    SAP FI’s organizational components include the Company Code, representing an independent accounting entity, Business Area for specific reporting, and Consolidation Business Area for group reporting.

    60. What function does credit control serve?

    Ans:

    • Within the dynamic financial tapestry of SAP FICO, credit control emerges as a vigilant guardian.
    • It sets the stage for managing customer credit limits, executing meticulous credit checks, and navigating the labyrinth of customer receivables.
    • The function serves as a sentinel against credit risks, ensuring a resilient financial foundation.

    61. Can a business code have more than one Chart of Accounts?

    Ans:

    The business code, often synonymous with the company code, in SAP FICO is a chameleon of financial identity. Remarkably, it possesses the ability to seamlessly align with multiple Charts of Accounts, offering organizations the liberty to paint their financial landscape with diverse reporting palettes without compromising structural integrity.

    62. What is the purpose of SAP FICO’s business code?

    Ans:

    The business code, akin to a financial DNA, carries the essence of an independent accounting entity within SAP FICO. It transcends the mundane and becomes the key to unlocking legally compliant financial statements and reports, forging a connection between internal financial narratives and external stakeholder expectations.

    63. How does SAP FICO use the Chart of Accounts?

    Ans:

    The Chart of Accounts stands as the architectural blueprint of SAP FICO, housing the myriad financial elements within its structured framework. It transcends mere categorization, becoming the cornerstone for classifying financial transactions, sculpting accurate financial statements, and offering a standardized lexicon for the financial narrative.

    64. In the SAP calendar, what is the year shift?

    Ans:

    • In the temporal realm of SAP FICO’s calendar, a year shift becomes the mechanism for temporal transcendence.
    • It occurs when the fiscal year boldly departs from the confines of the calendar year, signaling a departure from convention.
    • This temporal choreography ensures that financial reporting aligns seamlessly with the unique rhythm and cadence of an organization’s fiscal chronicle.

    65. List the different kinds of modules that FI is integrated with.

    Ans:

    SAP FI is seamlessly integrated with various modules, including SAP MM (Materials Management), SAP SD (Sales and Distribution), SAP HCM (Human Capital Management), SAP PP (Production Planning), and SAP WM (Warehouse Management), among others.

    66. In SAP FICO, how are input and output taxes handled?

    Ans:

    • Input and output taxes in SAP FICO are managed through the Tax Calculation Procedure.
    • Input tax is recorded during the purchase process, while output tax is recorded during the sales process.
    • The tax codes and tax calculation procedures are configured to ensure accurate tax accounting.

    67. Which fields of application make use of replacements and validation?

    Ans:

    Replacements and validations in SAP FICO are utilized in various fields of application, such as document entry, master data maintenance, and reporting. They enable organizations to enforce specific rules, checks, and substitutions to ensure data accuracy and compliance with business rules.

    68. What is a fiscal year variety that depends on the year?

    Ans:

    • A fiscal year variant that depends on the year is known as a year-dependent fiscal year variant.
    • This allows organizations to customize their fiscal year to start and end on specific dates, providing flexibility in financial reporting.

    69. What procedures are followed when uploading G/L?

    Ans:

    G/L (General Ledger) uploads in SAP FICO typically involve using transaction codes like FB01 or FB50 for manual journal entries, LSMW (Legacy System Migration Workbench) for mass data uploads, or BAPIs (Business Application Programming Interfaces) for programmatic data transfers.

    70. What purpose does the Financial Statement Version (FSV) of SAP FICO fulfil?

    Ans:

    • SAP FICO’s Financial Statement Version (FSV) serves to define the structure and layout of financial statements.
    • It allows organizations to customize the presentation of financial data in reports, ensuring alignment with internal and external reporting requirements.

    71. Which payment options are available to vendors?

    Ans:

    Vendors in SAP FICO can be paid through various methods, including automatic payment programs (APP), manual payments using transaction F-53, and check payments through transaction FCH5.

    72. What role do financial statements have in a company’s SAP FICO score?

    Ans:

    • Financial statements in SAP FICO play a crucial role in assessing a company’s financial health and performance.
    • They contribute to the calculation of key financial metrics and indicators that influence the overall SAP FICO score, reflecting the organization’s financial strength.

    73. List all of the standard G/L reports in SAP FI.

    Ans:

    Standard G/L reports in SAP FI include the Trial Balance (T-Code: F.01), Balance Sheet (T-Code: S_ALR_87012277), Profit and Loss Statement (T-Code: S_PL0_86000028), and Cash Flow Statement (T-Code: S_C00_29700142), among others.

    74. What does SAP FICO’s “Document type” mean?

    Ans:

    • In SAP FICO, the “Document Type” is a key parameter that classifies accounting transactions based on their business purpose.
    • It determines the type of document being created, such as a customer invoice, vendor payment, or journal entry, and influences the entry behavior and processing rules.

    75. What in SAP FICO are variants of the posting and accounting periods?

    Ans:

    Variants of posting periods control the time frames during which accounting transactions can be posted, while accounting periods determine the periods for which financial data is reported. These variants provide flexibility in aligning with organizational reporting requirements.

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    76. How do account receivables become used?

    Ans:

    • Accounts Receivables in SAP FICO represent amounts owed to an organization by customers for goods or services provided on credit.
    • They become used as a source of working capital and impact cash flow and liquidity.

    77. Which benefits may a corporation expect from utilizing business areas?

    Ans:

    Corporations benefit from using business areas in SAP FICO by enabling segmented financial reporting, facilitating internal profit and loss statements, and meeting specific reporting requirements for different segments of the business.

    78. When we set up the business area, what potential issues may arise?

    Ans:

    Potential issues when setting up business areas in SAP FICO include complexities in data maintenance, increased system processing times, and challenges in mapping and reconciling transactions across multiple business areas.

    79. Describe FI-GL Accounting. What makes it useful?

    Ans:

    FI-GL Accounting in SAP FICO refers to General Ledger Accounting, encompassing the core functionalities of managing the chart of accounts, general ledger accounts, and financial statements.

    It is useful for maintaining accurate financial records, supporting reporting, and ensuring compliance with accounting standards.

    80. How do you use SAP FICO’s local and parallel currencies?

    Ans:

    SAP FICO allows organizations to use local currencies for daily transactions and reporting, while parallel currencies can be configured for additional reporting needs or group consolidation, providing financial flexibility and compliance with diverse reporting requirements.

    81. Which customizations are necessary before clearing documents?

    Ans:

    Before clearing documents in SAP FICO, customizations may involve configuring document types, defining clearing accounts, setting up tolerance groups for employees, and ensuring proper authorization controls.

    82. In SAP FICO, who are the one-time vendors?

    Ans:

    • One-time vendors in SAP FICO are vendors with whom an organization has infrequent or ad-hoc transactions.
    • They are created for specific transactions without the need for maintaining a long-term vendor master record.

    83. Which SAP FI “blocks” may be added to a vendor account?

    Ans:

    First of all the payment made to a vendor is posted on an interim bank clearing account. Subsequently, while operating reconciliation, an entry is posted to the Main bank account. One can do bank reconciliation either manually or electronically.

    84. Which SAP FI “blocks” may be added to a vendor account?

    Ans:

    Various blocks can be added to vendor accounts in SAP FI, such as payment blocks to prevent payment processing, goods receipt (GR) blocks to restrict further goods receipt, and invoice blocks to prevent invoice verification.

    85. How important is the SAP FICO GR/IR clearing account?

    Ans:

    • The Goods Receipt/Invoice Receipt (GR/IR) clearing account in SAP FICO is crucial for reconciling the goods receipt and invoice receipt processes.
    • It helps ensure that there is a proper match between goods received and invoices before payment, maintaining accuracy in financial reporting and preventing discrepancies.

    86. How does SAP FICO define WIP?

    Ans:

    WIP is an acronym for work in progress in SAP FICO. It represents the value of goods and services that have been partially completed but not yet delivered to the customer. WIP is often used in industries where long-term projects or manufacturing processes result in gradual completion of deliverables.

    87. What does a customer’s block mean in SAP FI?

    Ans:

    A customer’s block in SAP FI refers to a restriction placed on a customer account, preventing certain transactions or activities. It could be a payment block, which inhibits the processing of outgoing payments to the customer, or a delivery block, restricting the release of goods to the customer until the block is removed.

    88. Which SAP FICO tables are the most crucial?

    Ans:

    BKPF: Accounting Document Header Data

    BSEG: Accounting Document Segment Data

    KNA1: Customer Master (General Data)

    LFA1: Vendor Master (General Section)

    T001: Company Codes

    T003: Document Types

    89. In what way would you define the invoice verification tolerances?

    Ans:

    Invoice verification tolerances in SAP FICO refer to the acceptable limits or variations allowed during the processing of invoices. These tolerances are set to manage discrepancies between purchase orders, goods receipts, and incoming invoices. They include tolerance limits for price, quantity, and currency differences, ensuring that minor variations do not hinder the invoice verification process.

    90. What does the term “short-end fiscal year” mean?

    Ans:

    In SAP FICO, the term “short-end fiscal year” refers to a non-standard fiscal year variant that deviates from the traditional 12-month period. Organizations might adopt a short-end fiscal year for various reasons, such as aligning with industry-specific reporting cycles or addressing regulatory requirements.

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