[BEST & NEW] SAP GTS Interview Questions and Answers
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[BEST & NEW] SAP GTS Interview Questions and Answers

Last updated on 14th Nov 2021, Blog, Interview Questions

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Neha Choudhary (Senior SAP MM/WM Consultant )

Neha Choudhary is a module of the SAP ERP software package from SAP AG that is used for Procurement Handling and Inventory Management with 7+ years of experience and she has a specialist in SAP S/4HANA, SAP ECC FI, SAP SCM, SAP HCM, SAP BI.

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    These SAP GTS Interview Questions have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your interview for the subject of SAP GTS . As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular question during your interview, normally questions start with some basic concept of the subject and later they continue based on further discussion and what you answer.we are going to cover top 100 SAP GTS Interview questions along with their detailed answers. We will be covering SAP GTS scenario based interview questions, SAP GTS interview questions for freshers as well as SAP GTS interview questions and answers for experienced.

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    1. What Is Gts In Sap?


      The system for Global Trade Services (GTS) lets you automate your global trade transactions, manage large numbers of business partners and documents, and ensure that your company always complies with constantly changing international legal regulations.

    2. What are the key aspects of SAP GTS?


      The major components of SAP Global Trade Services are as follows: –

    • Compliance Management
    • Customs Management
    • Risk Management
    • Electronic Compliance Reporting (ECR)

    3. Compare Ecc Foreign Trade Vs Sap Global Trade Services (gts)?


      Since the commercial enterprise systems are getting more complex and markets becoming extra global nowadays the necessity of managing overseas trade of a commercial enterprise is swiftly gaining significance. SAP Foreign Trade and/or SAP Global Trade Services (GTS) affords the tools you need to compete efficaciously in nowadays’s market. This allows you to: –

    • Manage import and export approaches, integrating them efficiently into the Supply Chain.
    • Automatically perceive licensing requirements for importing and exporting items based totally on cutting-edge rules.
    • Simplify reporting with automatic approaches for growing, printing and submitting declarations to the customs government.
    • Determine which of your merchandise qualify for Preference managing. Provide an lively interface for sending information via the world over to be had EDI systems and different electronic media.
    • Update or trade statistics in all applicable foreign alternate files at any time prior to the very last goods difficulty.
    • Foreign Trade in ECC and SAP Global Trade Services (GTS) components are tightly included with Materials Management (MM) for managing Imports and Sales and Distribution (SD) for handling Exports. In the location of documentary payments it’s also included carefully with the Financial Accounting application.

    4. What Are The Advantages Of Using Sap Gts?


      The primary advantages of the use of SAP GTS are: –

    • Saving the time via automated approaches
    • Expenditure discount
    • Less human paintings worried
    • Automatic checking the compliance violation and banned dealers
    • Can keep the organisation emblem and accept as true with by means of fending off the fines and consequences
    • Fast exchange processing and consumer delight
    • SAP SD Tutorial SAP HR Interview Questions

    5. What Is Relation Between R/three And Sap Gts ?


      SAP R/3 is the former call of the company useful resource making plans software program produced by means of SAP AG.

      It is an enterprise-huge facts gadget designed to coordinate all of the assets, statistics, and activities wanted to finish enterprise procedures along with order achievement or billing.

      SAP R/3 became organized into wonderful functional modules, protecting the everyday features in region in an employer.

      The most broadly used modules have been Financial s and Controlling (FICO), Human Resources (HR), Materials Management (MM), Sales & Distribution (SD), and Production Planning (PP).

      Each module treated precise commercial enterprise responsibilities on its very own, however changed into connected to the others where relevant. For example, an invoice from the billing transaction of Sales & Distribution might bypass thru to accounting, where it’ll appear in bills receivable and value of products offered.

      SAP normally centered on high-quality exercise methodologies for riding its software program approaches, but greater currently increased into vertical markets.

      In these conditions, SAP produced specialized modules (known as IS or Industry Specific) geared in the direction of a selected marketplace segment, consisting of utilities or retail.

    6. What Are The Functionalities Involved In Sap Gts?


      The functionalities worried in SAP GTS are: –

    • Compliance Management: For test global exchange compliance problems.
    • Customs Management: Deals with customs-relevant transactions.
    • Risk Management: To decrease the risks involved with monetary transactions.
    • Electronic Compliance Reporting: For submitting the reports for intra-European change.
    • System Administration: Deals with settings and tracking of the GTS feeder system.

    7. What Are The Major Components Of Sap Gts?


      The GTS consist 4 principal components: –

    • SAP Compliance Management : With SAP Compliance Management you can reveal all transactions of import and export of goods, and so follow the legacy laws the complete procedure chain without any gaps. A relevant secret is the observance of boycott lists, embargo checks, and import and export controls, that may all fully included into an already existing structures.
    • SAP Customs Management : Customs related tactics are handled by the SAP Customs Management, what is licensed through the Customs. Key factors are the product type, customs valuation, the print out of foreign alternate documents and no longer least the IT-based customs clearance, using a electronic verbal exchange with the customs. The digital ATLAS machine (automatic tarif and nearby customs gadget), as well the european transit system NCTS (new computerised transit machine) are supported via SAP GTS. This is for all exporting organizations even extra essential, because using ATLAS is obligatory considering 01.07.2009 in Germany!
    • But even extra automatic customs clearance systems in Europe, USA and Australia are supported by using SAP GTS and has been licensed already.
    • SAP Risk Management : With SAP Risk Management the finacial dangers for the organisation can be minimized. The use and dealing with of preferences (which includes choice calculation), export refunds, letter of credit for import and export business are supported through SAP GTS.
    • SAP Electronic Compliance Reporting : With SAP Electronic Compliance Reporting the GTS helps the statistical reports to the authorities, which have to be introduced for an inner ecu trade. Depending for the united states’s authorithy, the facts are provided according to their certain information formats.

    8. What Are The Benefits Of Sap Gts?


      Benefits of SAP GTS: –

    • Ensure vigilant compliance with trade ppolicies.
    • Mitigate risks of big fines and consequences.
    • Avoid high priced cargo delays at borders and customs.
    • Quick implementation.
    • Lower IT protection prices.
    • Faster Communication with customs.
    • Lot of return of funding.

    9. Explain Compliance Management?


      Compliance Management contains functions relating to import and export control regulations. This feature allows you to monitor procedures that are subject to licensing requirements and to comply with international legal regulations which prevent and/or restrict trade with individuals, groups and individual countries.Three main areas of Compliance Management are: –

    • Sanctioned party list screening.
    • Legal control – export (including embargo checking and license management).
    • Legal control – import (including embargo checking and license management).

    10. Explain About The Risk Management Function In Sap Gts?


      Risk Management is used for Letter of Credit processing, preference determination and the management of Long Term Vendor Declarations. Allowing you to minimize the financial risk associated with global trade activities.The following services are available: –

    • Preference processing.
    • Letter of credit processing.
    • Restitution.

    11. What Are The Things Can Be Achieved By Using Sap Gts?


      These are some of the things that can be achieved with the help of an automated GTS platform: –

    • Reduced risks of trade penalties and fines.
    • Boost in productivity and streamlining of all trade processes for improved international operations.
    • Elimination of all the manual tasks with the help of automated tools. Correspondingly, the time associated with these manual tasks is also eliminated.
    • Seamless and reliable integration through all cross border supply chains.
    • Reduced delays with regards to inbound and outbound custom clearance.
    • Better customer satisfaction and protection of the company’s brand name. Reliable gauging of the credibility of global clients.
    • The GTS platform provides adequate tools for Compliance Management, Risk Management and Customs Management. All the tasks and procedures that are a part of these modules are taken care of efficiently.

    12. What Are The Reports Available To Evaluate And Analyze Data For Any Of The Services In Sap Gtc?


      Using the following reports that are available, you can evaluate and analyze data for any of the services you use in SAP GTS: –


    • Imports by product.
    • Imports by country.
    • Import analysis.
    • Imports by office of entry or destination.
    • Comparison of imports between transit and customs processing document items.
    • Exports:

    • Exports by product.
    • Exports by country.
    • Export analysis.
    • Export by customs office.
    • Comparison of exports between transit and customs document items Cross-area.
    • Savings from bonded warehouse.

    13. What is the difference between Tally software and SAP software?


      Tally is a basic user-friendly accounting software application. Whereas SAP is a full-fledged full ERP software. The advantage of ERP software in any large firm is it gives access to as many employees as possible which is limited to their function. For Example, the PO is raised in the production module, whereas the Invoice is raised in the FICO module. For an Invoice to be processed in SAP, there needs to be a 3-way watch, as soon as the 3-way watch is done, Invoice gets booked and while doing a payment run, it gets picked in the payment run and the vendor gets paid.

    14. What Is The Difference Between (a/c Payable / Receivable ) And ( Bills Payable / Receivable )?


    • Accounts Payable – Amounts payable to the Suppliers/Vendors/Creditors. The accounting institution also can be referred to as as Sundry Creditors. This is Current Liability.
    • Accounts Receivable – Amounts receivable from the Customers/Debtors. The accounting institution also can be known as as Sundry Debtors. This is Current Asset.
    • Bills Payable – Bills of Exchange drawn with the aid of Creditors/Suppliers on the agency and is a Current Liability.
    • Bills Receivable – Bills of Exchange drawn via a company on its Customers/Debtors and is a Current Asset.

    15. Explain About The Electronic Compliance Reporting Function Is Sap Gts?


      Electronic Compliance Reporting : ECR allows the regular trouble of Intrastat declarations to the authorities for Intra-European exchange between U member states. The relevant facts is gathered from the logistics methods, after which sent to your country wide records government periodically.

    16.What are the PO types in Purchasing and Invoices in AP?


      Here are mainly 4 types of PO’s are there, –

    • Standard PO
    • Blanket PO
    • Contract PO
    • Planned PO

    17. What is ERP?


      ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning Software and is an integrated computer-based system used to manage a company’s resources effectively. It ensures smooth information amongst various departments in an enterprise or a company and manages workflows.

    18. What are the different types of ERP?


    • SAP
    • Baan
    • JD Edwards (now acquired by Oracle)
    • Siebel
    • Peoplesoft (now acquired by Oracle)
    • Microsoft Dynamics

    19. What is NetWeaver?


    • NetWeaver is an integrated technology platform such that all the products in the mySAP suite can run on a single instance of NetWeaver, known as SAP Web Application Server (SAP WEBAs).
    • The advantage of using NetWeaver is that you can access SAP data using the web (HTTP protocol) or even mobile. Thus, you can save on costs involved in training users on SAP Client-side GUI.

    20. List the Different Modules in SAP.


    • FI (Financial Accounting)
    • CO(Controlling)
    • EC (Enterprise Controlling)
    • TR(Treasury)
    • IM (Investment Management)
    • HR (Human Resource)
    • SD (Sales and Distribution)
    • MM (Materials Management)
    • PM (Plant Maintenance)
    • PP (Production Planning)
    • QM – Quality Management
    • BW (Business Warehousing)
    • There are many industry-specific solutions that SAP provides apart from the list of modules above, which is ever-growing.

    21. What is Metadata, Master data and Transaction data?


    • Meta Data: Meta Data is data about Data. It tells you about the structure of data or MetaObjects.
    • Master Data: This Data is key business information like Customer information, Employee, Materials, etc. This is more like a reference data for Ex. If a customer orders 10 units of your product instead of asking the customer for his shipping.
    • Transaction Data: This is data related to day to day transactions.

    22. Is SAP A Database?


      NO. SAP is not a database, but it’s an application that makes use of databases provided by other vendors like Oracle, SQL Server, etc.At any given time for a particular client, you can work on 6 sessions at max.

    23. What is a transaction in SAP terminology?


      In SAP terminology, a transaction is a series of logically connected dialog steps.

    24. Can we run a business warehouse without SAP R/3 implementation?


      Yes, you can run a business warehouse without R/3 implementation. You have to simply transfer structures associated with business warehouse data sources (ODS table, Infocube) to the inbound data files or use third-party tools to connect your flat files and other data sources.

    25. Mention what do you mean by datasets?


      The data sets are sequential files processed on the application server. They are used for file handling in SAP.

    26. What are the variables?


      Variables are parameters of a query set in the parameter query definition and are not filled with values until the queries are entered into the workbooks.

    27. Mention what the different types of variables are?


      Variables are used in the different application are: –

    • Characteristics variable
    • Hierarchies
    • Hierarchy nodes
    • Text
    • Formulas
    • Processing Types
    • Replacement Path
    • User entry/default type

    28. Mention some of the setbacks of SAP?


    • It is expensive
    • Demands highly trained staff
    • Lengthy implementation time
    • Interfaces are a little bit complex
    • Does not determine where master data resides

    29. Mention where are t-code name and program values stored? Explain how can you find a list of all t-codes in the SAP system?


      To view transaction table TSTC, you can use transaction code st11, and you can define a new t-code using transaction se93.

    30. Mention what the difference between OLAP and Data Mining is?


    • OLAP: OLAP stands for Online Analytical Processing it is a reporting tool configured to understand your database schema, dimensions, and composition facts.
    • Data Mining: It is an analytic process to explore data in search of consistent patterns or systematic relationships between variables.

    31. Mention what are the three stages of data mining?


      Three stages of data mining include: –

    • Initial Exploration
    • Model building
    • Deployment

    32. Mention what are the different layers in the R/3 system?


      Different layers in the R/3 system includes: –

    • Presentation Layer
    • Database layer
    • Application layer
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    33. Mention what is the process to create a table in the data dictionary?


      To create a table in the data dictionary, you have to follow this step: –

    • Creating domains (data type, field length, range)
    • Creating data elements (properties and type for a table field)
    • Creating tables (SE 11)

    34. Mention what is AWB?


      AWB stands for Administrator Workbench. It is a tool for monitoring, controlling, and maintaining all the processes connected with data staging and processing in the business information warehousing.

    35. Explain what is Bex?


      Bex means Business Explorer. It allows the end-user to locate reports, analyze information, view reports, and can execute queries. The queries in the workbook can be saved to their respective roles in the Bex browser. It has the following components Bex analyzer, Bex Map, and Bex web.

    36. Mention what is the importance of ODS in BIW?


      An ODS object serves to store debugged and consolidated transaction data on a document level. It defines a consolidated dataset from one or more info-sources. This dataset can be evaluated with a Bex query or an Infoset query. The data of an ODS object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes or other ODS objects in the same system or across systems. In contrast to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes, the data in the ODS object is stored in transparent, flat database tables.

    37. Mention what is the difference between Domain and Data Element?


    • Data Element: It is an intermediate object between domain and table type.
    • Domain: It defines attributes such as length, type, and possible value range.

    38. Mention what are SET parameters and GET parameters?


      To use parameter IDs, you need to “set” values in the global memory area and then “get” values from this parameter ID memory area. In the case of the online program, you have to “Set” values from screen fields, and you will “get” these values for screen fields.

    SET parameters and GET parameters

    39. Mention what is ALE, IDOC, EDI, RFC, and explain briefly?


    • ALE: Application Linking enabling
    • IDOC: Intermediary documents
    • EDI: Electronic data interchange
    • RFC: Remote function call

    40. Mention what is BDC stands for? How many methods of BDC are there?


      BDC stands for Batch Data Communication. The methods of BDC are: –

    • Direct Input Method
    • Batch Input Session Method
    • Call transaction Method

    41. Mention what is meant by a “baseline data” in SAP AR and AP?


      The baseline date is the date from which the payment terms apply. Usually, it is the document date on the invoice but can also be the date of entry or posting date from the ledger.

    42. Mention what do you mean by one-time vendors?


      In specific industries, it is not possible to create new master records for every vendor trading partner. One-time vendor enables a dummy vendor code to be used on invoice entry, and the information that is normally stored in the vendor master is keyed on the invoice itself.

    43. Mention what are the standard stages of the SAP Payment Run?


      While executing the SAP Payment Run the standard stages of SAP includes –

    • Entering of parameters: It includes entering company codes, vendor accounts, payment methods, etc.
    • Proposal Scheduling: The system proposes a list of invoices to be paid.
    • Payment booking: Booking of the actual payments into the ledger.
    • Printing of Payment forms: Printing of payment forms.

    44. Mention what is the difference between the “residual payment” and “partial payment” methods of allocating cash in account receivable?


      The difference between the residual and partial payment includes: –

    • Partial payment: For example, let say invoice A456 exits for $100 and customer pay $70. With the partial payment, it offsets the invoice leaving a remaining balance $30.
    • Residual Payment: While in residual payment, invoice A456 is cleared for the full value of $100, and a new invoice line item is produced for the remaining balance of $30.

    45. Mention what are internal tables, check tables, value tables, and transparent table?


    • It is the standard data type object; it exists only during the runtime of the program.
    • Check the table will be at field level checking.
    • Value table will be at domain level checking.
    • The transparent table will exist with the same structure both in the dictionary as well as in the database exactly with the same data and fields.

    46.Mention what is an application, presentation, and database servers in SAP R/3?


      The application layer of a R/3 system is made up of the application server and the message server. Application programs in an R/3 system run on application servers. Using the message server, the application servers communicate with presentation components, the database, and also with each other. All the data are stored in a centralized server, which is known as a database server.

    47. Explain what is a company in SAP?


      Company in SAP is the highest organizational unit for which financial statements like profit and loss statements, balance sheets can be drawn according to the requirement of organizations. A single company contains one or many company codes. All the company codes in SAP must use the same COA (chart of accounts) and fiscal year.

    48. Mention what is the difference between SAP BASIS and SAP ABAP?


    • Partial payment: For example, let say invoice A456 exits for $100 and customer pay $70. With the partial payment, it offsets the invoice leaving a remaining balance $30.
    • Residual Payment: While in residual payment, invoice A456 is cleared for the full value of $100, and a new invoice line item is produced for the remaining balance of $30.

    49. List out the different types of source systems in SAP?


      The different types of the source system in SAP includes: –

    • SAP R/3 source system
    • SAP BW
    • Flat files
    • External Systems

    50. Explain what is Extractor?


      In the SAP source system, extractors are a data retrieval mechanism. It can fill the extract structure of a data source with the data from the SAP source system datasets.

    51. Explain what is extended star schema?


      The star schema consists of the fact tables and the dimension tables. The master data related tables are kept in separate tables, which has reference to the characteristics in the dimension tables. These separate tables for master data are termed as the Extended Star Schema.

    extended star schema

    52. Explain what should be the approach for writing a BDC program?


      The approach to writing BDC program is to –

    • Create recording.
    • Convert the legacy system data to a flat file into the internal table referred as “Conversion.”
    • Transfer the Flat file into the SAP system called “SAP Data Transfer.”
    • Depending upon the BDC type CALL TRANSACTION or CREATE SESSIONS.

    53. Mention what are the major benefits of reporting with BW over R/3?


      Business Warehouse uses a data warehouse and OLAP concepts for analyzing and storing data While the R/3 was intended for transaction processing. You can get the same analysis out of R/3, but it would be easier from a BW.

    54. Mention the two types of services that are used to deal with communication?


      To deal with communication, you can use two types of services: –

    • Message Service: In order to exchange short internal messages, this service is used by the application servers.
    • Gateway Service: This service allows communication between R/3 and external applications using CPI-C protocol.

    55. Mention what are reason codes used in Account Receivable?


      “Reason Codes” are tags that can be allocated to describe under/overpayments during the allocation of incoming customer payments. They should not be mixed up with “void reason codes” used when outgoing cheques are produced.

    56. Mention what is the protocol does SAP Gateway process use?


      The SAP gateway process uses TCP/IP protocol to communicate with the clients.

    57. Mention what is pooled tables?


      Pooled tables are used to store control data. Several pooled tables can be united to form a table pool. Table tool is a solid table on the database in which all the records of the allocated pooled tables are stored.

    58. Explain what is an update type with reference to a match code ID?


      If the data in one of the base tables of a matchcode ID changes, the matchcode data has to be updated. The update type stipulates when the match-code has to be updated and how it has to be done. The update type also defines which method is to be used for building match-codes.

    59. Explain what the .sca files and mention their importance?


      SCA stands for SAP component Archive. It is used to deploy the Java components, patches, and other java developments in the form of. sca,. sda,.war and .jar.

    60. Explain what is meant by “Business Content” in SAP?


      Business Content in SAP is a pre-configured and pre-defined model of information contained in the SAP warehouse, which can be used directly or with desired modification in different industries.

    61. Explain what is dispatcher?


      A dispatcher is a component that takes the request for client systems and stores the request in the queue.

    62. Mention what are the common transport errors?


      The common transport errors include: –

    • Return code 4: Imported with warnings, generation of program, columns or row missing.
    • Return code 8: Imported with a syntax error, program generation error, dictionary activation error, etc.
    • Return code 12: Indicates import cancelled due to object missing, object not active, etc.
    • Return code 18: Indicates import cancelled due to system down while import, user expired during import, and insufficient roles or authorization.

    63. What is BASIS?


      BASIS is a module of SAP that deals with the installation and day – to – day maintenance of SAP servers.It covers server maintenance, user maintenance, profile maintenance, and overall running of the SAP servers.It is the responsibility of the BASIS administrators, i.e. technical server administrators to keep the SAP server running and available to all the users through the SAP GUI client.

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    64. What does AWB stand for?


      AWB stands for Administrator Workbench.

    65. What are the options that are available to communicate with external applications in Net Weaver?


      The following are the two important connectors that make communication with external applications possible: –

    • • SAP .NET – Helps in communicating with Microsoft .Net applications. You can directly code applications in Microsoft Visual Studio .Net to access SAP data using the SAP .NET connector.
    • • SAP Java Connector (JCO) – Helps in communicating with applications written in Java. JCO provides a standard interface for Java applications to communicate with SAP.

    66. What is SOA?


      Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is the latest addition to the concept of software delivery, which ensures efficient delivery of software to customers. If your ERP supports SOA, you will have a hassle free software delivery mechanism.

    67. Name the different user types available in SAP.


      The following user types are available in SAP: –

    • Dialog user – Used for day-to-day transactions. It is user interactive.
    • System user – Used for system activities like Application Link Enabler (ALE) processing.
    • Service user – Used for background services.
    • Reference user – Used as a sample user for creating other users.

    68. What is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)?


      ERP is a set of computer-based programs that handle the end-to-end requirements of an organization.This covers all the requirements related to various processes, such as material procurement, manufacturing, finance, and logistics.

    69. What is LSMW?


      the term LSMW stands for legacy system Migration Workbench.During the changeover from legacy system to production system, a huge amount of data of legacy system needs to be migrated.


    70. What are the sub components of SAP Net Weaver?


      SAP Net Weaver includes the following sub components: –

    • Process Integration (PI)
    • Composition Environment (CE).
    • Business Intelligence (BI).
    • Enterprise Portal (EP).
    • Master Data Management (MDM).
    • Application Server.

    71. What is BI?


      Business Intelligence (BI) supports various business functions, such as data warehousing, business planning, business insights, measurements and management, information broadcasting and accelerated business intelligence.Transaction based systems are not optimized for management reporting.In management reporting, the slicing and dicing of information is unique and generates loads of data volumes.It is not possible for transaction based systems to handle such huge volumes of data.Therefore, a business data warehouse is built to generate such information. This system is called differently by different organizations. Some organizations also refer it as Decision Support System (DSS).BI is similar product of SAP.

    72. What is ABAP?


      The term ABAP stands for Advanced Business Application and Programming.The latest object oriented version 4 of ABAP is often referred as ABAP/4.Depending upon the individual requirements of organizations, a need was felt to extend the functionality of SAP.This is implemented by allowing customers to develop their customizations through some simple programming language.As a result, ABAP came into existence. Over a period of time, ABAP has also evolved as a fully-fledged programming language. Recently, object oriented capabilities have also been added to ABAP.

    73. Which table contains details about the business areas?


      Table TGSB contains details about the business areas.

    74. What is the use of PFCG?


      Tcode PFCG is used to create roles.

    75. Name the authorizations required to maintain the user master data in SAP?


      The following authorizations are required to maintain the user master data in SAP: –

    • S_USER_GRP
    • S_USER_PRO
    • S_USER_AUT

    76. Name a few non SAP related security measures you will suggest a security consultant to your client?


      The following are few non SAP related security measures that should be considered while implementing system security: –

    • • Network Security
    • • OS i.e. Operating System Security
    • • Firewalls to block unwanted access to systems
    • • Database Security
    • • Web Server Security.

    77. How can we list all the available activities in SAP?


      Table TACT contains all the possible activities. Use Tcode SE16N to display the table.

    78. What is a user buffer?


      A user buffer contains all the authorizations for the user.It is populated when the user logs on to the SAP system.

    79. What is PFCG?


      PFCG is the standard SAP Tcode for SAP Profile Generator.

    80. Can multiple roles be assigned to a single user?


      Yes, multiple roles can be assinged to a single user.

    81. What is the difference between SE16 and SE16N?


      SE16 is a Data Browser which allows table maintenance if sufficient authorizations are available whereas is a Table Browser.

    82. What is LDAP?


      LDAP stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.

    83. Name few password related profile parameters?


      The following are some of the password related profile parameters: –

    • Login/min_password_Ing
    • Login/min_password_digits
    • Login/password_expiration_time

    84. As an administrator, what steps should you perform before restarting the SAP server?


      The following things should be checked before restarting the server: –

    • • Check whether any background jobs are running. This can be checked by using Tcode SM37.
    • • Check if any user is logged on. This can be checked by using Tcode SM04.
    • • The server should be restarted during off working hours to minimize business downtime.

    85. Write the transaction code to view all the active users in the system?


      Tcode SM04 can be used to list all the active users in the system.

    86. What is specific about the Enqueue work process in SAP?


      Only one Enqueue work process is allowed in SAP.

    87. Where are table buffers stored?


      The table buffers are stored in the shared memory.

    table buffers stored

    88. Where is LDAP used in SAP security?


      LDAP is used in SAP CUA – Central User Administration to synchronize all the users across the enterprise.

    89. Which table contains details about sales organizations?


      The TVKO table contains the details about sales organizations.

    90. Can we delete a role once created in the SAP system? If yes, how?


      Yes, we can delete a role simply as it was created using Tcode PFCG.

    91. Can multiple roles be assigned to a single user?


      Yes, multiple roles can be assigned to a single user.

    92. What is PFCG?


      PFCG is the standard SAP Tcode for SAP Profile Generator.

    93. Where is LDAP used in SAP security?


      LDAP is used in SAP CUA – Central User Administration to synchronize all the users across the enterprise.

    94. How do you check the user buffer?


      Tcode SU56 can be used for checking the user buffer.

    95. Users are not able to access systems based on SSO. What is the first thing you will check?


      The certificate used in SSO generally expires in a years’ time. Most often their expiry is overlooked causing SSO logins to fail. Hence, the validity of the certificate should be checked first.

    96. What is positive check of authorization?


      Positive check of authorization checks whether the transactions are executed, as desired.

    97. What is negative check of authorization?


      Negative check of authorization checks whether all the restrictions mentioned in the authorization are followed or not.

    98. List all the broad categories of transactions in SAP?


      The following are the based categories of transactions in SAP: –

    • Master data – Refers to the master data .transactions that are executed once for every new entity introduced in the SAP system, for example, creation of GL masters.
    • Day-to-day transactions – Refers to the day to day to day transactions of the organization, such as cash receipt and journal vouchers.
    • Month end – Refers to the activities typically performed once in a month, such as open and close posting periods, foreign currency valuation, and GR IR regrouping.
    • Period end closing activities – Refers to the activities typically performed at the end of a period to determine the profitability of the organization, such as balance carry forward.

    99. Define role based user interface?


      Role based user interface allows you to control the access of the system by defining roles and attaching them to users. This simplifies the maintenance of authorization matrix of your enterprise.

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    100. What is SAP router?


      SAP router is a SAP firewall that is used to ensure a secure communication environment between SAP components and external systems.

    SAP router

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