45+ Tricky SAP Retail Interview Questions with SMART ANSWERS
Cloud Foundry Interview Questions and Answers

45+ Tricky SAP Retail Interview Questions with SMART ANSWERS

Last updated on 04th Jul 2020, Blog, Interview Questions

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SAP Retail, a SAP product, is a comprehensive retail solution. It covers crucial issues like as merchandising, supply chain management, shop operations, customer interactions, and analytics. This solution boosts operational efficiency by ensuring efficient inventory management, optimised sales, and coordinated supply chains. It enables retailers to make data-driven decisions, enhances customer experiences, and develops better strategies to meet changing market demands and trends, eventually enhancing retail competitiveness.

1. What does version of SAP IS Retail have worked with?

Ans:

SAP IS Retail has more different versions active in market, 4.0, 4.7, and currently, more common new implementations are done in ECC 5.0 and ECC 6.0.

2. What does MAP?

Ans:

MAP stands for the Merchandise and Assortments Planning. Merchandise and Assortment Planning in SAP Retail refers to a process of strategically planning and managing the products (merchandise) a retailer sells and variations of these products offered to the customers (assortment) based on a market demand, customer preferences, and business objectives.

3. What does Differences between Macro and Subroutine?

Ans:

  Aspect Macros() Subroutines (Functions/Procedures)()
Execution Time

Occurs at compile time

Executes at runtime.
Expansion Textually replaced inline Executed as separate units of code.

4. How does maintain promotions in SAP IS Retail?

Ans:

Access the Promotion Management Transactions: Log in to SAP IS Retail system.

Create the New Promotion: Enter necessary details such as promotion ID, validity dates, and other relevant information.

Define a Promotion Conditions: Assign promotion to specific articles, assortments, or merchandise categories.

5. What does Markdown and what does SAP be Retail provides in this regard?

Ans:

Markdowns have phased down reduction in prices, which may be due to the seasonal pricing, vendor-sponsored price changes, effort to reduce inventory, etc. Basically, markdowns provide the strategy to reduce the price of particular article in a phased-down manner, with equal or varying % of price being reduced at regular intervals.

6. What does features of the Markdown tool in SAP IS Retail?

Ans:

Plan markdown items, quantities, and prices assign stores to use the markdown rules and schedules to control which items are active at what prices during every phaseSlow-Seller Management tool automate markdown schedule based on an inventory and timingPre-season or in-season planning and executionVisibility to the costs and key figuresFlexible.

7. Can configure the system to handle multiple currencies?

Ans:

Yes, configure a system to handle the multiple currencies.

8. What does change pointer?

Ans:

Change pointers are the concept in SAP that allows a system to manage the changes happening to Master data, pricing, or in a general anything data change. Different change pointers are created and are used to transfer the changes down to the other systems like BW, POS, eBusiness, Manugistics, etc.

  • #include
  • int main() {
  • int num1 = 10, num2 = 20, *ptr = &num1;
  • printf(“Value pointed to by ptr: %d\n”, *ptr); // Output: 10
  • ptr = &num2;
  • printf(“Value pointed to by ptr after change: %d\n”, *ptr); // Output: 20 return 0;
  • }

9. What does drawbacks of using change pointers?

Ans:

One of the drawbacks of using change pointers in a retail setting is the potential volume of change pointers generated and the system’s capacity to manage those modifications. Batch jobs perform much worse when there are more change pointers. Since those change points will be used by a system, care should be taken when creating them.

10. How does create an article in SAP IS Retail?

Ans:

Creating an article in the SAP IS Retail involves the several steps to define the product’s details, including its characteristics, pricing, inventory management, and other relevant information. By Using MM41 transaction create in article in Sap is retail.

11. What does thoughts on data conversion for SAP Projects?

Ans:

A Data migration can be handled as early as possible. It is recommended that even during prototyping stage, do not stub test data, and use the actual migrated sample test data from an existing systems.

Data conversion for SAP Projects

12. What does stock transfer order?

Ans:

A Stock Transfer Order (STO) is the process in inventory management where materials are transferred from a one storage location to another within the same company code or between different company codes within corporate group. This transfer of materials can occur between the plants, storage locations, or stock types.

13. Is it required that distribution center and stores involved in tSTO are in the same company code?

Ans:

ERP, Stock Transfer Orders (STOs) can be processed both within a same company code (intra-company) and between the different company codes (inter-company). Whether a distribution center and stores involved in Stock Transfer Order need to be in the same company code or not depends on the type of transfer are performing.

14. Does generate a creturn deliveries from stock transfer orders in SAP MM?

Ans:

Create the Stock Transfer Order (STO): Initially, create a standard STO using transaction code ME21N or through respective menu path in SAP.

Goods Issue at Receiving Plant (Optional): If goods have already been physically received at receiving plant and want to initiate a return, might need to perform .

15. How does physical goods issue posted when merchandise is returned in SAP MM?

Ans:

Create a Return Purchase Order (PO): First, need to create a return purchase order referencing original purchase order for the merchandise. In return PO, specify the quantity and material being returned.

Goods Return (MIGO – Goods Movement): Use transaction code MIGO to post the goods return. In MIGO, select a Goods Movement > Return Delivery > PO Number. Enter a return PO number and other necessary details.

16. Does a single PO in SAP MM in the SAP IS Retail solution have multiple vendors associated with it?

Ans:

Yes, in SAP Materials Management (MM) and SAP IS Retail solutions, it is possible to have the multiple vendors associated with the single purchase order (PO). This feature is particularly useful in retail scenarios where a merchandise can come from a different suppliers for various items on single purchase order.

17. What does space management in SAP IS Retail?

Ans:

The most effective way to arrange an article on a shelf is the primary objective of space management. Key performance indicators (KPIs) are established, usually using sales, revenue, or gross margin data to determine how space will be managed.

18. Where else can use the space management data in Retail?

Ans:

Can use the space management data in the requirements planning and replenishment.

19. What does source list?

Ans:

A source list is the list that determines where particular article can be procured from. The source list contains a vendor info, validity dates, etc. A vendor will also be store.

20. What does listing in retail?

Ans:

Listing is the process that controls the what stores get a what articles. Articles that are listed to the particular store or DC will not get be able to the process. The Master data related to articles will not be available in stores where that article is not listed.

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    21. What does EAN/UPC?

    Ans:

    EAN (European Article Number): EAN is the barcode symbology that was introduced in Europe and is now used globally. It was originally created to facilitate an efficient product identification at the point of sale.

    UPC (Universal Product Code): UPC is the barcode symbology widely used in United States and Canada. UPC barcodes are 12-digit numeric codes. Like the EAN, each digit in UPC barcode has a specific purpose.

    22. How many UPC’s will be present for article with 3 units of measures?

    Ans:

    • The number of UPCs (Universal Product Codes) associated with the product can vary based on packaging and presentation of the product. UPCs are used to uniquely identify a trade items, and different units of measure and packaging configurations may have a different UPCs.
    • For a single article with the three different units of measure, there might be different UPCs associated with every unit of measure.

    23. What does stored in table WLK1?

    Ans:

    In SAP, the table WLK1 is related to Logistics Execution module, specifically dealing with the Warehouse Management. This table contains data about the transactions in context of Warehouse Management. WLK1 is used to store an information about transfer orders in SAP system. Transfer orders are used in SAP WM (Warehouse Management) to move the materials within the warehouse.

    24. What does other tables are updated when listing is created?

    Ans:

    In SAP systems, when listing is created, several tables are updated to store relevant information. The specific tables that are updated depend on type of listing and the modules being used. In context of SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), especially in Sales and Distribution (SD) module, when a material is listed (added) for sales, following tables are typically updated:MARA, WLK2, MBEW, MAW1, MARC.

    25. What does reference site provide?

    Ans:

    The reference site provides are certain logistics data when creating or changing a article data. the concept of a reference site is used to define the model site that serves as a reference point for a configuration and master data settings for the multiple retail locations. The reference site provides the standardized template that can be used as a starting point for creating and configuring a new retail sites.

    26. What does generic article?

    Ans:

    Generic article refers to the type of product representation that allows the retailers to manage similar or interchangeable items as single entity within their inventory and sales systems. Generic articles are used when retailers sell the products that have multiple variants, such as various colors, sizes, or packaging options, but want to track and manage them collectively for an inventory and sales purposes.

    27. What does Pricing profile of an article?

    Ans:

    In SAP Retail and other ERP systems, a pricing profile of article refers to the set of rules and conditions that determine how price of a product is calculated or determined. It defines pricing elements associated with the article, like s base price, discounts, surcharges, taxes, and other factors that can affect the final selling price.

    28. Explain integration of SAP Retail with other SAP modules.

    Ans:

    SAP Retail integrates seamlessly with the other SAP modules such as SAP ERP, SAP CRM, and SAP BW (Business Warehouse). This integration offers a unified view of retail operations by facilitating the seamless flow of data across various departments, including finance, customer relationship management, and business analytics.

    29. IS-Retail Buy One Get One Free?

    Ans:

    The bonus buys functionality in the IS-Retail can be used to solve this case. And can create a bonus buy by retail promotion or by sales condition master data.

    • If first create a material grouping with all articles in the combination, and then create the bonus buy condition using that a material grouping.
    • Check bonus by customizing in IMG
    • Sales and distribution
    • Basic functions
    • Bonus.

    30. What does equivalent Transaction of MM43 of the Retail-System in Industrial System?

    Ans:

    MM43 from SAP Retail in standard SAP MM (Materials Management) module in industrial SAP system. MM43 in SAP Retail module is used for displaying the material master data at retail site level, allowing to view the information specific to the particular site or store.

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    31. What does drawbacks of using change pointers?

    Ans:

    A significant disadvantage of implementing change pointers in a retail environment is the possible amount of change pointers that can be produced and the system’s ability to handle those changes. When there are more change pointers, batch jobs perform significantly worse. It is important to create those change points carefully because a system will use them.

    32. WHAT does SAP IS RETAIL?

    Ans:

    The IS retail solution helps bring the marketing, merchandise, supply chain and IT to provide competitive edge to business. The retail solution provides the complete integration for all divisions / business processes of retail company, which is typically food and beverages, hard goods and fashion retailers. The solution is more customizable to suit the varied requirements.

    33. What does use of HPR (High Performance Retail)?

    Ans:

    HPR in Retail consists of SAP to POS/BOS interface programmes that improve the runtime of Master data IDoc generation. These programmes are far more efficient than traditional SAP programmes. The end results, however, are not identical, and certain enhancements are also not available in the HPR.

    34. If purchasing a Sugar Bag of too kg and in warehouse, are packing it in pieces oft Kg each. How can account for the cost that has incurred in W/H ?

    Ans:

    It can be done through the couple of workarounds. First, using a little bit of PP. can setup a production order, which consumes a Sugar in bulk bags and produces Sugar in 1 Kg bags. And can do costing on this and settle it to finished product to get accurate costs. This will handle both stock movement and also cost calculation.

    35. How does SAP runs replenishment for locations in a warehouse, which are used for sales and when stock is lower in these locations, the stock from the other locations are moved there?

    Ans:

    • SAP WM perfectly manages this scenario. This will take a several steps
    • Define the fixed bin putway strategy for a warehouse/storage type (customizing for WM).

    36. where and how does can create these bonus buy promotions in SAP ?

    Ans:

    These coupons are made with MM4i in the IS-Retail. After that, you can use it like any other article in the bonus buy functionality. It will be necessary to establish a material grouping that only consists of these categories in order to restrict the use of coupons to the apparel and footwear merchandise category. Coupons will be awarded under the bonus buy condition based on material grouping.

    37. Why does SAP is used in retail?

    Ans:

    Merchandise management: SAP Retail allows the retailers to manage merchandise planning, assortment planning, and purchasing processes in the centralized system. It provides the tools for forecasting demand, setting prices, and analysing sales data to optimize the product assortments.

    38. Is SAP an MRP or ERP?

    Ans:

    SAP is a name of an ERP system. It’s the largest and most famous product of SAP corporation. However, SAP is not necessarily an ERP or MRP system but is ERP implementation provider. SAP ERP has more modules that cover all the aspects of business management.

    39. What does retail process?

    Ans:

    Retailing is a distribution process of a retailer obtaining the goods or services and selling them to customers for use. This process is explained through supply chain.

    40. What does Features of SAP IS-Retail?

    Ans:

    • Allows the companies to collect and analyze a statistical data.
    • The Purchasing functionality lets companies in the vendor settlement and merchandise procurement.
    • It supports sales processes such as customer order management, assortment planning, price planning, promotions, and store management.
    • It has interfaces that offer the distributed data processing.

    41. What does SAP IS Retail Components?

    Ans:

    • Organizational Structure
    • Master Data
    • Core Business Processes
    • Information Systems.

    42. What does different types of ERP?

    Ans:

    • SAP
    • Baan
    • JD Edwards (now acquired by Oracle)
    • Siebel
    • Peoplesoft (now acquired by Oracle)
    • Microsoft Dynamics.

    43. What does different SAP products?

    Ans:

    SAP R/3 – It succeeds the SAP R/2 and is the market leader in an ERP. R/3 stands for a three-tier architecture, i.e., Presentation, Logic, and Data tier. It has more modules are SD, FI, HR, etc. which encompass almost all the enterprise departments.

    44. What does NetWeaver?

    Ans:

    All products in the mySAP suite can operate on a single NetWeaver instance, also referred to as a SAP Web Application Server (SAP WEBAs), because NetWeaver is an integrated technology platform.

    45. List the Different Modules in SAP ?

    Ans:

    • FI (Financial Accounting)
    • CO(Controlling)
    • EC (Enterprise Controlling)
    • TR(Treasury)
    • IM (Investment Management)
    • HR (Human Resource)
    • SD (Sales and Distribution)

    46. What does Metadata, Master data and Transaction data?

    Ans:

    Meta Data: Meta Data is data about a Data. It tells about the structure of data or MetaObjects.

    Master Data: This Data is the key business information like Customer information, Employee, Materials, etc. This is more like reference data.

    47. Is SAP A Database?

    Ans:

    No, SAP is not database. SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products) is German multinational software corporation that creates enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations. SAP provides the various software solutions for a different business processes, including an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Supply Chain Management (SCM), Customer Relationship Management (CRM), and more.

    48. How many SAP Sessions can work on at a given time

    Ans:

    The number of SAP sessions that can work simultaneously depends on the various factors such as the SAP system configuration, available system resources, and the licenses organization has purchased. There isn’t a fixed limit defined by a SAP for the number of sessions, as it can be adjusted based on the system’s capacity and configuration.

    49. What does transaction in SAP terminology?

    Ans:

    A transaction refers to the task or a sequence of tasks that are executed within SAP system to perform a specific business function. Transactions are the building blocks of SAP applications and are used by the SAP access and manipulate data in system. Each transaction code corresponds to the specific function or operation, allowing the users to interact with SAP software in a structured manner users.

    50. Does a business run a warehouse without SAP R/3 implementation?

    Ans:

    Yes, can run a business warehouse without R/3 implementation. And have to simply transfer structures associated with the business warehouse data sources (ODS table, Infocube) to inbound data files or use third-party tools to connect the flat files and the other data sources.

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    51. what does datasets?

    Ans:

    The data sets are the sequential files processed on application server. They are used for the file handling in SAP. A dataset refers to the collection of data. Datasets can vary widely in size and complexity and can include a structured data (such as tables in the relational database), unstructured data (such as text documents or multimedia files), or semi-structured data (such XML or JSON files).

    52. Mention some setbacks of SAP?

    Ans:

    • It is an expensive.
    • Demands a highly trained staff.
    • Lengthy implementation time.
    • Interfaces are the little bit complex.
    • Does not determine where a master data resides.

    53. How does SAP Retail support demand forecasting and planning?

    Ans:

    SAP Retail uses an advanced algorithms and historical data to analyse trends and predict demand accurately. This information is a vital for inventory planning, ensuring that products are available when and where customers are need them, minimizing an excess inventory costs and stockouts.

    54. what does three stages of data mining?

    Ans:

    hree stages of a data mining include:

    • Initial Exploration.
    • Model building
    • Deployment.
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    55. What does Disadvantage of Sap is retail?

    Ans:

    Disadvantages: High Implementation Costs: Implementing SAP modules can be a complex and costly process that necessitates significant resources and time.

    Complexity: SAP modules can be complex and difficult to use, making it difficult for employees to use the system effectively.

    56. Explain Pooled and Cluster Tables.

    Ans:

    Cluster and Pooled tables are special kinds of tables in ABAP Dictionary. And can save the data from more different tables into the table cluster or a table pool. Tables allocated to the table cluster or a table pool are implied as a cluster tables or pooled tables.

    57. What does reasons codes are utilized in Account Receivable?

    Ans:

    The “Reason Codes” serve as tags to explain over/under payments when allocating incoming customer payments. They must not be confused with “void reason codes” used when sending out cheques.

    58. What does main advantages of reporting with BW over R/3?

    Ans:

    The business warehouse utilizes the data warehouse and OLAP concepts to analyse and store the data, while R/3 was designed for a transaction processing. can get a similar analysis out of the R/3, yet it would be more straightforward from BW.

    59. What does standard phases of SAP Payment Run?

    Ans:

    Entering the Parameters: This includes the entering vendor accounts, company codes, payment methods, etc.

    Scheduling the Proposals: The system proposes the list of the invoices to be paid.

    Payment Booking: Booking of the actual payments into the ledger.

    60. Explain check tables, value tables, transparent tables, and internal tables.

    Ans:

    Internal tables are t standard data type object; they exist only during a program’s runtime. Check tables are used for a field-level checking. Value tables are used for a domain-level checking. A transparent table is available with similar structure both in dictionary and the database, with the similar data and fields.

    61. What does different kinds of source systems in SAP?

    Ans:

    Following are different kinds of source systems:

    • SAP BW
    • SAP R/3 source system
    • External Systems
    • Flat files.

    62. What does difference between “Partial Payment” and “Residual Payment?”

    Ans:

    Partial Payment: For example, if invoice the A341 is issued for $300, and buyer pays $250. After subtracting a partial amount from the invoice, a balance of $50 is left.

    Residual Payment: While a customer is receiving residual payments, invoice number A341 is completely paid, clearing the way for the creation of a new financial statement that covers the outstanding amount of $50.

    63. Describe one-time vendors?

    Ans:

    Can only create a new records for some vendor trading partners in the some industries. One-time vendor allows dummy vendor code to be utilized on the invoice entry, and data generally stored in a vendor master is stapled on the invoice itself.

    64. What does most common transit mistakes?

    Ans:

    Return code 8: Import process errors such as glossary activation, programme syntax, programme creation, and so on.

    Return code 4: Columns or Rows are missing from a data while it is imported, and warnings are transmitted.

    Return code 18: It indicates that the import has been halted due to system or user downtime, as well as limited roles or authorization.

    65. Define transactional RFC?

    Ans:

    Transactional RFC, also called the Transactional Remote Function Call, allows the fetching formerly made request if it was mistakenly entered into the system. This happens when a transaction process, called TID, has been allocated unique identifier. Accessing the remote system is optional at a moment in the transactional RFC.

    66. Explain Information Model?

    Ans:

    The information model includes the Attribute, Calculation, and Analytic views, and it is primarily used to hide data selection technicalities so that business users with only functional knowledge of the database can model the data.

    67. Explain Code pushdown?

    Ans:

    Code pushdown is the transferring the data-intense applications to database layer. Every calculation cannot be pushed into a database, only the needed calculations can be pushed. For instance, if want to calculate the number of the positions of invoices, it is not necessary to choose all positions of those invoices and calculate sum through a loop.

    68. Explain the SAP launchpad?

    Ans:

    The SAP launchpad simplifies the accessing the corporate solution that offers launchpad site that is personalized and based on user’s activity. This service allows organizations to develop centralized location for a third-party services, SAP, custom-made apps, and the other services in the cloud and on-premises.

    69. Distinguishing stock transfers between plants with different company codes?

    Ans:

    Stock transfer between plants of different company codes is similar to a purchase order in Stock Transfer Order. The first case is an intra-company stock transfer, and second is inter-company stock transfer. The inventory movement without pricing is included in a stock transfer between same company code plants. Inventory accounts transfer is an included in this.

    70. What does Legacy System Migration Workbench? In SAP retail how can it be performed?

    Ans:

    Using the EDI LSMW is utilized. The SAP System is linked to Non SAP systems through the EDI programmers. During this, Data migration is required. The destination code differs from a source code while the data migrates from a source to destination. Thus, LSMW allows us to transform data into batch files, which are then transformed into source code batch files and data is migrated.

    71. What fields does available in purchasing view?

    Ans:

    • Requisition for a purchase
    • Quotation/RFQ
    • Outline agreements
    • Order for purchase
    • Master data.

    72. How does Price determination process works?

    Ans:

    Price determination process: A schema will be a created. A condition type is inserted if required, and Access sequence is allocated to condition type. A condition table is made, and fields needed are defined. A cond. Rec is created. The price schema has the condition type for the specific mat. The price determination process is invoked by a pricing.

    73. How does configure manual bank statements?

    Ans:

    Configuring manual bank statements in the SAP involves several steps to ensure that system accurately records and reconciles bank transactions. An electronic bank statement configuration is more needed, but not a manual bank statement. Type a data and save it in manual bank statement.

    74. How exclusion and listing are used in real-time?

    Ans:

    Exclusion and listing are used in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries. For instance, a specific customer may order chemicals or medicines even though their licence is expired. Listing and Exclusion are useful in this case.

    75. What products does SAP provide?

    Ans:

    SAP provides following products:

    • SuccessFactors
    • Ariba
    • Fiori
    • Concur
    • Fieldglass.

    76. Describe “Business Content” in SAP?

    Ans:

    Business Content in SAP is a pre-defined or pre-configured model of the information contained in a SAP warehouse that can be used directly or with minor modifications in various industries.

    77. Describe .sca files?

    Ans:

    .sca refers to a SAP component archive. It is used for deploying patches, java components, and other java deployments in form of .sda, .sca, .jar, and .war.

    78. What does update type referencing the match code ID?

    Ans:

    If the base table of match code ID modifications is data, the match code data must be upgraded. The updated type specifies when a match code must be updated and how it must be done. The update type determines which method will be used to generate match codes.

    79. What does SAP Basis?

    Ans:

    SAP Basis is a technical foundation that supports SAP applications. It includes the functions such as system monitoring, database administration, performance optimization, and security. An SAP Basis administrator is responsible for maintaining SAP system landscape and patching and upgrading system.

    80. What does use of BAPI in SAP?

    Ans:

    BAPI stands for the Business Application Programming Interface. It’s a standardized interface for an integrating SAP applications with other third-party applications. It allows the developers to access the SAP system’s business functionalities and data, making it simple to develop custom applications.

    81. What does LSMW in SAP?

    Ans:

    Purpose: LSMW (Legacy System Migration Workbench) is an SAP tool designed to assist in transferring data from legacy (non-SAP) systems into SAP environments.

    Data Migration: It facilitates the migration of data in bulk from non-SAP systems to SAP systems.

    Data Mapping: Allows users to map data from legacy system formats to SAP system formats.

    82. What does SAP HANA?

    Ans:

    • SAP HANA is an in-memory, column-oriented, relational database management system developed by SAP.
    • It’s designed to handle high volumes of transactional data and complex query processing in real-time.
    • The term “HANA” stands for High-Performance Analytic Appliance.

    83. Define Structure in ABAP Data Dictionary?

    Ans:

    The structure is a data object composed of components of various data types that are stored in memory. Structures are similar to user-defined data types. It functions similarly to a Data Dictionary table and can be accessed through ABAP programmes. At runtime, the structure stores data.

    84. What does internal tables and Work Area?

    Ans:

    Data is temporarily stored in internal tables and work areas during execution. These are instances of internal tables and database tables. Work Area is the standard data type object. These tables are only present while the programme is running. In order to reorganise database table contents according to user needs, it is utilised to perform table operations on subsets of database tables.

    85. What does ITS? What does merits of ITS?

    Ans:

    ITS stands for an Internet Transaction Server. It creates interface between the HTTP server and R/3 system to convert a screen provided data by R/3 system into the HTML documents and vice versa.

    Merits of ITS

    • It acts on all the transaction components, including those used by ITS outside.
    • The advantage of an automatic language processing in R/3 system that can utilize the language-dependent HTML documents at runtime.

    86. What does foreign key relationship?

    Ans:

    A foreign key relationship between tables can be defined and should be explicitly defined at the field level. Foreign keys are used to ensure data consistency. To ensure that there is no contradiction, the entered data must be compared to existing data. While defining the foreign key relationship, the Cardinality must be specified.

    87. Mention the various databases integrities.?

    Ans:

    • Semantic Integrity
    • Primary Key Integrity
    • Relational Integrity
    • Relational Integrity
    • Value Set Integrity
    • Operational Integrity
    • Foreign Key Integrity.

    88. Differentiate between ABAP memory and SAP memory.

    Ans:

    The ABAP memory is a memory area in which the ABAP programme is available in an internal section. Data is stored in programme calls. These programme calls allow data to be passed from one programme call to another.SAP Memory allows data to be passed from one session to another. All SAP GUI sessions have been linked to a memory area known as SAP Memory.

    89. How does price execution in retail?

    Ans:

    Normal Pricing in SAP IS Retail is maintained using the VK11 using different condition types. Change pointers can be configured in SAP system that will be triggered when any price change or price addition happens and these change pointers are transferred down to POS systems using the POSDM or other custom solutions.

    90. Differentiate Database Index and Match Code.

    Ans:

    Database Index contains fthe ields from only one table on other hand; Match Code Objects can be built on a cluster tables, transparent tables, and pooled tables.

    91. Why does events and actions in Web Dynpro?

    Ans:

    Events in Web Dynpro can be created to set up the connection between controllers. The connection allows one controller to trigger events in other controllers. All events are organised in component controllers and are accessible in specific components.

    92. What does Subroutine?

    Ans:

    The subroutine is the reusable section of code. It is customized unit within ABAP programs where functions are encapsulated in a form of their source code. A part of a program can be called out to subroutine for getting a better overview of main program.

    93. Difference between the user exit and BADIs?

    Ans:

    User exit is used for a single implementation, and it is the procedural approach. In the case of BADIs, they are used for the multiple implementations and object-oriented approaches.

    94. What does platform is SAP?

    Ans:

    SAP is enterprise platform, specifically with SAP Extension Suite, that drives SAP Business Technology Platform. It’s a top-notch choice for smoothly creating and improving an enterprise applications, processes, and user experiences.

    95. What programming language does SAP use?

    Ans:

    SAP uses the Advanced Business Application Programming (ABAP). ABAP is the versatile programming language, offering a variety of programming approaches, including the procedural and object-oriented styles. Although it’s SAP’s primary language, can run ABAP programs side by side with those written in the other languages like Java, JavaScript, and SAPUI5. It provides the flexibility for developers to choose a right tool for the task.

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